The Difference of Serum Vitamin E Levels between Adolescent Patients with and without Acne Vulgaris

acne vulgaris adolescent vitamin E antioxidant

Authors

  • Wahyunita Desi Ratnaningtyas Departement of Dermatology and Venereology Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga/Dr. Soetomo General Academic Teaching Hospital Surabaya
  • Sawitri Sawitri
    sawitri.rh@gmail.com
    Departement of Dermatology and Venereology Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga/Dr. Soetomo General Academic Teaching Hospital Surabaya
  • Dwi Murtiastutik Departement of Dermatology and Venereology Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga/Dr. Soetomo General Academic Teaching Hospital Surabaya
  • Afif Nurul Hidayati Departement of Dermatology and Venereology Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga/Dr. Soetomo General Academic Teaching Hospital Surabaya
March 31, 2020

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Background: Acne vulgaris (AV) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous unit, particularly among adolescents. The pathogenesis of AV is multifactorial, developing research studies  the role of free radicals and antioxidants imbalance that cause oxidative stress in AV. The main antioxidant found in the skin is vitamin E, which functions as a protector against lipid peroxide. Purpose: To compare serum vitamin E levels in adolescents with AV and healthy adolescents without AV (controls). Methods: This is a cross-sectional observational analytic study that involved 17 adolescents with AV and 17 controls in Dermatology and Venereology Outpatient Clinic Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital Surabaya. The subjects have met the inclusion and exclusion criterias. Result: The mean of vitamin E level in adolescent patients with AV was 7.8 ± 1.07 mg/mL and 10 ± 1.06 mg/mL in controls with the p-value in this study was p = 0.0001. Conclusion:  It was found that serum vitamin E levels in adolescent AV patients were significantly lower than the controls. Further research is required to find out more about the role of antioxidants in the pathogenesis of AV.

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