HUBUNGAN SMARTPHONE ADDICTION DAN SELF-EFFICACY DENGAN PRESTASI AKADEMIK PADA REMAJA

Linda Pradani Agesti, Rizki Fitryasari, NK Alit Armini, Ah Yusuf

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/pnj.v1i1.12302
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Abstract


ABSTRAK

Pendahuluan: Remaja memiliki ketertarikan yang lebih besar terhadap penggunaan smartphone, hal ini membuat remaja lebih rentan mengalami smartphone addiction. Prestasi akademik di Indonesia masih tergolong rendah hal ini dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor yaitu faktor internal contohnya self-efficacy dan faktor eksternal adalah penggunaan smartphone. Tujuan penelitian ini menganalisis hubungan smartphone addiction dan self-efficacy dengan prestasi akademik berdasarkan teori Bandura.

Metode: Jumlah sampel adalah 219 siswa dengan menggunakan cluster sampling. Variabel independen adalah smartphone addiction dan self-efficacy. Variabel dependen adalah prestasi akademik. Data dikumpulkan menggunaakan kuesioner dan analisis dengan uji Spearman α < 0,05.

Hasil: Smartphone addiction dapat menurunkan self-efficacy (p = 0,009)  arah korelasi negatif (r = -0,177). Smartphone addiction juga dapat menurunkan prestasi akademik (p=0,046) arah korelasi negatif (r = -0,135). Self-efficacy tidak memiliki hubungan dengan prestasi akademik (p = 0,262).

Kesimpulan: Smartphone addiction dapat membuat remaja mengalami resah apabila tidak menggunakan smartphone, sedangkan self-efficacy dapat dipengaruhi oleh perilaku cemas dan resah. Perawat perlu melakukan pendidikan kesehatan terhadap orangtua maupun siswa terkait kecanduan smartphone dan hubungannya dengan self-efficacy dan prestasi akademik siswa.


ABSTRACT

Introduction: Adolescents have a greater interest in smartphone use, this makes teens more vulnerable to experiencing smartphone addiction. Academic achievement in Indonesia is still relatively low, this is influenced by several factors,  internal factor like self-efficacy and the external factor includes are smartphone use. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between smartphone addiction and self-efficacy with academic achievement based on Bandura's theory.

Method: The number of samples was 219 students by using cluster sampling. The independent variable is smartphone addiction and self-efficacy. The dependent variable is academic achievement. Data were collected using questionnaires and analysis with the Spearman test α <0.05.

Result: Smartphone addiction can reduce self-efficacy (p = 0,009) direction of correlation negative (r = -0,177). Smartphone addiction can also reduce academic achievement (p = 0.046) direction of correlation negative (r = -0.135). Self-efficacy has no relationship with academic achievement (p = 0.262).

Conclusion: Smartphone addiction can make teenagers experience restlessness when not using a smartphone, while self-efficacy can be influenced by anxious and restless behavior. Nurses need to do health education for parents and students related to smartphone addiction and its relationship with student self-efficacy and academic achievement.


Keywords


smartphone addiction, self-efficacy, prestasi akademik

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