Antioxidant Activity Sonneratia caseolaris Leaves Extract at Different Maturity Stages

Winarti Winarti, Boedi Setya Rahardja, Sudarno sudarno

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jmcs.v8i3.21163
Abstract views = 445 times | downloads = 982 times

Abstract


Free radical is a reactive component because it has one or more electrons. Free radical is very dangerous for our body because it can cause degenerative diseases, such as cancer, heart attack, and aging. Cancer and heart attack are one of the most killer disease. All we can do to decrease the free radical effect is consume antioxidant. S. caseolaris leaves has antioxidant activity, but it has known yet which stage of maturity is the best one for produce the highest antioxidant activity. This purpose of this research is knowing the influence between maturity and antioxidant activity at different maturity stages. This method of this research is experimental with Completely Randomized Design. The treatment in this research is vitamin C, fresh leaves in ethanol 96% extract, young leaves in ethanol 96% extract, and mature leaves in ethanol 96% extract. The main parameter of this research is IC50 values and the secondary parameters are total content of phytochemical in every extract. Data analysis using descriptive method with 4 treatments and five replications. The result of this research show that the maturity has influence in antioxidant activity. Inhibitory concentration 50 (IC50) values of shoot leaves extract, young leaves extract and mature leaves extract is 12.0013 ppm, 13.9915 ppm and 14.6613 ppm. All of them are called antioxidant which has very strong activities. The highest phytochemical compound is found on shoot leaves extract with ethanol 96% solvent.


Keywords


Antioxidant activity, Sonneratia caseolaris, different maturity stages

Full Text:

PDF

References


Atta-ur-Rahman & Choudhary, M. I. (2001). Bioactive natural products a potential of pharmacophores, a theory of memory. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 73: 555-560.

Atmoko, T., & Ma’ruf, A. (2009). Uji toksisitas dan skrining fitokimia ekstrak tumbuhan sumber pakan orangutan terhadap larva Artemia salina L. Balai Penelitian Teknologi Perbenihan Samboja. 6(1): 37-45.

Aziz, A. & Jack, R. (2015).Total phenolic content and antioxidant activity in Nypa fruticans extracts. Journal of Sustainability Science and Manage-ment, 10(1): 87-91.

Conde, E.F., Cadahia, M.C., Garcia-Vallejo, Simon, B.F.D., & Adrados, J.R.G. (1997). Low molecular weight polyphenol in cork of quercus suber. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 45: 2695-2700.

Departemen Kesehatan. (2012). Profil kesehatan Jawa Tengah. Sema-rang: Departemen Kesehatan Jawa Tengah.

Dharmadasa, R. M., Abeysinghe, D. C., Dissanayake, D.M.N., Abeywardha-ne, K.W., & Fernando, N.S.. (2015). Leaf essential oil composition, antioxidant activity, total phenolic content and total flavonoid content of Pimenta dioica (L.) merr (Myrtaceae): a superior quality spice grown in Sri Lanka. Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, 3(2): 49-52.

Dia, S. P. S., Nurjanah, & Jacoeb, A.M. (2015). Komposisi kimia dan akti-vitas antioksidan akar, kulit batang dan daun lindur. Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia, 18(2): 205-219.

Hardiningtyas, S. D., Purwaningsih, S., & E. Handharyani, E. (2014). Aktivitas antioksidan dan efek hepatoprotektif daun bakau api-api putih. Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indo-nesia, 17 (1): 80-91.

Herawati, N. (2011). Potensi antioksidan ekstrak kloroform kulit batang tumbuhan mangrove (Sonneratia alba). Jurnal Chemica, 12(1): 9-13.

Howlader, M. S. I., Dey, S.K., Hira, A., & Ahmed, A. (2012). Evaluation of antinociceptive and antioxidant pro-perties of the ethanolic extract of sonneratia caseolaris leaves. Pela-gia research library der. Pharmacia Sinica, 3(5): 536-541.

Irianti, A. (2008). Aplikasi ekstrak daun sirih dalam menghambat oksidasi lemak jambal patin. Thesis. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Izzreen, N. Q. & Fadzelly, M. (2013). Phytochemicals and antioxidant properties of different parts of camellia sinensis leaves from sabah tea plantation in Sabah, Malaysia. International Food Research Journal, 20(1): 307-312.

