The role of women in security Indonesian women peacekeepers in the UNIFIL: Challenges and opportunities

Rany Purnama Hadi, Sartika Soesilowati

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/mkp.V31I42018.380-388
Abstract views = 236 times | views = 672 times

Abstract


Following Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000), the United Nations arranged mandates on women, peace and security (WPS) in order to address the equality between men and women, in order to allow them to actively participate in managing world security and peace. The purpose of this mandate was to give women the same opportunities, protection, access to resources and services, as well as right to participation in decision-making, as an attempt to achieve and sustain peace and security. In 2014, women constituted 3% of the UN’s military personnel and 10% of the police personnel out of the total number of UN peacekeepers from 123 countries, including Indonesia. In Lebanon, one of the areas focused on by UN peacekeeping missions, Indonesia currently deploys the largest peacekeeping personnel of up to 1,296 individuals, of which 24 are women. This number constitutes 5% of Indonesia’s total peacekeepers on the UN’s mission. Using the qualitative approach method through collecting secondary data, this paper aims to examine the participation of Indonesian women peacekeepers, particularly in UNIFIL, in relation to helping, protecting and supporting women and girls as the victims of war based on the feminist point of view. It was found that Indonesian women peacekeepers provide a tremendous contribution to the effectiveness of the UN’s peacekeeping operations. Women can provide softer approaches toward war victims and help to promote peace in the region. This shows that women still have not had much opportunity to prove their abilities in battle. Therefore, improvement is needed in order to increase the Indonesian women’s peacekeeper role in peacekeeping operations.


Keywords


gender; women peacekeeper; security; peace; equality; war; conflict

Full Text:

PDF

References


ANTARA News (2012) Ibu Negara Lebanon puji Kontingen Garuda Indonesia. Oktober 10. [Accessed September 2, 2016]. http://www.antaranews.com/berita/337997/ibu-negara-lebanon-pujikontingen-garuda-indonesia.

BBC Indonesia (2014) Komandan Wanita Pertama Pasukan Perdamaian PBB. Mei 13. [Accessed Oktober 2, 2016]. www.bbc.com/indonesia/dunia/2014/05/140513_pbb_pasukan_wanita.

Bendix D & Stanley R (2008) Engendering security sector reform: Where to from here?. Security and Peace 26 (1):44-48.

CNN Indonesia (2016) Prajurit Wanita TNI Terima Penghargaan Internasional. Maret 9. [Accessed September 2, 2016]. http://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20160309144059-20-116395/

prajurit-wanita-tni-terima-penghargaan-internasional/.

DCAF (2011) Gender and Security Sector Reform: Examples from the Ground. Paper compilation, Geneva: DCAF.

Detik News (2014) Kisah Tentara Wanita yang Menjadi Pasukan Perdamaian PBB. Desember 11. [Accessed September 2, 2016]. http://news.detik.com/berita/2774160/kisah-tentara-wanitayang-menjadi-pasukan-perdamaian-pbb.

Hudson NF (2005) En-gendering UN peacekeeping operations. International Journal 60 (3):785-807.

Jakarta Globe Berita Satu (2012) Indonesia Wants More Female UN Peacekeepers. March 23. [Accessed September 2, 2016]. http://jakartaglobe.beritasatu.com/archive/indonesia-wantsmore-female-un-peacekeepers/.

Jimenez X (2012) Gender Perspective in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations. Pedagogical and teaching document, Williamsburg: Peace Operations Training Institute.

Kementerian Luar Negeri Indonesia (2015) Peraturan Menteri Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia Nomor 05 Tahun 2015 Tentang Peta Jalan Visi 4000 Personel Pemelihara Perdamaian 2015-2019. Berita Negara Republik Indonesia, Jakarta: Kementerian Luar Negeri Indonesia. [Accessed September 26, 2016].

Lyytikäinen M (2007) Gender Training for Peacekeepers: Preliminary overview of United Nations peace support operations. Gender, Peace & Security Working Paper 4, UN-INSTRAW.

Moningkey MS (2016) TNI AU: Empat Medali Emas UNIFIL bagi Indonesia. Agustus 4. [Accessed September 2, 2016]. https://tni-au.mil.id/pustaka/empat-medali-emas-unifl-bagi-indonesia.

Norville V (2011) The Role of Women in Global Security. Special Report 264, United States Institute of Peace.

Sjoberg L (2010) Gender and International Security: Feminist perspectives. London and New York: Routledge.

TNI AD (2016) Prajurit Wanita TNI Kontingen Garuda 2016 Rayakan Hari Wanita Sedunia di Lebanon. Maret. [Accessed September 2, 2016]. http://www.tniad.mil.id/index.php/2016/03/

prajurit-wanita-tni-kontingen-garuda-2016-rayakan-hari-wanita-sedunia-di-lebanon/.

UN OSAGI (2004) 2004 report of the Secretary-General on Women, Peace and Security. [Accessed September 25, 2016]. https://www.un.org/womenwatch/osagi/wps/sg2004.htm.

UNIFIL (n.d.) UNIFIL Troop-Contributing Countries. [Accessed 25 September 2016]. https://unifl.

unmissions.org/unifl-troop-contributing-countries.

United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations (2002) Lebanon - UNIFIL Background. [Accessed September 25, 2016]. http://www.un.org/Depts/DPKO/Missions/unifl/uniflB.htm.

United Nations (2014) Meeting Coverage and Press Releases: Major General Kristin Lund of Norway Commander of United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus. [Accessed 25 September

. https://www.un.org/press/en/2014/sga1468.doc.htm.

United Nations (2016) Peacekeeping Issues: Women in Peacekeeping. [Accessed September 25, 2016]. http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/issues/women/womeninpk.shtml.

United Nations (2016) Peacekeeping Operations: Women, peace and security. [Accessed September 25, 2016]. http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/issues/women/wps.shtml.

UNSC (2000) Resolution 1325 (2000). United Nations Web site. October 31. [Accessed October 25, 2016]. http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/issues/women/wps.shtml.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik

Indexing by:

     

     

       

View MKP Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License