Relationship between Characteristics of Breastfeeding Mother with Exclusive Breastfeeding in Leran Village Kalitidu District Bojonegoro Regency

exclusive breastfeeding mother’s age mother’s education mother’s occupation parity.

Authors

  • Ana Istighfarisma
    anaistighfarisma@gmail.com
    Departemen Epidemiologi, Biostatistika dan Kependudukan, dan Promosi Kesehatan dan Ilmu Perilaku, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga, Kampus C Mulyorejo, 60115, Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8291-8082
  • Shintia Yunita Arini Departemen Kesehatan dan Keselamatan Kerja, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga,Kampus C Mulyorejo, 60115, Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia
  • Anggara Widyartanto Departemen Kesehatan Lingkungan, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga, Kampus C Mulyorejo, 60115, Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia
  • Banatul Lariza Departemen Kesehatan Lingkungan, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga, Kampus C Mulyorejo, 60115, Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia
  • Hidayatul Rulling Amanda Sari Departemen Epidemiologi, Biostatistika dan Kependudukan, dan Promosi Kesehatan dan Ilmu Perilaku, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga, Kampus C Mulyorejo, 60115, Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia
20 November 2021

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ABSTRACT

Background: Breast milk (ASI) is a liquid created specifically that comes directly from the breast of a mother for babies and is the best food for babies especially aged 0-6 months. Factors that influence exclusive breastfeeding to mothers include maternal sociodemographic factors, pre/post natal factors, and psychosocial factors. Bojonegoro Regency is one of the regions in Indonesia that has quite good exclusive breastfeeding coverage in 2018 to reach 87%. However, there are still a number of sub-districts and public health service in Bojonegoro that have not been able to reach the target of breastfeeding coverage by the Ministry of Health in 2015, one of them is Leran Village, Kalitidu District, Bojonegoro Regency.

Objective: This study determined the relation between characteristics of breastfeeding mothers consisting of age, education, occupation, and parity with exclusive breastfeeding in Leran Village, Kalitidu District, Bojonegoro Regency.

Methods: The method is observational type and analytic descriptive which uses cross sectional approach. Variables studies had a relationship with exclusive breastfeeding if p < 0,05.

Result: As many as 56% of mothers do not give exclusive breastfeeding. Most of the mothers who do not provide exclusive breastfeeding have low education (78,6%), aged 36-45 years (57,1%), are housewives (64,3%), and multiparous (50%). Statistical analysis showed no relation to the variables age (p=0,099), occupation (p=0,165), parity (p=0,208) with exclusive breastfeeding. While the education (p=0,003) have a relation with exclusive breastfeeding.

Conclusion: The conclusion of this study is that there is no relation between age, occupation, and parity of mothers with exclusive breastfeeding. However, there is a relation between mother’s education and exclusive breastfeeding

Keywords: exclusive breastfeeding, mother’s age, mother’s education, mother’s occupation, parity