The discourse of NKRI (The Unitary State Republic of Indonesia) and caliphate in the Indonesian context

Siti Kholifah

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/mkp.V33I32020.299-308

Abstract views = 3050 times | downloads = 2037 times

Abstract


This study’s primary focus is to examine the discourse of the NKRI (Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia) and that of the caliphate that has been developing on social media. It involves essential issues because Indonesia’s state and religion have had a dynamic relationship since the New Order era. The debatable issue related to the state and religion shows that religion is a crucial subject used to maintain the state. As a state, Indonesia emphasizes multicultural values; however, some people or organizations have an intolerance of Indonesia’s plurality promoted on social media. Using Foucault’s theory on discourse, power, and knowledge, this study was conducted by applying big data to Social Network Analysis (SNA) through the netlytic program. Big data is a new method developed to analyze the social phenomena that happen in the digital era. This study examines the assumption that the discourse of the NKRI is not a single discourse in the Indonesian context. It is in addition to the caliphate’s discourse, although the NKRI is still the dominant discourse. The debatable issue within the discourse of the NKRI and the caliphate is related to dynamic religious organizations that are not based on cultural values. They tend to be either puritan (seeking to purify the doctrine) or radical. This situation is also related to the political context where the caliphate’s discourse is developing related to Jakarta’s local election. There is also the issue of the religious defamation conducted by Basuki Tjahaja Purnama (Ahok). This situation explains the increase in Islamic political roles that are not affected by the sociological context. The roles are more impacted by political elites who are using religion as a political vehicle.

Keywords


discourse; NKRI; caliphate; social media

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahnaf MI (2009) Between revolution and reform: The future of Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia. Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict 2 (2):69-85. https://doi.org/10.1080/17467580902822163.

Al-Rasheed M, Kersten C, & Shterin M (2012) Demystifying The Caliphate. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ball S (1990) Introducing Monsieur Foucault. In: Ball S (ed). Foucault and Education: Disciplines and Knowledge. London and New York: Routledge.

Baran Z (2004) Hizbut-Tahrir: Islam’s Political Insurgency. Washington: Nixon.

Bourchier DM (2019) Two decades of ideological contestation in Indonesia: From democratic cosmopolitanism to religious nationalism. Journal of Contemporary Asia 49 (5):713-733. https://doi.org/10.1080/00472336.2019.1590620.

Debora Y (2016) Kronologi kasus dugaan penistaan agama. [Accessed 18 March 2017]. https://tirto.id/kronologi-kasus-dugaan-penistaan-agama-b457.

EMC Education Service (2015) Data Science and Big Data Analytics: Discovering, Analyzing, Visualizing and Presenting Data. Indianapolis: Wiley.

Fajerial E (2016) Ahok diperiksa Bareskrim, Hizbut Tahrir bereaksi, Tempo, 7 November. [Accessed 18 March 2017]. https://nasional.tempo.co/read/818219/ahok-diperiksa-bareskrim-hizbut-tahrir-bereaksi/full&view=ok.

Foucault M (1980) Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972-1977. Suffolk: The Harvester Press.

Foucault M (1988a) Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason. New York: Vintage Books.

Foucault M (1988b) Politics, Philosophy, Culture: Interviews and Other Writings, 1977-1984. New York: Routledge.

Golder SA & Macy MW (2014) Digital footprints: Opportunities and challenges for online social research. Annual Review of Sociology 40 (2014):129-152. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-071913-043145.

Hadiz VR (2011) Indonesian political Islam: Capitalist development and the legacies of the cold war. Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs 30 (1):3-38. https://doi.org/10.1177/186810341103000101.

Haryatmoko H (2016) Membongkar Rezim Kepastian: Pemikiran Kritis Post-Strukturalis. Yogyakarta: PT Kanisius.

Huntington SP (1996) The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. London & Sydney: Simon & Schuster.

Joebagio H (2016) Membaca politik Islam pasca reformasi. Jurnal Agastya 6 (1):1-8. http://doi.org/10.25273/ajsp.v6i01.867.

Laney D (2001) 3D data management: Controlling data volume, velocity and variety. META Group Research Note 6 (2001):70-73.

Liddle RW (1997) Islam, Politik dan Modernisasi. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan.

Mueller AG (2008) The image of the other as enemy: A case study of Islamic fundamentalism and the “context of conflict” in Indonesia. Review of Communication 8 (2):123-126. https://doi.org/10.1080/15358590701772275.

Muhtadi B (2009) The quest for Hizbut Tahrir in Indonesia. Asian Journal of Social Science 37 (4):623-645. https://doi.org/10.1163/156853109X460219.

Mujahiduddin (2013) Menakar komitmen peaceful way Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia dalam konsolidasi demokrasi. Jurnal Ma’arif Insitute 8 (2):55-71.

Munabari F (2017) Reconciling sharia with “Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia”: The ideology and framing strategies of the Indonesian forum of Islamic society (FUI). International Area Studies Review 20 (3):242-263. https://doi.org/10.1177/2233865917699066.

Osman MNM (2010) Reviving the Caliphate in the Nusantara: Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia’s mobilization strategy and its impact in Indonesia. Terrorism and Political Violence 22 (4):601-622. https://doi.org/10.1080/09546553.2010.496317.

Pozzi FA, Fersini E, Messina E, & Liu B (2016) Sentiment Analysis in Social Network. Cambridge, MA: Morgan Kaufman.

Richey MK & Binz M (2015) Open source collection methods for identifying radical extremists using social media. International Journal of Intelligence and Counter Intelligence 28 (2):347-364. https://doi.org/10.1080/08850607.2014.962374.

Shilpa & Kaur M (2013) Big data and methodology-a review. International Journal of Advance Research in Computer Science and Sofware Engineering 3 (10):991-995.

Supriyadi C (2015) Relasi Islam dan negara: Wacana Keislaman dan Keindonesiaan. Kalimah: Jurnal Studi Agama dan Pemikiran Islam 13 (1):199-221.

van Bruinessen M (1996) Islamic State or State Islam? Fifty Years of State-Islam Relations in Indonesia. In: Wessel I (ed). Indonesien am Ende des 20: Jahrhunderts. Hamburg: Abera-Verlag.

van Bruinessen M (2002) Genealogies of islamic radicalism in Post-Suharto Indonesia. South East Asia Research 10 (2):117-154. https://doi.org/10.5367/000000002101297035.

Yusainy C, Kholifah S, & Chawa AF (2017) Social data analytics sebagai metode alternatif dalam riset psikologi. Buletin Psikologi 25 (2): 67-75. https://doi.org/10.22146/buletinpsikologi.27751.

Zada K (2002) Islam Radikal: Pergulatan Ormas-ormas Islam Garis Keras di Indonesia. Jakarta: Teraju.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik

Indexing by:

     

 

      

       

View MKP Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License