The Relationship between Environmental Factors and the Incidence of Diarrhea in Toddlers in Java Island (2017 IDHS Data Analysis)

Toddler diarrhea IDHS environmental factors


30 November 2023
Photo by Mi Pham


Background: Toddler diarrhea is still a problem both globally and in Indonesia. Diarrhea remains one of the main causes of death among children under five. Environmental factors are one of the factors that can influence the incidence of toddler diarrhea.

Objectives: To determine the relationship between environmental factors including sources of drinking water, toilet facilities and hand washing facilities in affecting the incidence of diarrhea in children under five in Java Island.

Methods: This study uses a cross-sectional research design. The data used comes from the 2017 Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS).. The study population was children under five in all provinces on the island of Java. The analytical method used is multivariate analysis with logistic regression.

Result: There is a significant effect between the variable sources of drinking water (OR=2.188), toilet facilities (OR=1.848), and hand washing facilities (OR=2.040) with toddler diarrhea.

Conclusion: Environmental factors, namely sources of drinking water, toilet facilities, and hand washing facilities, affect the incidence of toddler diarrhea on the island of Java.