Dampak Efikasi Diri dalam Mencegah Perilaku Seks Bebas pada Remaja

Purwaningsih Purwaningsih, Retno Indarwati, Heni Murti Wahyuni

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/ijchn.v4i1.12354
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Abstract


Introduction: Self-efficacy in avoiding free sex and HIV/AIDS will have an impact on adolescent sexual behavior. As well as the increasing of their self-efficacy, their sexual behavior will be more healthier. This study was aimed to determine the correlation between self-efficacy in avoiding free sex and HIV/AIDS with adolescent’s sexual behavior.

Method: This was correlational study with cross-sectional approach. The populations were adolescents aged 17-19 years in Senior High School at Blitar City. Total samples were 127 respondents, taken by using simple random sampling technique. Independent variabel was self-efficacy in avoiding free-sex. Dependent variable was adolescent sexual behavior. Data were collected by using questionnaires. Data were then analyzed by using univariate and bivariate analysis with Spearman-rho test.

Result: The results showed a low category of self-efficacy (magnitude, generalizability, the strength of belief), and the adolescent sexual behavior (knowledge, attitudes, and actions) in the risk category. Self-efficacy in avoiding free sex and HIV/AIDS correlate significantly with adolescent sexual behavior (p=0.000; r = -0.448).

Conclusion: It can be concluded that there is a significant and quite unidirectional relationship between self-efficacy in avoiding free sex and HIV/AIDS with adolescent sexual behavior. Future research iexpected to be able to examine other factors that influence the increase in self-efficacy in avoiding free sex and HIV/AIDS, to reduce the rate of risky sexual behavior in adolescents.

Keywords


self-efficacy; sexual; behavior; adolescent

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References


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