Effects of orthodontic forces on pulp tissue

pulp tissue orthodontic force


  • Pinandi Sri Pudyani
    Department of Orthodontic, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia


Numerous researches on pulp tissue changes caused by orthodontic forces have been performed, among others are: pulp angiogenesis, pulp tissue respiration rate, alkaline phosphatase and aspartate aminotransferase enzyme activities; micro vascular response inside the pulp and the effect of dental movement i.e. extrusion, intrusion, and torque. The result is still controversial, as some researchers claim that orthodontic force has a negative effect, others deny by saying there is no such effect on pulp tissue.

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