Symbolism of sacred and profane animals in the Quran

Anas Ahmadi

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/mkp.V33I12020.15-25
Abstract views = 307 times | downloads = 227 times

Abstract


The story of animal symbolism is associated with knowledge and wisdom. This is in order to be used as an example by humans as a valuable lesson. Humans can learn ethics from fables. In the modern view, the symbolism of animals in relation to the issue of eco-psychology has become a trending topic. This study aims to explore the symbolism of sacred and profane animals in the Quran through a hermeneutic-anthropological perspective. This study used a qualitative-descriptive method by describing the data narratively. The data analysis techniques used in this study are hybridization techniques. First, there is reciting the verses (hermeneutical-anthropological) in the Quran can be either universal or particular. Second, there is identifying the passages that relate to animals, whether real pets or unreal ones (symbolism). Third, there is the classification of the animals associated with the pattern of binary oppositions, and the Quran in the context of mytheme (unit of myths) and cheritheme (unit of the story). Fourth, there is the search for collective mediation functions for the community supporters who are in the Quran - mytheme and cheritheme animals. The findings of this study are that: 1) animal symbolism in the Quran appears in the form of either dyadic or triadic and 2) the symbolism of animals the Quran shows that animals in the Quran have a collective mediating function for the supporting community,i.e. a) animals as intermediaries towards holy people (through sacrifice); b) animals as medicine/human health; and c) animals as protectors. The conclusion of this study shows that animals in the Quran appear in both real and symbolic form.

Keywords


symbolism; sacred-profane; animals; Quran; anthropology

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmed AS (1983) Islamic Anthropology. Baghdad: Saudi Publishing.

Bennett C (2002) In Search of the Sacred: Anthropology and the Study of Religions. New York: Cassell.

Bahjat A (1982) Animals in the Glorious of Quran. [Accessed 22 February 2019]. http//www.islamicbasic.com.

Butterlin P (2015) Late Chalcolithic Mesopotamia: Towards a Definition of Sacred Space and Its Evolution. East. In: N Laneri (ed). Defining the Sacred: Approaches to the Archaeology of Religion in the Near. Philadelphia: Oxbow Books.

Birruni T (2012) Kisah Binatang Terbaik dalam Al-Quran. Yogyakarta: Qultum Media.

Creswell JW (2007) Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Five Among Approaches. London: Sage.

Dahlan-Taylor M (2016) Beyond Barbarity and Concealment: Animal Sacrifice and Religious Slaughter in Islamic Responses to Postdomesticity. Culture and Religion, 17 (3):352-365. https://doi.org/10.1080/14755610.2016.1216456.

De Mello M (2012) Animals and Society: An Introduction to Human-Animal Studies. New York: Columbia University Press.

Depag (2011) Quran dan Terjemahan. Jakarta: Media Plus.

Dundes A (2003) Fables of the Ancients? Folklore in the Quran. Oxford: Roman & Littlefield Publishers.

Dundes A (2007) Meaning of Folklore. USA: Utah State University.

Eason C (2007) Fabulous Creatures, Mythical Monsters, and Animal Power Symbols: A Handbook. London: Greenwood.

Elidae M (1959) Sacred and Profane: The Nature of Religion. New York: Harvest Books.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik

Indexing by:

     

     

       

View MKP Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License