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Author Guidelines



Original Articles

Original articles should report on original clinical studies or research not previously published or under consideration for publication elsewhere. The text should not exceed 7000 words and should include a list of authors and their affiliations, corresponding author, acknowledgements and figure legends, with an abstract of a maximum of 250 words, a list of a minimum of 25 references primarily from international journals indexed by Scopus or Web of Science, and a maximum five figures/tables (see below for more details on the layout).

Systematic Reviews

Systematic reviews are exhaustive, critical assessments of evidence from different data sources in relation to a given subject in the area of nursing. A systematic search of the relevant data sources should be carried out and the items collected should be carefully evaluated for inclusion based on apriori defined inclusion/exclusion criteria. A description and an analytical graphic representation of the process should be provided. The specific features of the participants' or patients' populations of the studies included in the review should be described as well as the measures of exposure and the outcome with indication towards the corresponding data sources. A structured abstract is required (the same as for short reviews). The text must not exceed 7,000 words including the acknowledgments, with no more than four tables and/or figures and a minimum of 40 references.

Meta-analyses should follow the same guidelines for systematic reviews. They are expected to provide exhaustive information and statistical assessment of the pooled estimates of pre-defined outcomes, study heterogeneity and quality, possible publication bias, meta-regression, and subgroup analyses when and where appropriate. Depending on the type of study, the authors are invited to submit PRISMA flow diagrams or MOOSE checklists. Both systematic reviews and meta-analyses will be dealt with as original articles are, as far as the editorial process is concerned.



Title Page

The title should describe the summary of the research (concise, informative, no abbreviations, and a maximum of 15 words).

The authorship of articles should be limited to those who have contributed sufficiently to take on a level of public responsibility for the content. Provided should be the full names of authors (without academic title); author's affiliation (name[s] of department[s] and institution[s]); the corresponding author's name, mailing address, telephone, and fax numbers, and e-mail address. The corresponding author is the person responsible for any correspondence during the publication process and post-publication.

Please upload the title page separately from the main document.




A concise and factual abstract is required. The structure of the abstract is limited to 250 words and should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal result, and major conclusions or major headings: introduction, method, results and conclusion.

  1. Introduction: One or two sentences on the background and purpose of the study.
  2. Method: Describe the research design, settings (please do not mention the actual location but use geographic type or number if necessary), and participants (details of how the study population was selected, inclusion and exclusion criteria, numbers entering and leaving the study, and any relevant clinical and demographic characteristics).
  3. Results: Report the main outcome(s)/findings including (where relevant) levels of statistical significance and confidence intervals.
  4. ConclusionsShould relate to the study aims and hypotheses.

Keywords: Immediately after the abstract, provide minimum three and maximum five keywords and avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts. The keywords should refer to


Word Processing Formats

Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC. The text should be double-spaced throughout with standard one inch margin (2.54 cm). Text should be standard
font (i.e., Times New Roman) at 12-point.


The body text should be blinding. Do not include any author identifying information in your manuscript, including the author's own citations. The text should be structured as follows: introduction: The problems of study, scale, chronology, and state of the arts of the study should be explained. Please note that the last paragraph of introduction should state the aims or purpose of study. Methods: The design, sample, variables, instruments, procedures, analysis, and ethical consideration should be explained. Results: Report the main outcome(s)/findings including, where relevant, levels of statistical significance and confidence intervals. Discussion: Should explain the findings related to fact, theory, and opinion. Conclusion: Should relate to the study aims, hypotheses, finding, and suggestion for further research. Footnotes are not advisable; their contents should be incorporated into the text. Use only standard abbreviations; the use of nonstandard abbreviations can be confusing to readers. Avoid abbreviations in the title of the manuscript. The spelled-out abbreviation followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis should be used on the first mention unless the abbreviation is a standard unit of measurement. If a sentence begins with a number, it should be spelled out.


Acknowledgment (Optional)

Acknowledgments should be limited to the appropriate professionals who contributed to the paper, including technical help and financial or material support, as well as any general support by a department chairperson.


Declaration of conflicting interests

It is the policy of Pediomaternal Nursing Journal to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles. 

Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests' statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest'. For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.


Tables And Figures

Tables should be numbered in Arabic numerals; any captions should be brief, clearly indicating the purpose or content of each table. Manuscripts with over five tables in total, or very large tables, can be submitted as Supplementary Data and will be included in the online version of your article


Please do not:

  1. Supply files optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PITC, WPG); these typically have a low number of pixels and limited set of colors.
  2. Supply files that are too low in resolution.
  3. Use tables with pictures.



The references in PMNJ used American Psychological Association (APA) 7th Edition. The references should be arranged from A to Z. References from journal publications should be provided by DOI. We suggest that 80% of references are from the journal or main references. All cited references must be mentioned in in-text citations and used Mendeley or EndNote.

