Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Program: Reference to the Indonesian Government

Ghaisani Ikramina Aiffah, Wandera Ahmad Religia

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jpk.V8.I2.2020.238-252
Abstract views = 467 times | downloads = 280 times

Abstract


Background: Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) was a global problem widespread in many countries. Komisi Perlindungan Anak Indonesia or Indonesian Children Protection Commission (KPAI) recorded as many as 1.880 children become victims of sexual abuse such as rape, fornication, sodomy and paedophilia. The Government of Indonesia become made become efforts both national and international scale, but there is no effective and applicable program that has been implemented. Objective: The purpose of this article was to analyse the programs had been implemented to prevent sexual violence against children. Method: This article was a literature study by examining 38 articles related to the program against child abuse. The researcher was looking for reference sources from the Science Direct, Sage pub and Google Scholar online become. The keywords used were Child Sex Abuse Prevention Program, Parenting Program, Parent Training, Parent Intervention, Maltreatment, Violence, and Violence Prevention. Result: In children, programs that had been implemented include C-SAPE; IGEL; Train the trainer; BST; A program for minorities in Australia; Cool and Safe. For parents, the programs that had been applied include ACT-RSK; Triple-P; RETHINK; The Incredible Years Parents, Teachers, and Children Training Series; PACE; The Making Choices and Strong Families; The African Migrant Parenting; Strengthening Families; 123 Magic; PDEP and FAST. Conclusion: The sexual violence prevention program for children that can be implemented by the Indonesian government was using teaching methods based on school curricula that can be delivered by teachers. For parent, the program that could be implemented by the Indonesian government was using positive parenting methods that focus on preventing sexual violence against children and delivered by expert facilitators.  To reach children and families with different cultural backgrounds, the Indonesian government could adapt sexual violence prevention programs for the Australian minorities and The African Migrant Parenting.


Keywords


child sexual abuse, prevention program

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ashori, M. et al. (2015) ‘Group positive parenting program (Triple-P) and the relationships of mother-child with intellectual disability’, Practice in Clinical Psychology, 3(1), pp. 31–38.

Audience, T. (2017) ‘Parenting Our Children to Excellence (PACE)’, (July).

Baker, C. K. et al. (2012) ‘Increasing Knowledge of Sexual Abuse’, Research on Social Work Practice, 23(2), pp. 167–178. doi: 10.1177/1049731512468796.

Barron, I. G. and Topping, K. J. (2013) ‘Survivor Experience of a Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Program: A Pilot Study’, Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 28(14), pp. 2797–2812. doi: 10.1177/0886260513488690.

Begle, A. M. and Dumas, J. E. (2011) ‘Child and parental outcomes following involvement in a preventive intervention: Efficacy of the PACE program’, Journal of Primary Prevention, 32(2), pp. 67–81. doi: 10.1007/s10935-010-0232-6.

Breitkreuz, R. et al. (2011) ‘Integrating Triple P into Existing Family Support Services : A Case Study on Program Implementation Integrating Triple P into Existing Family Support Services : A Case Study on Program Implementation’, (December 2016). doi: 10.1007/s11121-011-0233-6.

Burn, M. et al. (2019) ‘Parents’ perceptions of changes in family functioning after participation in a strengthening families intervention: A qualitative analysis’, Children and Youth Services Review. Elsevier, 100(March), pp. 428–436. doi: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2019.03.028.

Bustamante, G. et al. (2019) ‘“I have the right to feel safe”: Evaluation of a school-based child sexual abuse prevention program in Ecuador’, Child Abuse and Neglect. Elsevier, 91(November 2018), pp. 31–40. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.02.009.

del Campo Sanchez, A. and Sanchez, F. L. (2006) ‘Evaluation of school-based child sexual abuse prevention program’, Psicothema, 18(1), pp. 1–8.

Conner, N. W. and Fraser, M. W. (2011) ‘Preschool social-emotional skills training: A controlled pilot test of the making choices and strong families programs’, Research on Social Work Practice, 21(6), pp. 699–711. doi: 10.1177/1049731511408115. Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) ‘Convention on the Rights of the Child’.

Czerwinski, F. et al. (2018) ‘Effectiveness of a school-based intervention to prevent child sexual abuse—Evaluation of the German IGEL program’, Child Abuse and Neglect. Elsevier, 86(May), pp. 109–122. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.08.023.

Dedi Hendrian (2018) Marak Pedofilia, Upaya Perlindungan Anak Dinilai Jalan di Tempat. Available at: https://www.kpai.go.id/berita/marak-pedofilia-upaya-perlindungan-anak-dinilai-jalan-di-tempat.

Durrant, J. E. et al. (2014) ‘Preventing Punitive Violence: Preliminary Data on the Positive Discipline in Everyday Parenting (PDEP) Program’, Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health, 33(2), pp. 109–125. doi: 10.7870/cjcmh-2014-018.

Durrant, J. E. (2017) ‘Positive Discipline in Everyday Parenting Facilitator ’ s One D ay Refresher Workshop Positive Discipline in Everyday Parenting Facilitator ’ s One Day Refresher Workshop’.

