Local community resistance in Lombok against tourism development policy

Winengan Winengan

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/mkp.V32I12019.69-79
Abstract views = 475 times | downloads = 552 times

Abstract


Since the enactment of decentralization policies regarding tourism management of regions, developing tourism areas have grown to become a central issue for the local government, who have tackled it through a land acquisition policy against local communities. This study intends to examine the formulation and process of government land acquisition policies for the development of tourism areas in Lombok, whose decisions are met with opposition from the local community. This research uses qualitative and snowball techniques to determine informants. Data collection is carried out in the form of interviews, documentation, and observation. The results of this study reveal that community resistance to tourism development policies is a clear example of the lack of the power the local communities have in the policy formulation process (which stipulates land acquisition as a formulation of its policies). In its formulation, regional tourism policies have undergone a systematic process. However, if the policy option does not reflect the results of a comprehensive study - which only considers economic and business benefits and is not participatory in providing space for local communities to articulate their interests - it will lack legitimization and will be met with resistance from the local community.

Keywords


marginalization; local community; policy formulation; resistance; tourism development

Full Text:

PDF

References


Sarundajang (2000) Arus Balik Kekuasaan Pusat ke Daerah. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan.

Sharpley R & Craven B (2001) The 2001 foot and mouth crisis – Rural economy and tourism policy implications. Tourism Journal 4 (6):527-537.

Sidemen IP (2012) Dampak Pembebasan Lahan Pembangunan Kota Baru Lampung Terhadap Kondisi Sosial dan Ekonomi Petani Penggarap Lahan Eks-Lipi. Laporan Hasil Penelitian. Lampung: Jurusan Sosiologi Fisip Universitas Lampung.

Sin HL (2014) Responsibility for tourism: The problem with going to a local in the field of community-based tourism in Thailand. Geoforum Journal 5 (1):96-106.

Soe’aidy S (2008) Analisis Kebijakan Tentang Relasi Negara, Pasar, dan Masyarakat dalam Perumusan Kebijakan Publik: Kasus Malang Town Square. Dissertation, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya.

SPI NTB (2014) Jeritan Petani Selatan di Balik Indahnya Kampanye Pariwisata Lombok. [Accessed 20 January 2014]. http://ntbbicara.blogspot.com/2014/01/jeritan-petani-selatan-di-balik.html.

Subarsono A (2016) Kebijakan Publik dan Pemerintahan Kolaboratif: Isu-Isu Kontemporer. Jakarta: Gava Media.

Suharto E (2006) Analisis Kebijakan Publik: Panduan Praktis Mengkaji Masalah dan Kebijakan Sosial. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Sulistio EB (2012) Studi Formulasi Kebijakan Penataan Sistem Transportasi Perkotaan di Kota Bandar Lampung. Laporan Hasil-hasil Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat. Lampung: Fisip Universitas Lampung.

Tsartas P (2003) Tourism development in greek insular and coastal areas: Sociocultural changes and crucial policy issues. Journal Of Sustainable Tourism 11 (2):116-132.

Turner BS (2012) Citizenship and Social Theory. London: Sage.

Wahab SA (2011) Analisis Kebijaksanaan: Dari Formulasi ke Implementasi Kebijaksanaan Negara. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Wever G (2012) Decentralization and participation in integrated coastal management: Policy lessons from Brazil and Indonesia. Journal of Ocean and Coastel Management 66 (2):63-72.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik

Indexing by:

     

     

       

View MKP Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License