Here example of APA 7th Edition styles retrieved from the website:


Journal Article References

Journal article

Grady, J. S., Her, M., Moreno, G., Perez, C., & Yelinek, J. (2019). Emotions in storybooks: A comparison of storybooks that represent ethnic and racial groups in the United States. Psychology of Popular Media Culture8(3), 207–217.

  • Parenthetical citation: (Grady et al., 2019)
  • Narrative citation: Grady et al. (2019)

Journal article with an article number

Jerrentrup, A., Mueller, T., Glowalla, U., Herder, M., Henrichs, N., Neubauer, A., & Schaefer, J. R. (2018). Teaching medicine with the help of "Dr. House.” PLoS ONE13(3), Article e0193972.

  • Parenthetical citation: (Jerrentrup et al., 2018)
  • Narrative citation: Jerrentrup et al. (2018)

Journal article with missing information

Missing volume number

Stegmeir, M. (2016). Climate change: New discipline practices promote college access. The Journal of College Admission, (231), 44–47.

Missing issue number

Sanchiz, M., Chevalier, A., & Amadieu, F. (2017). How do older and young adults start searching for information? Impact of age, domain knowledge and problem complexity on the different steps of information searching. Computers in Human Behavior72, 67–78.

Missing page or article number

Butler, J. (2017). Where access meets multimodality: The case of ASL music videos. Kairos: A Journal of Rhetoric, Technology, and Pedagogy21(1).

  • Parenthetical citations: (Butler, 2017; Sanchiz et al., 2017; Stegmeir, 2016)
  • Narrative citations: Butler (2017), Sanchiz et al. (2017), and Stegmeir (2016)

Retracted journal article

Joly, J. F., Stapel, D. A., & Lindenberg, S. M. (2008). Silence and table manners: When environments activate norms. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin34(8), 1047–1056. (Retraction published 2012, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38[10], 1378)

  • Parenthetical citation: (Joly et al., 2008)
  • Narrative citation: Joly et al. (2008)

Retraction notice for a journal article

de la Fuente, R., Bernad, A., Garcia-Castro, J., Martin, M. C., & Cigudosa, J. C. (2010). Retraction: Spontaneous human adult stem cell transformation. Cancer Research70(16), 6682.

The Editors of the Lancet. (2010). Retraction”Ileal-lymphoid-nodular hyperplasia, non-specific colitis, and pervasive developmental disorder in children. The Lancet375(9713), 445.

  • Parenthetical citations: (de la Fuente et al., 2010; The Editors of the Lancet, 2010)
  • Narrative citations: de la Fuente et al. (2010) and The Editors of the Lancet (2010)

Abstract of a journal article from an abstract indexing database

Hare, L. R., & O'Neill, K. (2000). Effectiveness and efficiency in small academic peer groups: A case study (Accession No. 200010185) [Abstract from Sociological Abstracts]. Small Group Research31(1), 24–53.

  • Parenthetical citation: (Hare & O'Neill, 2000)
  • Narrative citation: Hare and O'Neill (2000)

Monograph as part of a journal issue

Ganster, D. C., Schaubroeck, J., Sime, W. E., & Mayes, B. T. (1991). The nomological validity of the Type A personality among employed adults [Monograph]. Journal of Applied Psychology76(1), 143–168.

  • Parenthetical citation: (Ganster et al., 1991)
  • Narrative citation: Ganster et al. (1991)

 Online-only supplemental material to a journal article

Freeberg, T. M. (2019). From simple rules of individual proximity, complex and coordinated collective movement [Supplemental material]. Journal of Comparative Psychology133(2), 141–142.

  • Parenthetical citation: (Freeberg, 2019)
  • Narrative citation: Freeberg (2019)

Magazine Article References

Lyons, D. (2009, June 15). Don't ‘iTune' us: It's geeks versus writers. Guess who's winning. Newsweek153(24), 27.

Schaefer, N. K., & Shapiro, B. (2019, September 6). New middle chapter in the story of human evolution. Science365(6457), 981–982.

Schulman, M. (2019, September 9). Superfans: A love story. The New Yorker

  • Parenthetical citations: (Lyons, 2009; Schaefer & Shapiro, 2019; Schulman, 2019)
  • Narrative citations: Lyons (2009), Schaefer and Shapiro (2019), and Schulman (2019)

Newspaper article

Carey, B. (2019, March 22). Can we get better at forgetting? The New York Times

Harlan, C. (2013, April 2). North Korea vows to restart shuttered nuclear reactor that can make bomb-grade plutonium. The Washington Post, A1, A4.

Stobbe, M. (2020, January 8). Cancer death rate in U.S. sees largest one-year drop ever. Chicago Tribune.

