Muhammad Mukhdor Al Faruq, Sri Adiningsih

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v10i2.117-122
Abstract views = 905 times | views = 6601 times


Teenagers swimming athlete has higher nutrient requirement than most teenagers with the same age to support  their growth and their sport activity. Swimming athletes are required to have good body composition for maximum performance. The aim of this research was to measure macronutrient consumption, percent body fat, and aerobic endurance of teenager swimming athlete. This research was an observational descriptive using cross-sectional study design with 23 swimming athletes who have minimum age of 10 years and having minimum one regency-stage
competition attended. The data collected by interviewer, include characteristics, food consumption by 2x24 hours food recall, body fat percentage by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis, and aerobic endurance by Critical Swim Speed Test. The result showed that energy intake was 2394.8 ± 780 kcal in male athlete and 2125.9 ± 336.6 kcal in female athlete,
protein consumption was 108.4 ± 38.5 gram in male athlete and 85.1 ± 23.9 gram in female athlete. Body fat was 17.8 ± 6.7% in male athlete and 24.1 ± 7.3% in female athlete and critical swim speed was 1.05 ± 0.17 m/s in male athlete and 1.06 ± 0.12 m/s in female athlete. It is concluded that energy intake and protein consumption had fulfi lled standard of swimmers need. Body fat level was higher than swimmers standard. The mean of CSS was 1,05 ± 0,15 m/s. Therefore, athlete should maintain their diet and increase their exercise.

Keywords: aerobic endurance, swimming athlete, energy intake, protein intake, body fat

Full Text:



Almatsier, S. (2009). Prinsip dasar ilmu gizi. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Anderson, M. (2006). Performance and physiological monitoring of highly trained swimmer (Unpublished master’s

thesis). University of Canberra, Canberra. Diakses dari http://www.canberra.edu.au/researchrepository/fi le/512ed824-1e84-7a35f153-d1f32b69f9ba/1/full_text.pdf

Antonio, J., Kalman, D., Stout, J.R., Greenwood, M., Willoughby, D.S., & Haff, G.G. (Eds.). (2009). Essentials of sports nutrition and

supplements. USA: Humana Press.

Burke, L., Deakin, V. (2010). Clinical sport nutrition. Australia: McGraw-Hill.

Faruq, M.M.A. 2015. Hubungan pola konsumsi dan persen lemak tubuh dengan performa atlet renang (Skripsi yang tidak dipublikasikan).

Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya.

Ferreira, N.d.C., Schitscherbyna, A., Soares, E.A., & Ribeiro, B.G. (2012). Disordered eating among adolescent female swimmers:

dietary, biochemical, and body composition factors. Nutrition, 29(1), 172-177. Diakses dari http://www.nutritionjrnl.com/article/S08999007(12)00268-7/abstract

Gatta, G., Cortesi, M., Fantozzi, S., & Zamparo, P. (2015). Planimetric frontal area in the four swimming strokes: implication for drag, energetic and speed. Human Movement Science,

, 41-54. Diakses dari http://www.sciencedirect. com/science/article/pii/S0167945714001754

Ginn, E. (1993). Critical speed and training intensities for swimming. Australia: Australian Sports Commission.

Giriwijoyo, H. Y. S., Sidik, D. Z. (2012). Ilmu kesehatan olahraga. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

Indrawati, D. (2014). Hubungan tingkat konsumsi dan pengeluaran energi dengan komposisi tubuh pada atlet remaja persani Jatim (Skripsi yang tidak dipublikasikan). Universitas Airlangga,


Irianto, D.P. (2007). Panduan gizi lengkap keluarga dan olahragawan. Yogyakarta: CV Andi.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2013). Pedoman gizi olahraga prestasi. Jakarta: Bina Gizi dan KIA.

Komite Olahraga Nasional Indonesia. (2013). Grand strategi pembangunan olahraga prestasi nasional 2014-2024. Jakarta: PT Gramedia.

Komite Olahraga Nasional Indonesia. (2014). Analisis kekuatan, tantangan, peluang dan strategi indonesia menyongsong multi ajang.

Jakarta: PT Gramedia.

Mackenzie, B. (2003). Critical swim speed. Diakses dari http://www.brianmac.co.uk/css.htm Maughan, R.J. (2000). Nutrition in sport volume VII of encyclopaedia of sport medicine. Oxford:

Blackwell Science.

McLeod, I. (2010). Swimming anatomy. USA: Humana Kinetics.

National Eating Disorders Collaboration. (2014). Eating disorders are serious mental illnesses. Diakses dari http://www.nedc.com.au/.

Pařízková, J. (2014). Fatness and fi tness related to exercise in normal and obese children and adolescents. Journal of King Saud UniversityScience, 26, 245–253. Diakses dari http://



Williams, M. H. (2007). Nutrition for health, fi tness & sport (8th

Ed.). New York: The McGrawHill


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Media Gizi Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.




 In Collaboration

View MGI Stats