HEPATITIS C VIRUS INFECTION IN HEMODIALYSIS PATIENTS: COMPARISON OF THE SURABAYA DIALYSIS CENTER AND JUNTENDO UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL DIALYSIS CENTRE

djoko santoso, pranawa pranawa, Moh. Yogiantoro, Widodo Widodo, Aditia Wardana, Nunuk Mardiana, Chandra Irwanadi Mohani, soewanto soewanto, Ichiyu Shou, Kunimi Maeda, chieko Hamada, Mitsumine Fukui, Satoshi Horikoshi, Yasuhiko Tomino

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/ijtid.v1i3.2183
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Abstract


Hepatitis C virus infection is highly prevalence in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. The present study will compare prevalence of HCV positive population in difference countries where there are great contrasts in and diversity of care available to patients who have end stage renal disease. All serum samples of the 100 patients were tested for HCV antibodies, using third-generation enzyme immunoassay. The prevalence of anti-HCV was correlated with a history of blood transfusion and with duration of hemodialysis. HCV prevalences were 88% of Surabaya group and 6% of Juntendo Group, respectively. In Surabaya Group, prevalence of HCV positive
was high and the risk factors are not only those of the Juntendo Group, but also a combination of poor living conditions, frequent blood transfusions, and lack of adherence. Much needs to be studied about the role of universal screening and effective techniques for primary prevention in Surabaya Group


Keywords


epidemiology, hemodialysis, hepatitis C virus, risk factor

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Institute of Tropical Disease - Airlangga University
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