Jacoeb, A. M., Purwaningsih, S., & Rinto. (2011). Anatomi, komponen bioaktif dan aktivitas antioksidan daun mangrove api-api (Avicennia mari-na). Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Peri-kanan Indonesia, 14(2): 143-152.

Jacoeb, A. M., Suptijah, P., & Zahidah. (2013). Komposisi kimia, komponen bioaktif dan aktivitas antioksidan buah lindur (Bruguiera gymnorrhiza). Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia, 16(1): 86-94.

Julkunen-Tiitto, R. (1985). Phenolics constituens in the leaves of northern willows: methods for the analysis of certain phenolics. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 33: 213-217.

Meda, A., Lamien, C.E., Romito, M., Milliogo, J., & Nacoulina, O.G.. (2005). Determination of the total phenolic, flavonoid and proline content in burkina fasan honey, as well as their radical scavenging activity. Food Chemistry, 91: 571-577.

Median, A., Abas, F., Ping, T.C., Khatib, A., & Lajis, N.H. (2012). Influence of Growth Stage and Season on the Antioxidant Constituents of Cosmos caudatus. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 67: 344-350.

Nas, S., Sultana, B., Shahid, M., & Khalil-ur-Rehman. (2013). Alteration in antioxidant and antimicrobial attri-butes of leaves of zizyphus species in response to maturation. Journal of Medical Plants Research, 7(2): 61-70.

Nayeem, N. & Karvekar, M. (2010). Comparative phytochemical and pharmacological screening of the methanolic extracts of the mature leaves of Tectona grandis. Int. J. Pharm. Biol. Science, 3: 132-136.

Noor, Y. R, Khazali, M., & Suryadiputra, I.N.N. (2012). Panduan pengenalan mangrove di Indonesia. Bogor: Wetlands Internasional - Indonesia Programe.

Noriham, A., Dian-Nashiela, F., Kherni Hafifi, B., Nooraain, H., & Azizah, A. (2015). Influences of maturity stages and extraction solvents on antioxidant activity of Cosmos caudatus leaves. International Jour-nal of Research Studies in Bio-sciences, 3: 1-10.

Phaecamud, T., Yodkhum, K., Limmat-vapirat, C., & Wetwitayaklung, P. (2012). Morphology, thermal, and antioxidative properties of water extracs from Sonneratia caseolaris (L.) Engl. prepared with freeze drying and spray drying. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biolo-gical and Chemical Sciences, , 3 (1): 725-739.

Pham-Huy, L. A., He Hua & Pham-Huy, C. (2008). Free radicals, antioxidants in disease and health. International Journal of Biomedical Science, 4(2): 89–96.

Purwaningsih, S., Salamah, E., Sukarno, A.P., & Deskawati, E. (2013). Aktivitas antioksidan dari buah mangrove (Rhizopora mucronata Lamk.) pada suhu yang berbeda. Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia, 16(3): 199-206.

Putri, I. J., Fauziyah & Elfita. (2013). Aktivitas antioksidan daun dan biji buah nipah (Nypa fruticans) asal pesisir banyuasin sumatera selatan dengan metode DPPH. Maspari Journal, 5(1): 16-21.

Riipi, M., Ossipov, V., Lempa, K., Haukioja, E., Koricheva, J., Ossi-pova, S., & Pihlaja, K. (2002). Seasonal changes in birch leaf chemistry: are there trade offs between leaf growth, and accu-mulation of phenolics. Oecologia, 130(3) : 380–390.

Siddiqui, M. S., Memon, A. A., Memon, S., & Baloch, S. G. (2017). Cuscuta reflexa as a rich source of bioactive phenolic compounds. Journal of Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants, 23(2): 157-168.

Simlai, A., Rai, A., Mishra, S., Mukherjee, K., & Roy, A. (2014). Antimicrobial and antioxidative activities in the bark extracts of Sonneratia caseolaris a mangrove plant. Experimental and Clinical Sciences Journal, 13: 997-1010.

Yuan, M., Jia, X., Ding, C., Yuan, S., Zhang, Z., & Chen, Y. (2014). Comparative studies on bioactive constituents in hawk tea infusions with different maturity degree and their antioxidant activities. The Scientific World Journal. 1-7.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Winarti Winarti, Boedi Setya Rahardja, Sudarno sudarno

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexing by :

 

View JMCS Stats

  

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

 

Flag Counter