Comparison Between Removable and Fixed Orthodontic Retainers

Sianiwati Goenharto, Elly Rusdiana, Ida Nurul Khairyyah

Abstract views = 2439 times | downloads = 1398 times


Background: There are two kinds of retainers: removable retainer and fixed retainer. Removable retainer is an orthodontic retainer which can be inserted and removed by the patient, whereas fixed retainer is bonded permanently on teeth, it cannot be removed by the patient. It is important to know which retainer that most effective based on the existing case. Purpose: To identify the comparison between removable and fixed retainers in orthodontic treatment. Review: Hawley retainer, Beggs retainer, clip on retainer, Kesling’stooth positioners and invisible retainer  are removable retainers whereas fixed retainers include banded retainer, bonded retainer and band & spur type retainer. Comparison between removable and fix retainer can be evaluated from several aspects such as: cost, aesthetics, fabrication process, durability, occlusion, hygiene and convenience of use. Conclusion: Whether removable or fixed retainers can be effectively used to prevent relapse post orthodontic treatment depending onthe existing case.


Orthodontic Retainers; Removable Retainer; Fixed Retainer.

Full Text:



Al-Suliaman, S., Hashim, H.A. 2006. The reinforced removable retainer. The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice; 7(2):Pp. 1-6.

Alam, M.K. 2012. A to Z orthodontics, retention and relapse. 1st ed. Malaysia: PPSP Publication; Pp. 8-11.

Alawiyah, T., Sianita, P.P. 2012. Retensi dalam perawatan ortodonti. JITEKGI; 9(2): Pp. 29-35.

Atack, N., Harradine, N., Sandy, J.R., Ireland, A.J. 2007. Which way forward? Fixed or removable lower retainers. Angle Orthodontist; 77(6): Pp. 954-9.

Bennett, M.E., Tulloch, J.F., Vig, K.W., Phillips, C.L. 2001. Measuring orthodontic treatment satisfaction: questionnaire development and preliminary validation. Journal of Public Health Dentistry; 61(3): Pp. 155-60.

Cerny, R., Cockrell, D., Lloyd, D. 2010. Long-term results of permanent bonded retention. JCO; 44(10): Pp. 611-6.

Farmasyanti, C.A. 2012. Post orthodontic retention. Bali: Cendrawasih; . Available from: Diakses: 25 Mei 2016

Goenharto, S,, Rusdiana, E. 2015. Peranti retensi pasca perawatan ortodonti. Journal of Dental Technologi; 4(1): Pp. 1-7.

Iswari, H.S. 2012. Relaps dan pencegahannya dalam ortodonti.; 29 (319): Pp. 53-9.

Jäderberg, S., Feldmann, I., Engström, C. 2012. Removable thermoplastic appliances as orthodontic retainers-a prospective study of different wear regimens. European Journal of Orthodontics; 34(4): Pp. 475-9

Komatsu, W., Bezerra, G.K., Inês, R.F., Augusto, F. 2012. Orthodontic retainers: Analysis of prescriptions sent to laboratories. Dental Press J Orthod;17(2): Pp. 8-36.

Mitchell, L. 2013. Introduction to orthodontics. 4th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press; Pp. 197-9.

Proffit, W.R, Fields, H.W. 2013. Contemporary orthodontics. 5th ed. Saint Louis: Mosby Elsevier; Pp. 296-300.

Rahardjo, P. 2009. Peranti ortodonti lepasan. Surabaya: Airlangga University Press.Pp. 88-97.

Reddy, R., Suma, S., Chandrasekhar, B.R, Chaukse, A. 2010. Retention appliances – areview.Internasional Journal of Dental Clinics; 2(3): Pp. 31-6.

Sari, Z., Uysal, T., Basciftci, F.A., Inan, O. 2009. Occlusal contact changes with removable and bonded retainers in a 1-year retention period. Angle Orthodontist 79(5): Pp. 867-71.

Segner, D., Heinrici, B. 2000. Bonded retainers: clinical reliability. Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics; 61: Pp. 325-8.

Sulandjari, H. 2008. Buku ajar ortodonsia I KGO I;. Available from: Accessed: 09 Diakses 17 Maret 2016. Pp. 7-15.

Tamilkkumaran, N., Felicita, S. 2013. Fixed retainers vs removable retainers-which is better?. Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences; 11(6): Pp. 33-5.

Vignesh, P.K, Felicita, S. 2015. Long term effectiveness of various orthodontic retention – a review.IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences;14(2): Pp. 56-9.

Watted, N., Wieber, M., Teuscher, T., Schmitz, N. 2001. Comparison of incisior mobility after insertion of canine-to-canine lingual retainers bonded to two or to six teeth. A clinical study. J Orofac Orthop; 62(5): Pp. 387-96.

Yanes, E.E.R., White, l., Araujo, R.C., Galuffo, A.M.G., Yanez, S.E.R. 2008. 1001 Tips for orthodontic and its secrets.1sted. Amolka: Medtech; Pp.315-9, 331-9.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Journal Of Vocational Health Studies

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This Journal is Indexed by: 

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.