ECPAT Indonesia (2018) Modul Smart School Online untuk Anak ‘Eksploitasi Seksual Anak di Ranah Online’. Jakarta: ECPAT Indonesia. Available at: https://ecpatindonesia.org/publikasi-media/modul-smart-school-online-untuk-anak-eksploitasi-seksual-anak-di-ranah-online/.

Fraser, M. W. et al. (2014) ‘The Making Choices Program Author(s): Mark W. Fraser, Aaron M. Thompson, Steven H. Day and Rebecca J. Macy Source: The Elementary School Journal, (-Not available-), p. 000 Published by’:

Furlong, M. and McGilloway, S. (2012) ‘The Incredible Years Parenting program in Ireland: A qualitative analysis of the experience of disadvantaged parents’, Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 17(4), pp. 616–630. doi: 10.1177/1359104511426406.

Handayani, P. K. (2012) ‘Mengungkap Profil Pelaku Pedofilia Melalui Tes Kepribadian’, pp. 1–33.

Irawan, N. F. R. (2016) ‘Efektivitas ECPAT Indonesia dalam Menangani Kejahatan Child Sex Tourism di Indonesia: Studi Kasus Child Sex Tourism di Bali Tahun 2012-2014’, Journal of International Relations, 2(3), pp. 64–69.

Jin, Y., Chen, J. and Yu, B. (2019) ‘Parental practice of child sexual abuse prevention education in China: Does it have an influence on child’s outcome?’, Children and Youth Services Review. Elsevier, 96(November 2018), pp. 64–69. doi: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.11.029.

Keeping Children Safe Coalition (2011) ‘Keeping Children Safe Toolkit: Tool 3 - Training for Child Protection’, in Keeping Children Safe: A Toolkit for Child Protection. Keeping Children Safe Coalition. Available at: http://www.keepingchildrensafe.org.uk/toolkit.

Kemendikbud (2016) Seri Pendidikan Orang Tua: Pengasuhan Positif. 1st edn. Edited by A. M. Solihin and Y. T. Prabowo. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Kementerian Pemberdayaan Perempuan dan Perlindungan Anak (2016) Program prioritas kementerian pemberdayaan perempuan dan perlindungan anak. Available at: https://www.kemenpppa.go.id/index.php/page/view/4.

Kim, S. J. and Kang, K. A. (2017) ‘Effects of the child sexual abuse prevention education (C-SAPE) program on south Korean fifth-grade students’ competence in terms of knowledge and self-protective behaviors’, Journal of School Nursing, 33(2), pp. 123–132. doi: 10.1177/1059840516664182.

Knox, M. and Burkhart, K. (2011) ‘Effects of the ACT Raising Safe Kids Parenting Program on Children ’ s Externalizing Problems’, 60(October), pp. 491–503. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3729.2011.00662.x.

Knox, M. and Burkhart, K. (2014) ‘A multi-site study of the ACT Raising Safe Kids program: Predictors of outcomes and attrition’, Children and Youth Services Review. Elsevier Ltd, 39, pp. 20–24. doi: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2014.01.006.

Knox, M. S., Burkhart, K. and Hunter, K. E. (2011) ‘ACT Against Violence Parents Raising Safe Kids Program : Effects on Maltreatment- Related Parenting Behaviors and Beliefs’. doi: 10.1177/0192513X10370112.

Komisi Perlindungan Anak Indonesia (2016) Data Kasus Anak Pemantauan Media Online – 2016. Available at: https://bankdata.kpai.go.id/tabulasi-data/data-kasus-dari-media-online/data-kasus-anak-pemantauan-media-online-2016.

Leone, S. (2014) ‘The impact of a parenting intervention in Australia among migrants and refugees from Liberia , Sierra Leone , Congo , and Burundi : Parenting Program’, 9400(January 2017), pp. 71–79. doi: 10.5172/jfs.2011.17.1.71.

Lestari, G. (2015) ‘Bhinnekha Tunggal Ika : Khasanah Multikultural’, Jurnal Pendidikan Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan, 1, pp. 31–37.

Letourneau, E. J. et al. (2017) ‘Preventing the Onset of Child Sexual Abuse by Targeting Young Adolescents With Universal Prevention Programming’, Child Maltreatment, 22(2), pp. 100–111. doi: 10.1177/1077559517692439.

Lucy Faithfull Foundation (2014) Body Safety Training Workbook (BST).

Maalouf, W. and Campello, G. (2014) ‘The influence of family skills programmes on violence indicators: Experience from a multi-site project of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in low and middle income countries’, Aggression and Violent Behavior. Elsevier Ltd, 19(6), pp. 616–624. doi: 10.1016/j.avb.2014.09.012.

McDonald and Sayger (1998) Families and Schools Together (FAST) SAMSHHSA Model Programs.

Melati, D. P. et al. (2015) ‘Implementasi Penanganan Kasus Kekerasan Terhadap Anak Oleh Komisi Perlindungan’, 9(1), pp. 33–48.

