Publication Ethics

The Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease (IJTID) is a journal that aims to be a leading peer-reviewed platform and an authoritative source of information. We publish original research papers, review articles, and case studies focused on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases and control of infectious diseases, with particular emphasis placed on these diseases, as well as related topics that have neither been published elsewhere in any language nor are under review for publication anywhere. The following statement clarifies the ethical behavior of all parties involved in the act of publishing an article in this journal, including the author, the editor, the reviewer, and the publisher (Institute of Tropical Disease – Universitas Airlangga). This statement is based on COPE's Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors


Duties of Authors

1. Reporting Standards: Authors should present an accurate account of the original research performed and objectively discuss its significance. Researchers should honestly present their results without fabrication, falsification, or inappropriate data manipulation. A manuscript should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. Manuscripts should follow the submission guidelines of the journal.

2. Originality and Plagiarism: Authors must ensure that they have written entirely original work. The manuscript should not be submitted concurrently to more than one publication unless the editors have agreed to co-publication. Relevant previous work and publications, both by other researchers and the authors' own, should be appropriately acknowledged and referenced. The primary literature should be cited where possible. Original wording taken directly from publications by other researchers should appear in quotation marks with the appropriate citations.

3.   Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publications: The author should not concurrently submit the same manuscript to more than one journal. The author is also expected to not publish redundant manuscripts or manuscripts describing the same research in more than one journal. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Instead, multiple publications from a single research project should be identified, and the primary publication should be referenced.

4. Acknowledgement of Sources: Authors should acknowledge all sources of data used in the research and cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given.

5. Authorship of the Paper: The authorship of research publications should accurately reflect individuals' contributions to the work and its reporting. Authorship should be limited to those who have contributed significantly to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. In cases where major contributors are listed as authors, others who have made significant contributions must be listed as co-authors. In contrast, those who made less substantial or purely technical contributions to the research or the publication are listed in an acknowledgment section. Authors also ensure that all the authors have seen and agreed to the submitted version of the manuscript and their inclusion of names as co-authors.

6. Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. Authors should disclose all resources of financial support for the project.

7.   Fundamental Errors in Published Works: If the author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in the submitted manuscript, then the author should promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.

8. Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects: The author should identify in the manuscript if the work involves chemicals, procedures, or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use.


Duties of Editor

1. Publication Decisions: Based on the review report of the editorial board, the editor can accept, reject, or request modifications to the manuscript. The validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers must always drive such decisions. Editors may be guided by the journal's editorial board's policies and must comply with legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editors may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision. Editors must take responsibility for everything they publish and have procedures and policies in place to ensure the quality of the material they publish and maintain the integrity of the published record.

2. Review of Manuscripts: Editor must ensure that each manuscript is initially evaluated by the editor for originality. The editor should organize and use peer review fairly and wisely. Editors should explain their peer review processes in the information for authors and indicate which parts of the journal are peer-reviewed. The editor should use appropriate peer reviewers for papers considered for publication by selecting people with sufficient expertise and avoiding those with conflicts of interest.

3. Fairness: The editor must ensure that each manuscript received by the journal is reviewed for its intellectual content without regard to the sex, gender, race, religion, citizenship, etc., of the authors. An important part of the responsibility to make fair and unbiased decisions is the upholding of the principle of editorial independence and integrity. Editors are in a powerful position to make decisions on publications, which makes it very important that this process is as fair and unbiased as possible.

4. Confidentiality: The editor must ensure that information regarding manuscripts submitted by the authors is confidential. Editors should critically assess any potential data protection and patient confidentiality breaches, including requiring informed consent for the actual research presented and consent for publication where applicable.

5. Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest:The journal's editor will not use unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript for his research without the author's written consent. Editors should not be involved in decisions about papers in which they have a conflict of interest.


Duties of Reviewers

1. Confidentiality: Information regarding manuscripts submitted by authors should be kept confidential and treated as privileged information. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

2. Acknowledgement of Sources:Reviewers must ensure that authors have acknowledged all data sources used in the research. Reviewers should identify relevant published work that the authors have not cited. Any statement, derivation, or argument that had been reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. The reviewers should notify the journal immediately if they encounter irregularities, have concerns about ethical aspects of the work, are aware of substantial similarities between the manuscript and a concurrent submission to another journal or a published article, or suspect that misconduct may have occurred during either the research or the writing and submission of the manuscript. Reviewers should, however, keep their concerns confidential and not personally investigate further unless the journal asks for further information or advice.

3. Standards of Objectivity: The submitted manuscript must be reviewed objectively, and the reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments. The reviewers should follow the journals' instructions on the specific feedback required unless there are good reasons not to. The reviewers should be constructive in their reviews and provide feedback that will help the authors to improve their manuscript. The reviewer should make clear which suggested additional investigations are essential to support claims made in the manuscript under consideration and which will strengthen or extend the work.

4. Disclosure and Conflict of Interest: Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts with conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers. If they suspect the identity of the author(s) during a double-blind review, they should notify the journal if this knowledge creates a potential conflict of interest.

5. Promptness: The reviewers should respond in a reasonable period. The reviewers only agree to review a manuscript if they are reasonably confident they can return a review within the proposed or mutually agreed time frame, informing the journal promptly if they require an extension. For example, suppose a reviewer feels they cannot complete a manuscript review within the stipulated time. In that case, they must communicate this information to the editor to send the manuscript to another reviewer.