Prevalence of Blood Protozoa Disease on Cattle and Buffalo in Moyo Hilir Sub-District, Sumbawa District West Nusa Tenggara

Melani Anggraini, Hardany Primarizky, Mufasirin Mufasirin, Lucia Tri Suwanti, Poedji Hastutiek, Setiawan Koesdarto

= http://dx.doi.org/10.2473/jops.v3i1.16424
Abstract views = 186 times | views = 479 times

Abstract


The aim of this research was to determine the type and prevalence of blood protozoa disease on cattle and buffalo in Moyo Hilir sub-district, Sumbawa District, Wes Nusa Tenggara. This research was taken on july until December 2018. This research used a non-experimental method through an observation study. The samples of this research were made in thin blood smear using 20% Giemsa’s stain and all samples were from 200 blood of cattle and buffalo in Moyo Hilir sub-district, Sumbawa District, West Nusa Tenggara. The results showed that the prevalence of blood protozoa disease was 11.5 Based on the type of blood protozoa, the highest prevalence was Anaplasma sp. (11%), followed by Theileria sp. (0.5%), while Babesia sp. And Trypanosoma sp. Were not found. Based on the livestock types, the prevalence in buffalo was higher (17%)than cttle (6%). Based on sex the prevalence in female was higher (12.6%) than male (10.11%). Based on age of livestock, the prevalance of livestock with age > 2 years old was higher (13.33%) than livestock with age ≤ 2 years old (10.4%) based on the location of the village, blood protozoa disease were only found in Olatrawa village (17.85%) and Serading village (17.82%), while in Kakiang and Moyo village were not found. The conclusion of this research indicate that prevalence of blood protozoa disease was 11.5% and only Anaplasma sp. And Theileria sp. Were found.


Keywords


anaplasmosis, babesiosis, theileriosis, trypanosomiasis, Sumbawa District.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anggraini, N. F. 2013. Kajian Penyakit Parasit Darah pada Sapi Potong Peternakan Rakyat di Kecamatan Ujungjaya, Kabupaten Sumedang, Jawa Barat [Skripsi]. Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Hal. 6.

Ardhiyanto, B. 2015. Parasitemia dan Diferensial Leukosit Kerbau Perah (Bubalus bubalis) Akibat Parasit Darah di Kabupaten Tapanuli Utara Sumatera Utara [Skripsi]. Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Hal. 9 – 15.

BPS Kabupaten Sumbawa. 2018. Populasi Ternak di Kabupaten Sumbawa Menurut Kecamatan, 2016. https://sumbawakab-.bps.go.id/dynamictable/2018/04/06/162/populasi-ternak-di-kabupaten sumba wa-menurutkeca-matan-2016.html. [12 Mei 2018]

Chauhan, H. C., B. K. Patel, A. G. Bhagat, M. V. Patel, S. I. Patel, S. H. Raval, H. H. Panchasara, M. D. Shrimali. A. C. Patel, and B. S. Chandel. 2015. Comparison of Mole-cular and Microscopic Technique for Detection of Theileria Annulata from The Field Cases of Cattle. Vet. World. 8(11): 1370-1374.

Desquesnes, M., P. Holzmuller, De-Hua L., A. Dargantes, Zhao R.L., and S. Jittaplapong. 2013. Trypanosoma evansi and Surra: A Review and Perspectives on Origin, History, Distribution, Taxonomy, Morpho¬logy, Hosts, and Pathogenic Effects. Bio. Med. Research International. 2013: 1-22.

Dwiyani, N. P., N. Setiati, dan P. Widiyaning-rum. 2014. Ektoparasit pada Ordo Artio-dactyla di Taman Margasatwa Semarang. Unnes J. Life Sci. 3(2): 124-129.

Hornok, S., G. Foldvari, V. Elek, V. Naranjo, R. Farkas, and J. D. L. Fuente. 2008. Mole¬cular identification of Anaplasma marginale and rickettsial endosymbionts in blood-sucking flies (Diptera: Tabanidae, Muscidae) and hard ticks (Acari: Ixodidae). Vet. Parasitol. 154(3): 354-359.

