A STUDY OF CORRELATION BETWEEN AGENT, HOST, ENVIRONMENT AND VACCINE FACTORS WITH PREVALENCE OF RABIES IN INDONESIA 2015

Tyas Ika Budi Setyowati, Putri Bungsu Machmud

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/ijtid.v7i1.6556
Abstract views = 1107 times | downloads = 1059 times

Abstract


A zoonotic disease has been global threat related to health and one of them is rabies. More than 150 countries around the world has infected by rabies disease problem and the case fatality rate (CFR) reaches 100%, which there are 55,000 people died every year because of rabies. In Indonesia, there are 25 from 34 province, which has endemic of rabies disease. The purpose of this study is to know the correlation between the factors of the agent, host, and environment and also anti rabies vaccine with the prevalence of rabies in Indonesia at 2015. The study used correlation design which using Indonesian zoonotic reported data by Ministry of Health and also used other secondary data, which is provided by central bureau of statistic Indonesia (BPS).  The provinces that included in this study are the endemic provinces associated with the rabies incident that reported to Ministry of Health and have the completeness of data in 2015. A total of 22 provinces was included in this study, which only use Rabies cases from dog’s bite only. Rabies that source from others animal’s bite could not included in this study because of data limitations. This study used simple linear of regression statistical tests through provincial as unit analysis. The result of this study showed that there were correlations between agent that have positive specimens (r=0.606, P value =0.0003), status of working participation rate (r=0.435, P value 0.004) and also coverage of rabies vaccine (r=-0.567, P value =0.041) with the prevalence of rabies disease. In summary, there are a positive correlation between positive specimen of agent and also status of working participant rate with the prevalence of rabies disease. However, rabies vaccine coverage has negative correlation. Furthermore, there is no correlation between environment factors and prevalence of rabies disease in this study. It still need further research to be more research on a smaller level with variables that varied.


Keywords


rabies; agent; host; environment; ARV

Full Text:

PDF

References


Komisi Nasional Pengendalian Zoonosis. Laporan Nasional Komisi Nasional Pengendalian Zoonosis. 2012.

WHO. WHO Expert Consultation on Rabies. 2013.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Laporan Penelitian Situasi Dan Analisis Rabies. Jakarta: Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan RI; 2014.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Buku Profil Kesehatan Indonesia Tahun. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan RI; 2015.

Naipospos T. Vaksin Oral Rabies. Buletin Veterinae, Center For Indonesian Veterinary Analytical Studies. 2010;

Mills J. Ecologic Studies of Rodent Reservoirs: Their Relevance for Human Health. Emerg Infect Dis. 1998 Dec;4(4):529–37.

Kementrian Kesehatan RI. Buku Saku Petunjuk Teknis Penatalaksanaan Kasus Gigihtan Hewan Penular Rabies di Indonesia. Jakarta : Direktorat Jenderal Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Penyakit Tular Vektor dan Zoonotik; 2016.

Yibrah M, Damtie D. Incidence of human rabies exposure and associated factors at the Gondar Health Center, Ethiopia: a three-year retrospective study. Infect Dis Poverty. 2015;4(1):3.

Riabi HRA. A Three-year (2011–2013) Surveillance on Animal Bites and Victims Vaccination in the South of Khorasan-e-Razavi Province, Iran. J Clin DIAGNOSTIC Res. 2015;

Yao H-W, Yang Y, Liu K, Li X-L, Zuo S-Q, Sun R-X, et al. The Spatiotemporal Expansion of Human Rabies and Its Probable Explanation in Mainland China, 2004-2013. Rupprecht CE, editor. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015 Feb 18;9(2):e0003502.

Istri T, Cintya A, Puja IK, Kardena IM. Ekologi dan Demografi Anjing di Kecamatan Denpasar Timur. 2012;1(2):160–72.

Soeharsono. Penyakit Zoonotik pada Anjing dan Kucing. Yogyakarta : Kanisius; 2007.

Hampson K, Dobson A, Kaare M, Dushoff J, Magoto M, Sindoya E, et al. Rabies Exposures, Post-Exposure Prophylaxis and Deaths in a Region of Endemic Canine Rabies. Kieny MP, editor. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2008 Nov 25;2(11):e339.

Andresen M. An investigative study to develop an epidemiological description of reported dog bites that occurred in the five easternmost towns on long island, new york, during 1996 and 1997. 1999.

Lambert TL. Epidemiology of animal bites in the greater Dallas/Fort worth area, 1994-1998. 1999.

Tenzin, Dhand NK, Gyeltshen T, Firestone S, Zangmo C, Dema C, et al. Dog Bites in Humans and Estimating Human Rabies Mortality in Rabies Endemic Areas of Bhutan. Zinsstag J, editor. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2011 Nov 22;5(11):e1391.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease

View My Stats

IJTID Indexed by : 

        

 
IJTID (pISSN 2085-1103eISSN 2356-0991is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Institute of Tropical Disease - Airlangga University
Gedung Lembaga Penyakit Tropis Lt.1, Kampus C Universitas Airlangga
Jln. Mulyorejo Surabaya 60115, Indonesia
E-mail: ijtid@itd.unair.ac.id