  • Parenthetical citations: (Carey, 2019; Harlan, 2013; Stobbe, 2020)
  • Narrative citations: Carey (2019), Harlan (2013), and Stobbe (2020)

Comment on an online newspaper article

sidneyf. (2020, October 7). Oh, I don't know; perhaps the common-sense conclusion that packing people together ” for hours ” like sardines ” may be an [Comment on the article "When will it be safe to travel again?”]. The Washington Post

  • Parenthetical citation: sidneyf (2020)
  • Narrative citation: sidneyf (2020)

Blog post

Ouellette, J. (2019, November 15). Physicists capture first footage of quantum knots unraveling in superfluid. Ars Technica

  • Parenthetical citation: (Ouellette, 2019)
  • Narrative citation: Ouellette (2019)

Comment on a blog post

joachimr. (2019, November 19). We are relying on APA as our university style format - the university is located in Germany (Kassel). So I [Comment on the blog post "The transition to seventh edition APA Style”]. APA Style

  • Parenthetical citation: (joachimr, 2019)
  • Narrative citation: joachimr (2019)

UpToDate Article References

Bordeaux, B., & Lieberman, H. R. (2020). Benefits and risks of caffeine and caffeinated beverages. UpToDate. Retrieved February 26, 2020, from

  • Parenthetical citation: (Bordeaux & Lieberman, 2020)
  • Narrative citation: Bordeaux and Lieberman (2020)


Book/E-book References

Whole authored book

Jackson, L. M. (2019). The psychology of prejudice: From attitudes to social action (2nd ed.). American Psychological Association.

Sapolsky, R. M. (2017). Behave: The biology of humans at our best and worst. Penguin Books.

Svendsen, S., & Lí¸ber, L. (2020). The big picture/Academic writing: The one-hour guide (3rd digital ed.). Hans Reitzel Forlag.

  • Parenthetical citations: (Jackson, 2019; Sapolsky, 2017; Svendsen & Lí¸ber, 2020)
  • Narrative citations: Jackson (2019), Sapolsky (2017), and Svendsen and Lí¸ber (2020)

Whole edited book

Hygum, E., & Pedersen, P. M. (Eds.). (2010). Early childhood education: Values and practices in Denmark. Hans Reitzels Forlag.

Kesharwani, P. (Ed.). (2020). Nanotechnology based approaches for tuberculosis treatment. Academic Press.

Torino, G. C., Rivera, D. P., Capodilupo, C. M., Nadal, K. L., & Sue, D. W. (Eds.). (2019). Microaggression theory: Influence and implications. John Wiley & Sons.

  • Parenthetical citations: (Hygum & Pedersen, 2010; Kesharwani, 2020; Torino et al., 2019)
  • Narrative citations: Hygum and Pedersen (2010), Kesharwani (2020), and Torino et al. (2019)

Republished book, with editor

Watson, J. B., & Rayner, R. (2013). Conditioned emotional reactions: The case of Little Albert (D. Webb, Ed.). CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. (Original work published 1920)

  • Parenthetical citation: (Watson & Rayner, 1920/2013)
  • Narrative citation: Watson and Rayner (1920/2013)

Book published with new foreword by another author

Kübler-Ross, E. (with Byock, I.). (2014). On death & dying: What the dying have to teach doctors, nurses, clergy & their own families (50th anniversary ed.). Scribner. (Original work published 1969)

  • Parenthetical citation: (Kübler-Ross, 1969/2014)
  • Narrative citation: Kübler-Ross (1969/2014)

Several volumes of a multivolume work 

Harris, K. R., Graham, S., & Urdan T. (Eds.). (2012). APA educational psychology handbook (Vols. 1–3). American Psychological Association.

  • Parenthetical citation: (Harris et al., 2012)
  • Narrative citation: Harris et al. (2012)


Chapter in an Edited Book/E-book References

Chapter in an edited book 

Aron, L., Botella, M., & Lubart, T. (2019). Culinary arts: Talent and their development. In R. F. Subotnik, P. Olszewski-Kubilius, & F. C. Worrell (Eds.), The psychology of high performance: Developing human potential into domain-specific talent (pp. 345–359). American Psychological Association.

Dillard, J. P. (2020). Currents in the study of persuasion. In M. B. Oliver, A. A. Raney, & J. Bryant (Eds.), Media effects: Advances in theory and research (4th ed., pp. 115–129). Routledge.

Thestrup, K. (2010). To transform, to communicate, to play”The experimenting community in action. In E. Hygum & P. M. Pedersen (Eds.), Early childhood education: Values and practices in Denmark. Hans Reitzels Forlag.

