Epidemiology of Leprosy in Indonesia: a Retrospective Study

leprosy epidemiology infectious disease human and disease tropical disease

Authors

  • Cita Rosita Sigit Prakoeswa
    cita-rosita@fk.unair.ac.id
    Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga/Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Surabaya – Indonesia Leprosy Study Group - Institute of Tropical disease, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Ramona Sari Lubis Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Sumatera Utara/Adam Malik General Academic Hospital, Medan
  • Qaira Anum Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Andalas/M. Djamil General Academic Hospital, Padang
  • Fifa Argentina Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Sriwijaya/dr. Mohammad Hoesin General Academic Hospital, Palembang
  • Sri Linuwih Menaldi Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia/dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General Academic Hospital, Jakarta
  • Hendra Gunawan Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Padjadjaran/dr. Hasan Sadikin General Academic Hospital, Bandung
  • Renni Yuniati Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Diponegoro/dr. Kariadi General Academic Hospital, Semarang
  • Nur Rachmat Mulianto Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Sebelas Maret/dr. Moewardi General Academic Hospital, Solo
  • Agnes Sri Siswati Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Gadjah Mada/dr. Sardjito General Academic Hospital, Yogyakarta
  • Dhelya Widasmara Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Brawijaya/dr. Saiful Anwar General Academic Hospital, Malang
  • Luh Made Mas Rusyati Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Udayana/Sanglah General Academic Hospital, Denpasar
  • Enricco Hendra Mamuaja Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Suniversitas Sam Ratulangi/dr. RD Kandou General Academic Hospital, Manado
  • Vitayani Muchtar Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Hasanuddin/dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo General Academic Hospital, Makassar
  • Regitta Indira Agusni Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga/Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Surabaya – Indonesia Leprosy Study Group - Institute of Tropical disease, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Bagus Haryo Kusumaputra Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga/Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Surabaya – Indonesia Leprosy Study Group - Institute of Tropical disease, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Medhi Denisa Alinda Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga/Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Surabaya – Indonesia Leprosy Study Group - Institute of Tropical disease, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Muhammad Yulianto Listiawan Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga/Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Surabaya – Indonesia Leprosy Study Group - Institute of Tropical disease, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
March 30, 2022

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Background: According to WHO data, the number of new cases of leprosy has decreased in 2019. However, Indonesia continues to provide a significant number of cases. According to statistics, India, Brazil, and Indonesia account for 79 percent of all instances. Purpose: This study aims to describe the profile of leprosy patients, and involves all Dermatology and Venereology Academic Hospitals in Indonesia. Methods: This study was a retrospective study of 2461 patients from Dermatology and Venereology Outpatient Clinic at 13 Academic Hospitals in Indonesia between January 2018 and December 2020. Result: Subjects in this study were dominated by males (66.8%) and aged > 14 years (95.3%). The most common type of leprosy was multibacillary (MB) (86.2%), and erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL) was the most leprosy reaction (20.3%). Majority of the subjects experienced disability in the hands (26.6%), in grade 1. Conclusion: Leprosy cases in Indonesia are mostly experienced by adult males. The most common type of leprosy is MB, with ENL being the most common leprosy reaction. Grade 1 disability is the most prevalent, therefore proper education is necessary to keep patients from progressing to grade 2 disability.

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