Pandemi COVID-19 dan Tantangan Kebijakan Kesehatan Mental di Indonesia

Ilham Akhsanu Ridlo

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Kesehatan mental merupakan aspek penting dalam mewujudkan kesehatan yang menyeluruh. Namun di sebagian besar negara berkembang, masalah kesehatan mental belum diprioritaskan. Pandemi Coronavirus-19 (COVID-19) menjadikan kesehatan mental menjadi isu penting bagi dunia. Organisasi Kesehatan Dunia (WHO) mengidentifikasi kesehatan mental sebagai komponen integral dari penanggulangan COVID-19. Pandemi COVID-19 dengan transmisi penularan yang masif dan tingkat kematian yang tinggi menyebabkan masalah yang mengarah pada gangguan mental. Kebijakan kesehatan mental di Indonesia harus mengoptimalkan integrasi layanan kesehatan mental. Pendekatan berbasis masyarakat dapat memperluas cakupan pelayanan kesehatan mental pada masa Pandemi COVID-19. Pemerintah harus mengintegrasikan layanan kesehatan mental ke dalam layanan berbasis masyarakat sebagai cara untuk memastikan cakupan universal pelayanan kesehatan mental. Model pemberdayaan partisipatif dan bottom-up menjadi pilihan yang rasional, untuk mengatasi masalah sumber daya dan stigma sebagai penghalang keberhasilan program kesehatan mental di Indonesia.


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Kesehatan Mental; COVID-19; Pandemi; Kebijakan Kesehatan

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