PARENT’S STRATEGY TO ATTRACT CHILDREN TO EAT, FEEDING DURATION, AND ITS RELATION TO WEIGHT FOR AGE Z-SCORE IN CHILDREN
Appropriate feeding practices are critical for gaining and maintaining nutrition and development in children. Previous study in feeding practices indicated that inappropriateness in feeding practices had consequences in children’s growth and development. This study aimed to determine corelation between parents strategy to attract children to eat and feeding duration to weight for age z-score in children. This was a simple random sampling, cross-sectional study and held on April to June 2016 in Dr. Soetomo Hospital and Husada Utama Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia. Subjects in this study were children from 6 to 24 months. Feeding practice determined by interview with children’s parents which consisted parent’s strategy to attract children to eat, feeding duration, and then children were measured weight for age z-score using WHO chart. Statistical analysis used Spearman correlation test. Thirty children were enrolled, 50% were male, with median age 16.5 months (6-24 months). Parents strategy to attract children to eat (53.3% talking, 30% playing and 16.7% watching television) had correlated signifi cantly with weight for age (r= 0.35, p= 0.028). Meanwhile, 56.7% children with feeding duration more than 30 minutes and 43.3% children with time feeding duration less than 30 minutes. Feeding duration had no correlation with weight for age in children (r=-0.32, p=0.43). We conclude from this study that parents strategy to attract children to eat had signifi cant correlation to weight for age but feeding duration had no correlation with weight for age. This study implied that strategy to attract children to eat is necessity in children physical development. Meanwhile, feeding duration has no signifi cant implication. We recommended children must be persuaded as part of parents strategy in order to attract them to eat.
Agrina, Omote, S., Tsuda, A., Okuwa, M., Kimura, R., Syahrul. Et al. (2017). A study of determining factors on underweight among toddlers in Riau, Indonesia. Journal of Wellness and Health Care. Vol 41(1).
Bangladesh Directorate General of Health Services. (2007). National strategy for infant and young child feeding in Bangladesh 2007. Dhaka: Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of Bangladesh.
Bernard-Bonnin, A. (2006). Feeding problems of infants and toddlers. Can Fam Physician. 52:1247-51.
Caetano, M.C., Ortiz T.T., da Silva S.G., de Souza F.I., Sarni R.O. (2010). Complementary feeding: inappropriate practices in infants. J Pediatr (Rio J). 86(3):196-201. doi:10.2223/JPED.1994.
Goday PS, Huh SY, Silverman A, Lukens CT, Dodrill P, Cohen SS, et al., (2019). Pediatric Feeding Disorder-Consenses Defi nition and Conceptual Framework. JPGN.68:124-29.
Green LW. (2002). Health Education Planning, ‘A Diagnostic Approach’. Mayfi eld Publishing Company: California.
Kandel, K.P., Sah, B.K., Kafle, S., Khanal, S., Adhikari, B. (2016). Factors affecting complementary feeding among mothers of under two years children in Darai and Kumal communities Mangalpur, Chitwan. JCMC. 6(18): 24-30. doi:10.3126/jcmc.v6i4.16711.
Kerzner B. (2009). Clinical investigation of feeding difficulties in young children: a practical approach. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 48:960-5. doi: org/10.1177/0009922809336074.
Kerzner B., Milano K., MacLean W.C.Jr, Berall G., Stuart S., Chatoor I. (2015). A practical approach to classifying and managing feeding difficulties. Pediatrics. 135:344-53. doi: 10.1542/peds.2014-1630.
Martini M.G., Taborelli E., Schmidt U., Treasure J., Micali N. (2018). Infant feeding behavious and attitudes to feeding amongst mother with eating disorders: A longitudinal study. Eur Eat Disorders Rev 27(2):1-10.
Nasreddine L., Zeidan M.N., Naja F., Hwalla N. (2012). Complementary feeding in the MENA region: Practices and challenges. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 22:793-8. doi:10.1016/j. numecd. 2012.05.010. National Health Survey. (2018). Improvement in Nutritional Status. Diakses dari http://www. depkes.go.id/article/view/19013100001/statusgizi-indonesia-alami-perbaikan.html.
Romano C., Hartman C., Privitera C., Cardile S., Shamir R. (2015). Current topics in the diagnosis and management of the pediatric non organic feeding disorders (NOFEDs). Clin Nutr. 34:195-200. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2014.08.013.
Scaglioni S., Salvioni M., Galimberti C., (2008). Infl uence of parental attitudes in the development of children eating behavior. British Journal of Nutrition. 99: Suppl. 1, S22–S25.
Silva G.A., Costa K.A., Giugliani E.R. (2016). Infant feeding: beyond the nutritional aspects. J Pediatr (Rio J). 92(3Suppl1):S2-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jped.2016.02.006.
Sjarif D.R., Yuliarti K., Lestari E.D., Sidiartha I.D.L., Nasar S.S., Mexitalia M. (2015). Praktik pemberian makan berbasis bukti pada bayi dan batita di Indonesia untuk mencegah malnutrisi. Jakarta.
UNICEF. (2013). Key Facts and Figures on Nutrition Report UNICEF. Diakses dari http:// www.unicef.org/media/files/UNICEF_Key_ facts_and_fi gures_on_Nutrition.docx.
White J.M., Begin F., Kumapley R., Murray C., Krasevec J. (2017). Complementary feeding practices: current global and regional estimates. Matern Child Nutr. 13(S2):e12505:1-12 doi:10.1111/mcn.12505.
- MEDIA GIZI INDONESIA Journal is the copyright owner of all materials published on this website.
- The formal legal provisions for access to digital articles of this electronic journal are subject to the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0), which means that MEDIA GIZI INDONESIA Journal and readers reserve the right to save, transmit media / format, manage in database, maintain, and publish articles as long as it continues to include the name of the Author.
- Printed and published print and electronic manuscripts are open access for educational, research and library purposes. In addition to these objectives, the editorial board shall not be liable for violations of copyright law.