IDENTIFICATION OF INFLUENZA VIRUSES IN HUMAN AND POULTRY IN THE AREA OF LARANGAN WET MARKET SIDOARJO-EAST JAVA, INDONESIA

Authors

  • Edith Frederika
    efrederika@yahoo.com
    Influenza Study Group - Institute of Tropical Disease, Universitas Airlangga
  • Aldise Mareta Influenza Study Group - Institute of Tropical Disease, Universitas Airlangga
  • Djoko Poetranto Influenza Study Group - Institute of Tropical Disease, Universitas Airlangga
  • Laksmi Wulandari RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya - Departement of Internal Medicine
  • Retno Asih Setyoningrum RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya - Departement of Internal Medicine
  • Lucia Landia Setyowati RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya - Departement of Internal Medicine
  • Resti Yudhawati RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya - Departement of Internal Medicine
  • Gatot Soegiarto RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya - Departement of Internal Medicine
  • Masaoki Yamaoka Cellaboration Research Center - Emerging Re-emerging Infeetions Disease, Institute of Tropical Disease, Universitas Airlangga - Kobe University Japan
October 1, 2013

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Background: Influenza is a viral infection that attacks the respiratory system (nose, throat, and lungs) that commonly known as “flu”. There are 3 types of influenza viruses, such as type A, type B, and type C. Influenza virus type A is the type of virus that can infect both human and animals, virus type B are normally found only in human, and Influenza virus type C can cause mild illness in human and not causing any epidemics or pandemics. Among these 3 types of influenza viruses, only influenza A viruses infect birds, particularly wild bird that are the natural host for all subtypes of influenza A virus. Generally, those wild birds do not get sick when they are infected with influenza virus, unlike chickens or ducks which may die from avian influenza. Aim: In this study, we are identifying the influenza viruses among poultry in Larangan wet market. Method: Around 500 kinds of poultry were examined from cloacal swab. Result: Those samples were restrained with symptoms of suspected H5. The people who worked as the poultry-traders intact with the animal everyday were also examined, by taking nasopharyngeal swab and blood serum. Conclusion: Identification of influenza viruses was obtained to define the type and subtype of influenza virus by PCR.