  • Parenthetical citations: (Aron et al., 2019; Dillard, 2020; Thestrup, 2010)
  • Narrative citations: Aron et al. (2019), Dillard (2020), and Thestrup (2010)

 Chapter in an edited book, reprinted from another book

Bronfenbrenner, U. (2005). The social ecology of human development: A retrospective conclusion. In U. Bronfenbrenner (Ed.), Making human beings human: Bioecological perspectives on human development (pp. 27–40). SAGE Publications. (Reprinted from Brain and intelligence: The ecology of child development, pp. 113–123, by F. Richardson, Ed., 1973, National Educational Press)

  • Parenthetical citations: (Bronfenbrenner, 1973/2005)
  • Narrative citations: Bronfenbrenner (1973/2005)

 Entry in an online dictionary 

American Psychological Association. (n.d.). Just-world hypothesis. In APA dictionary of psychology. Retrieved January 18, 2020, from

Merriam-Webster. (n.d.). Semantics. In dictionary. Retrieved January 4, 2020, from

  • Parenthetical citations: (American Psychological Association, n.d.; Merriam-Webster, n.d.)
  • Narrative citations: American Psychological Association (n.d.) and Merriam-Webster (n.d.)

Entry in a print dictionary 

American Psychological Association. (2015). Mood induction. In APA dictionary of psychology(2nd ed., p. 667).

Merriam-Webster. (2003). Litmus test. In Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (11th ed., p. 727).

  • Parenthetical citations: (American Psychological Association, 2015; Merriam-Webster, 2003)
  • Narrative citations: American Psychological Association (2015) and Merriam-Webster (2003


Reports and Gray Literature

Report by a Government Agency References

National Cancer Institute. (2019). Taking time: Support for people with cancer (NIH Publication No. 18-2059). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health.

  • Parenthetical citation: (National Cancer Institute, 2019)
  • Narrative citation: National Cancer Institute (2019)

Report with Individual Authors References

Baral, P., Larsen, M., & Archer, M. (2019). Does money grow on trees? Restoration financing in Southeast Asia. Atlantic Council.

Stuster, J., Adolf, J., Byrne, V., & Greene, M. (2018). Human exploration of Mars: Preliminary lists of crew tasks (Report No. NASA/CR-2018-220043). National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  • Parenthetical citations: (Baral et al., 2019; Stuster et al., 2018)
  • Narrative citations: Baral et al. (2019) and Stuster et al. (2018)

Brochure References

Cedars-Sinai. (2015). Human papillomavirus (HPV) and oropharyngeal cancer [Brochure].

  • Parenthetical citation: (Cedars-Sinai, 2015)
  • Narrative citation: Cedars-Sinai (2015)

Ethics Code References

American Counseling Association. (2014). 2014 ACA code of ethics

American Nurses Association. (2015). Code of ethics for nurses with interpretive statements

American Psychological Association. (2017). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct (2002, amended effective June 1, 2010, and January 1, 2017).

  • Parenthetical citations: (American Counseling Association, 2014; American Nurses Association, 2015; American Psychological Association, 2017)
  • Narrative citations: American Counseling Association (2014), American Nurses Association (2015), and American Psychological Association (2017)

Press Release References

U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2019, November 15). FDA approves first contact lens indicated to slow the progression of nearsightedness in children [Press release].

  • Parenthetical citation: (U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 2019)
  • Narrative citation: U.S. Food and Drug Administration (2019)



Pediomaternal Nursing Journal is free of article processing charge.



Any correspondence, queries, or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Pediomaternal Nursing Journal editorial office as follows: 

Dr. Ilya Krisnana, Editor-in-Chief



Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items. Submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  2. The author(s) haven't suggested any personal information that may make the identity of the patient recognizable in any form of description, photograph or pedigree. When the photographs of the patient are essential and indispensable as scientific information, the author(s) must have received the consent in written form and have clearly stated such.
  3. In case of experimenting on humans, the author(s) have certified that the process of the research is in accordance with the ethical standards of the Helsinki declaration, as well as any domestic and foreign committees that preside over the experiment. If any doubts are raised as to whether the research proceeded in accordance with the Helsinki declaration, then author(s) are required to explain it. In the case of experimenting on animals, the author(s) have certified that the author(s) had followed the necessary domestic and foreign guidelines related to experimenting on animals in a laboratory.
  4. The author(s) have received consent from the author or editor of any pictures or table quoted from other journals or books. A portion or the entirety of the article must not have been published in other journals, nor must it have contributed to other journals or is still under review.
  5. Author(s) of the journal have clarified everything that may arise such as work, research expenses, consultant expenses, and intellectual property on the document in relation to the ICMJE form disclosure of conflicts of interest.

Copyright Notice


1. The journal allows the author to hold the copyright of the article without restrictions.

2. The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions.

3. The legal formal aspect of journal publication accessibility refers to Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY).



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