Parity and BMI (Body Mass Index) that Related with Myoma Uteri in Women of Childbearing Age

Miftachu Jannah, Ni Ketut Alit, Aria Aulia

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/pmnj.v3i2.11832
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Abstract


Introduction : Uterine myomas are benign tumors of uterine smooth muscle cells are composed of smooth muscle
tissue, connective tissue and collagen fibroids. In Indonesia myoma uteri was found 2.39% - 11.7% of all gynecological
patients treated. The exact cause of uterine myoma is had known for certain until today. Risk factors such as age of
menarche, family history, body mass index (BMI), parity and type of contraception can cause uterine myoma. This
study aims to determine the factors correlating with the incidence of uterine myomas in women of childbearing age in Poly
Gynecology, dr.Mohamad Soewandhi Hospital, Surabaya. Method : This research used a case control design.
Populations were all women who visit to Poly Gynecology. It used purposive sampling technique. Total sampel were 30
patients with myoma uteri and 30 women of childbearing age. The independent variable was the age of menarche, family
history, BMI, parity, type of contraception and the dependent variable was the incidence of uterine myoma. Data were
collected by interviews, weight scales, height measurement and medical records. The analysis used Chi Square / Fisher's
Exact Test with level of significance of £ 0,05. Result : The results showed that age of menarche (p = 0.158) and family
history (p = 0.100) had no correlation with myoma uteri. Body Mass Index (p = 0.009), parity (p = 0.00) and type of
contraception (p = 0.00) had correlation with myoma uteri. Discussion : Every woman more aware about the disease of
reproductive age, especially myoma uteri by reducing foods that contain estrogen such as meat and beans.

Keywords


myoma, uteri, BMI, Paritas

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References


Ciavattini, Andrea et al, (2013). Uterine Fibroids: Pathogenesis and Interactions with Endometrium and

Endomyometrial Junction. no 11 : Obstetrics and Gynecology International Journal


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