The decrease of simultaneous local election voter turnout in the Lamongan District

Ali Sahab

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/mkp.V31I22018.201-217
Abstract views = 42 times | views = 36 times

Abstract


Voter turnout in local elections (pilkada) is a participation indicator. The local election in 2015 was different from the local elections pre-2015, as the local election in 2015 was held simultaneously. Regional electoral commissions (KPUD) gave candidates campaign facilities like posters, banners, and debates with the other candidates on local television. This socialisation was expected to increase voter turnout. The purpose of this research to ascertain the level of voter turnout in the local election held in 2015 in Lamongan, and whether it is increasing or declining.KPUD has a new role not only to do with socialisation, but KPUD must also print campaign props in line with the fairness principles. The research methods used in this study were a survey and multistage random sampling for the sampling technique. The voter turnout in the 2015 local election was just 60.47% lower than the voter turnout of the 2014 legislative election(Pileg) that reached 71%. In the local election, the emotional bond between the voters and candidates is more powerful than that in a legislative
election, but in the Lamongan local election 2015, it was not positively correlated. There are two main factors that influence the decrease of voter turnout. First, is the material orientation of the voters (sangu). If they do not get“Sangu”, they will not vote and they prefer to work in the fields. Voters thought that leaving their job for the election should get them substitution money. Second, was the indication of cartel politics, embracing all political parties in Lamongan Regency, for them to support the same candidate who was still on duty, namely Fadeli, and two other candidates. The level of voter turnout is influenced by the material orientation of the voters and cartel politics.


Keywords


incumbent; Lamongan district; local election (Pilkada) 2015; political cartel; voter turnout

Full Text:

PDF

References


Burnham WD (1965) The changing shape of the American political universe. American Political Science Review, 59 (1):7-28.

Capron H & Kruseman JL (1988) Is political rivalry an incentive to vote?. Public Choice, 56 (1):31-43.

Colomer JM (1991) Benefits and costs of voting. Electoral Studies, 10 (4):313-325.

Detterbeck K (2005) Cartel parties in Western Europe?. Party Politics, 11 (2):173-191.

Downs A (1957) An Economic Theory of Democracy in The Basic Logic of Voting. New York: Harper & Row Publishers.

Dittrich K & Johansen LN (1983) Voting turnout in Europe, 1945-78: Myths and realities. In: H Daadler & P Mair (eds). Western European party systems (pp. 95-114). London: Sage.

Foster CB (1983) The performance of rational voter models in recent presidential elections. American Political Science Review, 78 (3):678-690.

Franklin MN (2004) Voter Turnout and Dynamics of Electoral Competition in Established Democracies since 1945.

Gray M & Caul M (2000) Declining voter turnout in advanced industrial democracies, 1950 to 1997: The effects of declining group mobilization. Comparative political studies, 33 (9):1091-1122.

Jackman RW (1987) Political institutions and voter turnout in the industrial democracies. American Political Science Review, 81 (2):405-423.

Katz RS (2001) The problem of candidate selection and models of party democracy. Party politics, 7 (3):277-296.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik

Indexing by:

     

     

       

 

View MKP Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License