Morawska, A. et al. (2011) ‘Is the Triple P-Positive Parenting Program Acceptable to Parents from Culturally Diverse Backgrounds ?’, pp. 614–622. doi: 10.1007/s10826-010-9436-x.

Müller, A. R., Röder, M. and Fingerle, M. (2014) ‘Child sexual abuse prevention goes online: Introducing “cool and Safe” and its effects’, Computers and Education, 78, pp. 60–65. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2014.04.023.

National Sexual Violence Resource Center (2011) ‘Child Sexual Abuse Prevention’, pp. 1–16.

Permani, A. W. (2018) ‘Data Kemensos Sebut Kasus Kekerasan Seksual Anak Meningkat’, Suara Surabaya. Available at: https://www.suarasurabaya.net/kelanakota/2018/Data-Kemensos-Sebut-Kasus-Kekerasan-Seksual-Anak-Meningkat/.

Perubahan Atas Undang-Undang Nomor 23 Tahun 2002 Tentang Perlindungan Anak (2014).

Phelan, T. W. (2016) 1-2-3 Magic Effective Discipline for Children 2-12. 6th edn. Sourcebooks.

Rahmaniah, A. N. (2014) ‘Identifikasi Kebutuhan Pendidikan Kesehatan Reproduksi Pada Anak Usia Sekolah Prapubertas di Kota Serang Tahun 2014’, pp. 1–17.

Riesch, S. K. et al. (2012) ‘Strengthening Families Program (10–14): Effects on the Family Environment’, 34(3). doi: 10.1177/0193945911399108.Strengthening.

Rudolph, J. et al. (2018) ‘Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Opportunities: Parenting, Programs, and the Reduction of Risk’, Child Maltreatment, 23(1), pp. 96–106. doi: 10.1177/1077559517729479.

Rudolph, J. and Zimmer-Gembeck, M. J. (2018) ‘Parents as protectors: A qualitative study of parents’ views on child sexual abuse prevention’, Child Abuse and Neglect. Elsevier, 85(July), pp. 28–38. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.08.016.

Sanders, M. R. (2008) ‘Triple P-Positive Parenting Program as a Public Health Approach to Strengthening Parenting’, Journal of Family Psychology, 22(4), pp. 506–517. doi: 10.1037/0893-3200.22.3.506.

Sawrikar, P. and Katz, I. (2018) ‘Preventing child sexual abuse (CSA) in ethnic minority communities: A literature review and suggestions for practice in Australia’, Children and Youth Services Review. Elsevier, 85(December 2017), pp. 174–186. doi: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.12.028.

Septia, M. P. (2016) ‘Upaya Indonesia dalam Penanganan Kasus Pedofilia di Pulau Bali’, IOSR Journal of Economics and Finance, 3(1), p. 56. doi: https://doi.org/10.3929/ethz-b-000238666.

Sumargi, A., Sofronoff, K. and Morawska, A. (2014) ‘Evaluation of a Brief Format of the Triple P-Positive Parenting Program: A Pilot Study With Indonesian Parents Residing in Australia’, 31, pp. 144–158. doi: 10.1017/bec.2014.7.

Teja, M. (2016) ‘Kondisi Sosial Ekonomi dan Kekerasan Seksual pada Anak’, Majalah Info Singkat Kesejahteraan Sosial, VIII(09).

Utami, P. N. (2018) ‘Pencegahan Kekerasan Terhadap Anak dalam Perspektif Hak Atas Rasa Aman Di Nusa Tenggara Barat’, Jurnal HAM, 9(1), p. 1. doi: 10.30641/ham.2018.9.1-17.

VOA (2019) Kasus Kekerasan Fisik dan Seksual pada Anak Meningkat di RI. Available at: https://www.voaindonesia.com/a/kasus-kekerasan-fisik-dan-seksual-pada-anak-meningkat-di-ri/5029008.html.

Wager, N. M., Wager, A. R. and Wilson, C. (2015) ‘Circles South East ’ s programme for partners of child sex offenders : A preliminary outcome evaluation’. doi: 10.1177/0264550515600541.

Walsh, K. and Brandon, L. (2012) ‘Their Children ’ s First Educators : Parents ’ Views About Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Education’, pp. 734–746. doi: 10.1007/s10826-011-9526-4.

Webster-Stratton, C. (2011) The incredible years ®. Incredible Years, Inc.

Zhang, W. et al. (2014) ‘Evaluation of a Sexual Abuse Prevention Education for Chinese Preschoolers’, Research on Social Work Practice, 24(4), pp. 428–436. doi: 10.1177/1049731513510409.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2019 Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education

This journal is indexed by:

    

        

     

          

In Collaboration with:


 

View PROMKES Stats

 

Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga

Campus C Universitas Airlangga

Jl. Mulyorejo Campus C UNAIR, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia.

E-mail: jurnal.promkes@gmail.com / jpromkes@fkm.unair.ac.id

Phone: +62 813-9351-4414