Howe’s dental cast analysis of students at the University of Sumatera Utara

Hilda Fitria Lubis, Tiopan Beltsazar Sinurat

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/j.djmkg.v53.i3.p149-152
Abstract views = 363 times | downloads = 181 times

Abstract


Background: Cast analysis is the measurement of the upper and lower arch in a 3-dimensional occlusal relationship. Howe’s Analysis can be used to observe total tooth material, arch length, and basal arch width. Howe’s Analysis was conducted to analyse abnormalities of both teeth and the jaw to help diagnose and plan dental care. Purpose: To analyse the difference in total tooth material, arch length, basal arch width, and Howe’s Index between male and female undergraduate students from the University of Sumatera Utara who are of Proto-Malay origin. Methods: Ninety-six samples comprised of 48 male and 48 female students were recruited through the purposive sampling method. All samples were undergraduate students at the University of Sumatera Utara and of Proto-Malay origin, aged between 18 to 26, and have met the exclusion and inclusion criteria. We measured the variables using a digital caliper to measure basal arch width and arch length and Moorrees’ method to measure total tooth material. Data were analysed statistically using an independent t-test to compare means between groups (p<0.05). Results: The male samples’ average value of total tooth material 98.49 mm±3.79, arch length 45.55 mm±2.28, basal arch width 41.07 mm±2.83, and Howe’s Index were 41.71 %±2.63, respectively. The female samples had a lower value compared to the male samples, 94.51 mm, 43.27 mm, 36.89 mm, and 39.05 % respectively. There was a significant difference in the total tooth material, arch length, basal arch width, and Howe’s Index between male and female undergraduate students from the University of Sumatera Utara of Proto-Malay origin (p=0.001; p<0.05). Conclusion: The average measurement of total tooth material, arch length, basal arch width, and Howe’s Index was higher in male than female undergraduate students from the University of Sumatera Utara of Proto-Malay origin.

Keywords


Howe’s Analysis; Howe’s Index; orthodontics; Proto-Malay

Full Text:

PDF

References


Patel D, Mehta F, Patel N, Mehta N, Trivedi I, Mehta A. Evaluation of arch width among Class I normal occlusion, Class II Division 1, Class II Division 2, and Class III malocclusion in Indian population. Contemp Clin Dent. 2015; 6: S202–9.

Eunike E. Howes’ analysis measurement of Rumah Sakit Gigi dan Mulut Maranatha Bandung patients. J Med Heal. 2017; 1(6): 540–7.

Goenharto S, Rusdiana E, Khairyyah IN. Comparison between removable and fixed orthodontic retainers. J Vocat Heal Stud. 2017; 1(2): 87.

Erliera, Alamsyah RM, Harahap NZ. The relationship between nutritional status and crowding of Junior High School Students in Medan Baru. Dentika Dent J. 2015; 18(3): 242–6.

Wahyuningsih S, Hardjono S, Suparwitri S. Perawatan maloklusi Angle Klas I dengan gigi depan crowding berat dan cross bite menggunakan teknik begg pada pasien dengan kebersihan mulut buruk. Maj Kedokt Gigi Indones. 2014; 21(2): 2014–211.

Graber L, Vanarsdall R, Vig K. Orthodontics: current principles and techniques. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Mosby; 2012. p. 4–5.

Kurniawan I, Soeria Soemantri ES, Evangelina IA. Dental arch symmetry analysis in orthodontic treatment. Padjadjaran J Dent. 2008; 20(2): 89–94.

Gupitasari A, Heriniyati, Putri LSDA. The prevalence of bad habits as the etiology of Angle’s Class I malocclusion in Orthodontic Clinic Dental Hospital Jember University 2015-2016. e-Jurnal Pustaka Kesehat. 2018; 6(2): 365–70.

Moyers RE. Handbook of orthodontics. 4th ed. Chicago: Year Book Medical Publishers; 1988. p. 228–33.

Singh G. Textbook of orthodontics. 2nd ed. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publisher; 2007. p. 84–8, 162–4.

Proffit WR, Fields HW, Sarver DM. Contemporary orthodontics. 5th ed. St Louis-Missouri: Mosby Elsevier; 2013. p. 1–10.

Indirayana VP, Gayatri G, Zenab NRY. A comparison between orthodontic model analysis using conventional methods and iModelAnalysis. Dent J (Majalah Kedokt Gigi). 2018; 51(4): 173–8.

Pawar RL, Jayade VP. Reliability of various study model indices in an adult population of North Karnataka. J Indian Orthod Soc. 2013; 47(4): 443–51.

Govindaraj A, Kumar SA, Srirengalakshmi M. Reliability of Ashley Howe’s analysis in South Indian population. Drug Invent Today. 2019; 11(2): 413–8.

Burris BG, Harris EF. Maxillary arch size and shape in American blacks and whites. Angle Orthod. 2000; 70(4): 297–302.

Rieuwpassa IE, Toppo S, Haerawati SD. Difference of size and shape of dental arch between male and female of Buginese, Makassarese, and Toraja. J Dentomaxillofacial Sci. 2012; 11(3): 156–60.

Azlan A, Mardiati E, Evangelina IA. A gender-based comparison of intermolar width conducted at Padjajaran University Dental Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia. Dent J (Majalah Kedokt Gigi). 2019; 52(4): 168–71.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


View My Stats