Women’s subordination in premarital pregnancy

Ni Made Tantri Chandra, Emy Susanti, Karen Mwende Kinuthia

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/mkp.V33I32020.238-247

Abstract views = 1083 times | downloads = 1026 times

Abstract


The presence of patriarchal culture can be found in most regions of Indonesia, including Bali. The patriarchal culture in Bali tends to be more rigid because of the Balinese belief that any offspring, especially men, will not only continue the responsibilities of the parents in terms of the social life of the community; however, they also expected to carry out the ceremonies of death for their parents. They are trusted to help their parents reach the creator easily. The Balinese culture has been dominated by patriarchy for a long time and has continued developing to this day. Patriarchal power is increasingly persistent when it comes to power in Bali. As a result, women in Bali are still considered subordinate creatures under the patriarchy’s control and bondage. The phenomenon of premarital pregnancy in Bali is a reflection of the new way that men dominate women. The approach used in this study is Michel Foucault’s theory of power. The method used was qualitative research with in-depth interviews with 18 informants who were native Balinese. This research was conducted in Denpasar, Singaraja, and Badung City. The results of this study found that the social reality of premarital pregnancy in the urban areas of Bali’s Island is inseparable from the influence of the social discourse behind the apparent reality. The discourse then obtains the legitimacy of truth from the family and produces new knowledge to believe the truth. In this social reality, premarital pregnancy has made Balinese women significantly disadvantaged and increasingly subordinated.


Keywords


patriarchy; power; women, premarital pregnancy

Full Text:

PDF

References


Atmaja J (2008) Bias Gender: Perkawinan Terlarang pada Masyarakat Bali. Denpasar: Udayana University Press.

Bhawono SA (2016) Forgiveness pada wanita yang mempunyai anak diluar nikah. Dissertation, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta.

Bhasin K (1996) Menggugat Patriarki Pengantar tentang Persoalan Dominasi terhadap Kaum Perempuan. Yogyakarta: Yayasan Bentang Budaya.

Budawati NN, Sudantra IK, Anggreni LP, & van Bemmelen ST (2012) Payung Hukum Adat untuk Keluarga Bali. Denpasar: LBH APIK & KIAS.

Budiarta IW (2013) Penerapan pendekatan belajar Catur Asrama melalui taksonomi Tri Kaya Parisudha Dalama PKN: Studi Quasi Experiment terhadap peningkatan kompetensi kewarganegaraan siswa SMA Negeri di Kota Singaraja. Dissertation, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung.

Foucault M (1972) The Archeology of Knowledge. London: Routledge.

Foucault M (2002) Kegilaan dan Peradaban. Yogyakarta: Ikon Teralitera.

Foucault M (2009) Pengetahuan & Metode: Karya-karya Penting Foucault. Yogyakarta & Bandung: Jalasutra.

Hardiyanta PS (1997) Michel Foucault, Disiplin Tubuh, Bengkel Individu Modern. Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Jatiningsih O (2017) Wacana gender dalam praktik pendidikan calon guru di UNESA dalam perspektif Foucault. Dissertation. Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya.

Kali A (2013) Diskursus Seksualitas Michel Foucault. Maumere: Ledalero.

Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan (2014) Pendidikan Agama Hindu dan Budi Pekerti. Jakarta: Kemendikbud.

Malik D, Astuti AB, & Yulianti NR (2015) Pengalaman hidup remaja yang hamil di luar nikah (Studi fenomenologi di Desa Baru, Kecamatan Ibu Halmahera Barat). Cakrawala: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial 4 (2):259-282.

Makaudze G (2015) Sex and the female body in Shona society. The Journal of Pan African Studies 7 (8):140-153.

Rahmawati NN (2016) Perempuan Bali dalam pergulatan gender (Kajian budaya, tradisi, dan Agama Hindu). Jurnal Studi Kultural 1 (1): 58-64.

Saraswaty R (2013) Pre Eleminary Study Terkait Pilihan Perempuan Bali untuk Hamil Sebelum Menikah atau Sesudah Menikah. Bali: Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas Udayana.

Sarup M (2011) Poststrukturalisme dan Postmodernisme. Yogyakarta: Jalasutra.

Sultana A (2012) Patriarchy and women’s subordination: A theoretical analysis. The Arts Faculty Journal:1-18. https://doi.org/10.3329/afj.v4i0.12929.

Tong RP (2006) Feminist Thought: A More Comprehensive Introduction. Yogyakarta & Bandung: Jalasutra.

Windia WP (2015) Mapandik Orang Biasa Kawin Biasa Cara Biasa di Bali. Denpasar: Udayana University Press.

Windia WP (2016) Perkawinan pada Gelahang di Bali. Denpasar: Udayana University Press.

Wiradnyana K (2018) Michel Foucault: Arkeologi Pengetahuan dan Pengetahuan Arkeologi.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik

Indexing by:

     

 

      

       

View MKP Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License