Problems with the implementation of Adat Basandi Syarak Syarak Basandi Kitabullah philosophy

Asrinaldi Asrinaldi, Yoserizal Yoserizal

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/mkp.V33I22020.162-173

Abstract views = 2428 times | downloads = 2187 times

Abstract


This study discusses the problems of West Sumatra’s local governments in the practice and implementation of Adat Basandi Syarak Syarak Basandi Kitabullah (ABS-SBK) tradition philosophy in the West Sumatra regional medium-term development plan in 2016-2021. The purpose is to organize the program and activities developed in the regional budget. This study analyzes the ABS-SBK tradition philosophy practice in West Sumatra government administration. This study uses a descriptive qualitative method; moreover, the data collection in this study uses semi-structured interviews related to the practice of ABS-SBK tradition philosophy. This study interviewed 14 informants consisting of customary stakeholders, religious leaders, bureaucrats, academics, women (bundokanduang), and community leaders. In determining the informants, this study uses a purposive sampling method conducted in Agam Regency and Limapuluh Kota Regency in West Sumatra Province. This study found that four factors influence the implementation and practice of the ABS-SBK tradition philosophy in the government level: 1) the absence of apparent ABS-SBK tradition philosophy substance values, 2) the traditional transcendental and profane values of the traditional and sharia institution did not work very well in maintaining and preserving Minangkabau traditional values, 3) the absence of individual consensus and commitment toward ABS-SBK philosophy, and 4) the poor and minimum ABS-SBK tradition philosophy implementation at the government level. People interpret and translate this philosophy according to their understanding since no specific guidelines govern their interaction. This fact is understandable and reasonable since it is part of their life. The same goes for the government level, the absence of the guidelines causes a poor and minimum effort in their development program using ABS-SBK tradition philosophy as the basic. It also leads to a consensus between customary and religious institutions. The government finds it challenging to translate this philosophy into their programs and activities development so that they cannot directly refer their programs to this original philosophy from Minangkabau.

Keywords


Adat Basandi Syarak Syarak Basandi Kitabullah (ABS-SBK); local government; customs; implementation; Minangkabau

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abidin M (2016) Tiga Sepilin: Surau Solusi untuk Bangsa. Yogyakarta: Gre Publishing.

Amir MS (2011) Masyarakat Adat Minangkabau: Terancam Punah Bagai Bajak Ndak Basingka. Jakarta: Citra Harta Prima.

Amran R (1981) Sumatera Barat hingga Plakat Panjang. Jakarta: Sinar Harapan.

Anwar R (2011) Sutan Syahrir: Negarawan Humanis, Demokrat Sejati yang Mendahului Zamannya. Jakarta: Kompas.

Asrinaldi (2017) Demokrasi Lokal di Indonesia: Otonomi, Nagari dan Sosial Budaya di Sumatera Barat. Padang: Erka Publishing.

Asrinaldi, Wannofri S, Yoserizal, Andri R & Ilham AA (2016) Identifikasi Nilai-Nilai Luhur Adat Basandi Syara’, Syara’ Basandi Kitabullah dalam Kehidupan Nagari di Kabupaten Solok. Solok: Bappeda Kabupaten Solok.

Asrinaldi & Yoserizal (2013) Quasi otonomi pada pemerintahan terendah Nagari Simarasok di Sumatera Barat dan Desa Ponjong di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Sosiohumaniora: Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities 15 (2):178-193. https://doi.org/10.24198/sosiohumaniora.v15i2.5740.

Badan Perencenaan Pembangunan Daerah (2016) Evaluasi Kinerja Pembangunan Daerah Tahun 2015. Padang: Bappeda Sumbar.

Bahar S & Tadjoeddin MZ (2004) Masih Ada Harapan: Posisi Sebuah Etnik Minoritas dalam Hidup Berbangsa dan Bernegara. Jakarta: Yayasan Sepuluh Agustus.

Croley SP (2008) Regulation and Public Interests: The Possibility of Good Regulatory Government. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Dzulfikriddin M (2010) Mohammad Natsir dalam Sejarah Politik Indonesia: Peran dan Jasa Mohammad Natsir dalam Dua Orde Indonesia. Bandung: Mizan.

Fithri W (2013) Mau Kemana Minangkabau? Analisis Hermeneutika atas Perdebatan Islam dan Adat Minangkabau. Yogyakarta: Gre Publishing.

Hadler J (2010) Sengketa Tiada Putus: Matriakat, Reformisme Islam, dan Kolonialisme di Minangkabau. Jakarta: Freedom Institute.

Hakimy I (2001) Rangkaian Mustika Adat Basandi Syarak di Minangkabau. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Hasanuddin (2013) Adat dan Syarak: Sumber Inspirasi dan Rujukan Nilai Dialektika Minangkabau. Padang: PSIKM.

Latif Y (2011) Negara Paripurna: Historisitas, Rasionalitas, dan Aktualitas Pancasila. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Navis AA (1984) Alam Terkembang Jadi Guru: Adat dan Kebudayaan Minangkabau. Jakarta: Grafitipers.

Navis AA (2017) Pemikiran Minangkabau: Catatan Budaya A.A. Navis. Bandung: Penerbit Angkasa.

Peters BG (1999) American Public Policy: Promise and Performance. New York: Chotem House/Seven Rivers.

Poeze HA (2010) Tan Malaka, Gerakan Kiri, dan Revolusi Indonesia. Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia-KITV.

Rose M (2010) Indonesia Free: A Political Biography of Mohammad Hatta. Kuala Lumpur: Equinox Publishing.

Samad D (2018) Merisaukan ABS-SBK, Jawapos, 2 April. [Accessed 30 August 2019]. https://padek.co/koran/padangekspres.co.id/cetak/berita/117041/Merisaukan_ABS_SBK.

Sekretariat Dewan Provinsi Sumatera Barat (2017) Modul penerapan ABS-SBK dengan revolusi mental perlu ada di RPJMD Sumbar. [Accessed 6 October 2017]. http://dprd.sumbarprov.go.id/home/berita/1/448.

Tegnan H (2015) Legal pluralism and land administration in West Sumatra: the implementation of the regulations of both local and nagari governments on communal land tenure. The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law 47 (2):312-323. https://doi.org/10.1080/07329113.2015.1072386

Vel JAC & Bedner AW (2015) Decentralisation and village governance in Indonesia: The return to the nagari and the 2014 Village Law. The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law 47 (3):493-507. https://doi.org/10.1080/07329113.2015.1109379.

von Benda-Beckmann F & von Benda-Beckmann K (2012) Identity in dispute: Law, religion and identity in Minangkabau. Asian Ethnicity 13 (4):341-358. https://doi.org/10.1080/14631369.2012.710073.

von Benda-Beckmann F & von Benda-Beckmann K (2013). Political and Legal Transformations of an Indonesian Polity: The Nagari from Colonisation to Decentralisation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Weber M (1992) The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. New York: Routledge.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik

Indexing by:

     

 

      

       

View MKP Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License