Correlation of Total IgE Level and Intensity of Infection among Soil Transmitted Helminthiasis Farmers in Klungkung Regency, Bali, Indonesia

Farmers soil transmitted helminthiasis total IgE level EPG Klungkung Bali

Authors

  • Putu Indah Budi Apsari
    putuindah123@gmail.com
    Master Program of Basic Medical Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Heny Arwati Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Yoes Prijatna Dachlan Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
Vol. 55 No. 2 (2019): June
Original Research Report
January 14, 2021

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The phenomena of increasing total IgE level in Soil Transmitted Helminthiasis and its protective role in resistance of infection remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between total IgE and the intensity of Soil transmitted helminthiasis among farmers in these area. Total 162 farmer, age ranged 25-80 years participated in this cross sectional analytic study. Kato-Katz method was used to diagnose Soil Transmitted Helminthiasis and to determined infection intensity based on egg per gram (EPG). Total IgE levels were measured by enzyme linked flourescent assay (ELFA). The results of this study showed that 13,56% farmer positive  for Soil Transmitted Helminthiasis, with single infection of Ascaris lumbricoides were 1,85%, 9,26% for Trichuris trichiura, 0,61% for Hookworm and mixed infection that were 1,23% for A.lumbricoides+T.trichiura 0,61%  for A.lumbricoides+Hookworm. The intensity of infection were in mild category. Total IgE level in Soil transmitted Helminthiasis group was significantly different compared with noninfected group (p<0.05, t-test). There was significant correlation between EPG and total IgE level (r=0.667, p=0.001, Spearman test). As a conclusion total IgE level was significantly correlated with EPG, this fact can be used to develop management of Soil Transmitted Helminthiasis theraphy.