Family, Social, and Health Workers Support with Complience Behaviour to Patients with Hypertension in Bogor, Indonesia

Siska Maytasari, Ratu Ayu Dewi Sartika

Abstract views = 1045 times | downloads = 879 times


Background: Abnormalities of the heart and blood vessels marked by an increase in blood pressure are known as hypertension. Worldwide, high blood pressure is estimated to affect more than one in three adults aged 25 years and over, or about one billion people. Overall, high-income countries have a lower prevalence of hypertension (35% of adults) than low and middle-income groups (40% of adults). The prevalence of hypertension in Indonesia based on the Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) data in 2018 was 34.1%. Objective: This study determines the relationship of family support, social support, and health worker support with compliance of hypertensive patients. Methods: This research was conducted at the Tegal Gundil Community Health Center, North Bogor District, Bogor City, Indonesia, which was conducted from May to December 2017. The design of this study was cross-sectional. Sampling was carried out with a purposive sampling method with inclusion and exclusion criteria. The former consisted of all hypertensive patients aged 25-65 years who routinely control during the last six months who are present and willing to be interviewed during the study. The later includes hypertensive patients who have memory disorders with the number of samples of 110 respondents. Results: The results showed the respondents were dominated by the age of under 59 (75.5%), female (86.4%), junior high school as the highest education (68.2%), have no job (81.8%), and the prevalence of their sufferers’ compliance was 47.3%. The results of the Chi-square test showed that family support, social environment, and health workers were associated with compliance in hypertensive patients (OR = 2.461; CI 95% 1.140 to 5.310; P Value = 0.034). Conclusion: In order to improve compliance of patients with hypertension, it is necessary to pursue a program of activities focused on health promotion activities not only for patients but also involving family and social members.


Family, Health Workers, Hypertension, Social, Support

Full Text:



Arnoldus T, Y. (2019) Hubungan antara dukungan keluarga dengan kepatuhan minum obat pada penderita hipertensi di RSUD Dr. WZ Johannes Kupang NTT. Universitas Airlangga.

CDC, C. for D. C. and P. (2013) ‘Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Diabetes Statistic Report: Estimates of Diabetes and Its Burden in the United States,2014’, Reporters Sin Fronteras, pp. 2009–2012. doi: 10.1177/1527154408322560.

Desai, N. R., and Choudhry, N. K. (2013) ‘Impediments to adherence to post-myocardial infarction medications topical collection on new therapies for cardiovascular disease’, Current Cardiology Reports, 15(1). doi: 10.1007/s11886-012-0322-6.

Forouzanfar, M. H. et al. (2016) ‘Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 79 behavioral, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks, 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015’, The Lancet, 388(10053), pp. 1659–1724. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31679-8.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia (2014) ‘Pusdatin Hipertensi’, Infodatin, (Hipertensi), pp. 1–7. doi: 10.1177/109019817400200403.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia (2019a) ‘Hipertensi Penyakit Paling Banyak Diidap Masyarakat’, Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Sekretariat r Jenderal. Rencana Strategis Kementerian Kesehatan Tahun Rencana Strategis Kementerian Kesehatan Tahun, p. 248. doi: 351.077 Ind r.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia (2019b) Laporan Nasional Riskesdas Tahun 2018. Jakarta.

Kusumawati, D. (2014) Hubungan pengetahuan dan dukungan keluarga dalam pengaturan diit hipertensi dengan kepatuhan diit penderita hipertensi di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Mojo Panggung Banyuwangi. Sebelas Maret Surakarta.

Li, G., Hu, H.H., & Aroo, T. (2015) ‘The association of family social support, depression, anxiety and self-efficacy with specific hypertension self-care behaviors in Chinese Local Community’, Journal of Human Hypertension, 29(3), pp. 198–203.

Mahmoud, M. I. H. (2012) ‘Compliance with the treatment of patients with hypertension in Almadinah Almunawwarah: A community-based study’, Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences. Taibah University, 7(2), pp. 92–98. doi: 10.1016/j.jtumed.2012.11.004.

Mathew, J. et al. (2016) ‘Non-Compliance to Antihypertensive Medications and Associated Factors- Community Based Cross-Sectional Study from Kerala’, Scholars Journal of Applied Medical Sciences, 4(6), pp. 1956–1959. doi: 10.21276/sjams.2016.4.6.18.

Mills, K. T. et al. (2016) ‘Global disparities of hypertension prevalence and control’, Circulation, 134(6), pp. 441–450. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.115.018912.

Olowookere, A. et al. (2015) ‘Perceived family support and factors influencing medication adherence among hypertensive patients attending a Nigerian tertiary hospital’, Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 8(6), pp. 241–245. doi: 10.4103/1755-6783.162668.

Osamor, P. E. (2015) ‘Social support and management of hypertension in South-West Nigeria’, Cardiovascular Journal of Africa, 26(1), pp. 29–33. doi: 10.5830/CVJA-2014-066.

Padhy, M. et al. (2016) ‘Social Support and Adherence among Hypertensive Patients’, Amity Journal of Healthcare Management AJHM ADMAA Amity Journal of Healthcare Management, 1(11), pp. 33–40.

Prihartono, W., Andarmoyo, S. and Isroin, L. (2019) ‘Hubungan dukungan keluarga dengan kepatuhan pemenuhan diet pada penderita hipertensi’, Health Sciences Journal, 3, p. 1. doi: 10.24269/hsj.v3i1.215.

Si, B. (2012) ‘Adherence and generic substitution among hypertensive patients in a specialist hospital’, Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, 1(1), p. 8.

Tarigan, A. R., Lubis, Z. and Syarifah (2018) ‘Pengaruh Pengetahuan, Sikap Dan Dukungan Keluarga Terhadap Diet Hipertensi Di Desa Hulu Kecamatan Pancur Batu Tahun 2016’, Jurnal Kesehatan, 11(1), pp. 9–17. doi: 10.24252/kesehatan.v11i1.5107.

Temang, P. (2013) ‘Analisis Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Pasien TERHA MEN TENSI D ALAM K KONTEK KS ASUHA I KABUP ALISIS FA AKTOR- MEN’.

Wei, Y. C. et al. (2017) ‘Assessing sex differences in the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality per increment in systolic blood pressure: A systematic review and meta-analysis of follow-up studies in the United States’, PLoS ONE, 12(1), pp. 1–15. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0170218.

Whelton, P. K. et al. (2018) 2017 ACC/AHA/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/AGS/APhA/ ASH/ASPC/NMA/PCNA Guideline for the prevention, detection, evaluation, and management of high blood pressure in adults a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical pr, Hypertension. doi: 10.1161/HYP.0000000000000065.

WHO (2013) ‘World Health Day 2013 Measure Your Blood Pressure, Reduce Your Risk’, (September 2011), pp. 1–2.

Yeni, F., Husna, M. and Dachriyanus, D. (2016) ‘Dukungan Keluarga Memengaruhi Kepatuhan Pasien Hipertensi’, Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia, 19(3), pp. 137–144. doi: 10.7454/jki.v19i3.471.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2019 Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education

This journal is indexed by:





In Collaboration with:


View PROMKES Stats


Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga

Campus C Universitas Airlangga

Jl. Mulyorejo Campus C UNAIR, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia.

E-mail: /

Phone: +62 813-9351-4414