Agama dan kekerasan anti-Cina pada masa transisi demokrasi Indonesia, 1997-2004

Laila Kholid Alfirdaus

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/mkp.V28I12015.20-32
Abstract views = 624 times | views = 347 times

Abstract


In the discussions of anti-Chinese phenomena in Indonesian transition in 1997-2004, religion appears less dominating in regard of economic and political factors of ethnicity. In scientific works, the perception of antiChinese violence was also dominated by the views of politics and economy. In fact, religion also plays crucial role in many cases, ranging from the issue of Chinese infidelity, anti-Islamism and atheism. This is not to argue that politics, economy and social is not important. Otherwise, this paper argues that religion is equally important as politic, economic and social analysis, especially to explain anti-Chinese violence in Indonesia.


Keywords


religious conflict, identity, Chinese ethnic, pribumi

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adam AW (2003) The Chinese in the collective memory of the Indonesian nation. Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia 3(2):1-7.

Alfirdaus L (2011) Diskriminasi Etnis Thionghoa dalam Penanganan Paska Bencana, Studi Kasus Padang Paska Bencana Gempa 2009. Research Report, Disaster and Religion, CRCS, UGM, Yogyakarta.

Ali M (2007) Chinese Muslims in colonial and postcolonial Indonesia. Explorations (Special Edition: Islam in Southeast Asia) 7(2):1-22.

Steenbrink K & Aritonang J (2008) A History of Christianity in Indonesia. Leiden: Brill.

Brown C (2003) A Short History of Indonesia: The Unlikely Nation? Allen & Unwin: Sydney.

Cady L & Simon S (eds) (2007) Religion and Conflict in South and Southeast Asia: Disrupting Violence. Routledge: New York.

Chandra S (1999) Colonial Policy, Wage Inequality, and the Birth of Nationalism: The Case of the Dutch East Indies, paper presented in the Asia-Pacific and History series at the University of Pittsburgh and the Annual Meetings of the Association for Asian Studies in Boston.

Chua C (2004) Defining Indonesian Chineseness under the new order. Journal of Contemporary Asia 34(4):465-479.

Collins EF (2002) Indonesia: A vilent culture? Asian Survey 42(4):582-605.

Cribb R (1990) The Indonesia Killing 1965-1966: Studies from Java and Bali. CSEAS-Monash University: Clayton.

Hefner R (1993) Politics and Social Identity: The 1965-66 Violence and its Aftermath. In The Political Economy of Mountain Java: An Interpretive History, University of California Press, Berkeley.

Hoon C (2006) Reconceptualizing Ethnic Chinese Identity in Post Suharto Indonesia. Dissertation, Discipline of Asian Studies, School of Social and Cultural Studies, The University of Western Australia, Perth.

Juergensmeyer M (2000) Terror in the Mind of God: the Global Rise of Religious Violence. University of California Press: Berkeley.

Panggabean SR & Smith B (2011) Explaining anti-Chinese riots in late 20th century Indonesia. world development 39(2):231–242.

Purdey J (2002) Anti-Chinese violence in Indonesia, 1996-1999. Dissertation, Department of History and Melbourne Institute of Asian Languages and Societies, Faculty of Arts, The University of

Melbourne, Melbourne.

Purdey J (2005) Anti-Chinese Violence in Indonesia 1996–1999. KITLV Press, Leiden.

Reid A (2009) Escaping the Burdens of Chineseness. Asian Ethnicity 10(3):285-296.

Rissakota BA (2012) Class Discussion of ―History of Religions in Indonesia‖, 12 March.

Ricklefs MC (2001) A History of Modern Indonesia, Since c.1200. Palgrave: Hampshire.

Siet LS (2011) Memoar AJ Liem Sioe Siet: Seorang yang Selalu Mengikuti ―Suara Hati‖-nya. Yogyakarta: Universitas Atma Jaya.

Susanto A (2011) Diversity in Compliance: Yogyakarta Chinese and the New Order Assimilation Policy. In Marleen D, Juliette K, and Peter P (Eds). Chinese Indonesians and Regime Change. Leiden: Brill.

Turner S (2003) Setting the scene: Speaking out, Chinese Indonesians after Suharto. Asian Ethnicity 4(3):337-352.

Turner S & Allen P (2007) Chinese Indonesians in a rapidly changing nation: Pressures of ethnicity and identity. Asia Pacific Viewpoint 48(1):112–127.

Vickers A (2005) A History of Modern Indonesia. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

Wibowo I (2001) Exit, voice, and loyalty: Indonesian Chinese after the fall of Soeharto. Sojourn: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia 16(1):125-146.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2015 Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik

Indexing by:

     

     

       

View MKP Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License