Prevalence of Protozoa in Gastrointestinal Tract of Pigeons (Columba livia) Maintenance Ekstensif and Intensif in Surabaya

Prevalence protozoa gastrointestinal tract pigeons Trichomonas gallinae

Authors

  • Felita Widyaningsih
    felita.widyaningsih-2017@fkh.unair.ac.id
    Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga
  • Muchammad Yunus Department of Veterinary Parasitology - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga
  • Rimayanti Rimayanti Department of Veterinary Reproduction - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga
  • Setiawan Koesdarto Department of Veterinary Parasitology - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga
  • Lucia Tri Suwanti Department of Veterinary Parasitology - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga
  • Agus Sunarso Department of Veterinary Parasitology - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga
December 3, 2019

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This research was conducted to determine the prevalence of major gastrointestinal protozoal infections, the kinds of protozoa that infects and maintenance systems influence on pigeons in Surabaya. Pigeon taken from five regions of Surabaya namely North Surabaya, East Surabaya, West Surabaya, South Surabaya and Surabaya Center. Each region is taken as many as 20 pigeons consisted of 10 pigeons with extensive maintenance system  and 10 pigeons with intensif maintenance system. So that the total overall sample is 100 pigeons. Laboratory examination (microscopic) was conducted in November 2017 until January 2017. Examination of the upper gastrointestinal tract using throat swabs and stool samples were examined with native methods, sedimentation, and flotation. Identification using a microscope using 40x objective scale and 10x oculer scale to determine gastrointestinal protozoal that was found. Data was analyzed using Chi Square Test statistical analysis. Results showed 78% of the positive samples gastrointestinal protozoa infections in pigeons in the city of Surabaya. Results of Chi Square Test statistical analysis showed a p value of 0.030 (p<0.05) which means significantly different. Types of protozoa found that Trichomonas gallinae (49%) and Eimeria sp. (61%). The prevalence of gastrointestinal protozoal pigeons on extensive maintenance sistem  was higher (44%) compared to the intensive caresis system(34%).

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