PENGARUH STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN, PROFITABILITAS DAN UKURAN PERUSAHAAN TERHADAP PENGUNGKAPAN CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY

Dea Yovita Purnomo, Ari Prasetyo

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/vol8iss20212pp203-210

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Abstract


ABSTRAK

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh Struktur Kepemilikan, Profitabilitas dan Ukuran Perusahaan terhadap Corporate Social Responsibility. Teknik analisis yang dipilih merupakan analisis regresi data panel menggunakan Eviews 9,  pada 13 perusahaan yang terdaftar dalam Jakarta Islamic Index (JII) tahun 2015-2019 sebagai sampel dengan kriteria tertentu. Variabel struktur kepemilikan dibagi menjadi kepemilikan domestik dan asing yang diukur dengan presentase kepemilikan saham di perusahaan, profitabilitas dihitung dengan ROA, ukuran perusahaan diukur dengan ln (logaritma natural) total aset dan pengungkapan CSR dihitung menggunakan ISR dengan cara presentase pengungkapan perusahaan dibagi dengan jumlah maksimum pengungkapan tanggung jawab sosial. Hasil olah data menemukan secara statistik kepemilikan domestik memiliki hubungan negatif signifikan terhadap pengungkapan CSR. Ukuran perusahaan secara statistik memiliki hubungan positif signifikan terhadap pengungkapan CSR. Sebaliknya profitabilitas dan kepemilikan asing secara statistik memiliki hubungan positif tidak signifikan terhadap pengungkapan CSR. Secara simultan, hasil olah data menunjukkan bahwa struktur kepemilikan yang dibagi menjadi kepemilikan domestik dan asing, profitabilitas dan ukuran perusahaan berpengaruh terhadap pengungkapan CSR pada 13 perusahaan yang terdaftar di JII tahun 2015-2019.

Kata Kunci: Pengungkapan Corporate Social Responsibility, Ukuran Perusahaan, Islamic Social Reporting, Kepemilikan Asing, Kepemilikan Domestik, Pofitabilitas, Struktur Kepemilikan.

 

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of ownership structure, profitability, and firm size on corporate social responsibility. The analysis technique chosen is panel data regression analysis using Eviews 9, on 13 companies listed in the Jakarta Islamic Index (JII) 2015-2019 as samples with certain criteria. The variable of ownership structure divided into domestic and foreign ownership calculated using percentage of share ownership in the company, profitability is calculated by ROA, company size is calculated using ln (natural logarithm) total assets and CSR disclosure is calculated using ISR index by percentage of company disclosures divided by the number of social responsibility disclosures. The results of data processing found that statistically domestic ownership has a significant negative relationship to CSR disclosure. Firm size has a statistically significant positive relationship to CSR disclosure. On the other hand, profitability and foreign ownership have a statistically insignificant positive towards CSR disclosure. Simultaneously, the results show the ownership structure divided by domestic and foreign ownership, profitability and company size affects the CSR disclosure in 13 companies listed in JII 2015-2019.

Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure, Islamic Social Reporting, Ownership Structure, Domestik Ownership, Foreign Ownership, Profitability, Company Size.


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