Guswanto, A., P. Allamanda, E. S. Mariamah, S. Sodirun, P. E. Wibowo, L. Indrayani, R. H. Nugroho, I. K. Wirata, N. Jannah, L. P. Dias, H. P. Wirawan, R. Yanto, B. Tuvshintulga, T. Sivakumar, N. Yokoyama, and I. Garashi. 2017. Molecular and serological detection of bovine babesiosis in Indonesia. Bio. Med. Central. 10(1): 550-563.

Kalman, M. 2017. Infeksi Parasit Darah pada Sapi Perah di Kawasan Usaha Ternak (KUNAK) Cibungbulang Kabupaten Bogor [Skripsi]. Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan. Institut Per-tanian Bogor. Hal. 10 - 12.

Laksmi, L. K. N., N. M. S. Handayani, D. Mustikawati, M. Septiani dan I. P. S. Budi. 2016. Peta Penyakit Hewan dan Mutu Porduk Hewan di Wilayah Provinsi Bali, Nusa Tenggara Barat dan Nusa Tenggara Timur Tahun 2016. Balai Besar Veteriner Denpasar. Denpasar.

Leliana dan T. Rizalsyah. 2015. Infestasi Caplak Ixodidae pada Sapi Lokal Aceh dan Balai Pembibitan Ternak Unggul dan Hijauan Pakan Ternak (BPTU – HPT) Indrapuri Kabupaten Aceh Besar. Jurnal Edukasi dan Sains Biologi. 4(2): 10 – 13.

Mastra, I. K. 2011. Seroprevalensi Trypano¬somiasis di Pulau Sumbawa, Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat. Buletin Vet. BBVet Denpasar. 23(79) : 131-138.

Matondang, R. H. dan C. Talib. 2015. Pemanfaatan Ternak Kerbau Untuk Mendukung Peningkatan produksi Susu. J. Litbang Pert. 34(1): 41-49.

Mufasirin, N. D. R. Lastuti, E. Suprihati, dan L. T. Suwanti. 2016. Buku Ajar Ilmu Penyakit Protozoa. Airlangga University Press. Surabaya. 3-8.

OIE. 2013. Bovine Babesiosis. https://www.oie.i nt/fileadmin/Home/eng/AnimalHealthintheWorld/docs/pdf/Diseasecards/BOVINEBABESIOSIS.pdf. [14 Mei 2018]

Ridwan, M. 2018. Analisis Curah Hujan dan Sifat Hujan Bulan Juli 2018. https://www.bmkg .go.id/iklim/informasihujanbulanan.bmkg?p=analisis-curah-hujandan-sifat-hujan bulan -juli - 2018〈=ID. [30 Desember 2018]

Sasmita, R., P. Hastutiek, A. Sunarso, dan M. Yunus. 2013. Buku Ajar Arthropoda Veteriner. Airlangga University Press. Surabaya. 71.

Sulistyaningsih, S. 2016. Infestasi Caplak Boophilus microplus pada Sapi Potong di Kota Banjarbaru. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Inovasi Teknologi Pertanian Banjarbaru. p. 1320-1327.

Suwanti, L. T., N. D. R. Lastuti, E. Suprihati, dan Mufasirin. 2011. Petunjuk dan Laporan Praktikum Ilmu Penyakit Protozoa. Depar-temen Parasitologi Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Airlangga.3-4.

Suwanti, L. T., N. D. R. Lastuti, E. Suprihati dan Mufasirin. 2012. Buku Ajar Protozoologi Veteriner. Airlangga University Press. Surabaya. 49-58.

Taylor, M. A., R. L. Coop, and R. L. Wall. 2007. Veterinary Parasitology. 3rd. ed. Blackwell Publishing. Oxford. xviii.

Wibowo, R. J. 2014. Kajian Penyakit Parasit Darah pada Sapi Potong di Kecamatan Cipatujah, Kabupaten Tasikmalaya, Jawa Barat [Skripsi]. Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Hal. 6 – 11.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Parasite Science

View My Stats