OBESITAS DAN TINGKAT STRES BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN HIPERTENSI PADA ORANG DEWASA DI KELURAHAN KLAMPIS NGASEM, SURABAYA
Obesity and Stress Level are Associated with Hypertension among Adulthood in Klampis Ngasem, Surabaya

Shirley Priscilla Gunawan, Merryana Adriana

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v15i2.119-126
Abstract views = 1207 times | downloads = 4375 times

Abstract


Globalization era has led to higher demands and expectancy for life, causing higher stress level followed by higher prevalence of obesity and hypertension. Obesity and stress has became risk factors of hypertension and heart disease. This study purposed for analyzing the correlation between obesity and stress level with hypertension among church community in Indonesian Christian Church (GKI) Manyar Surabaya. This study was an analytic observational study with a cross-sectional design. Subject of this study were chosen using simple random sampling method. Data were collected by interviewing subjects, calculating subjects’ Body Mass Index (BMI) based on their height and body weight measurement, measuring blood pressure and fi lling DASS-42 questionnaire. All data were analyzed with Spearman test using SPSS v25.0. 76 subjects aged 18-45 year were participated in this study. This study showed 21.1% subjects were overweight and 42.1% were obese. 65.8% subjects experienced stress with a DASS score above 14. Twenty seven subjects experienced prehypertension and 12 others experienced hypertension stage 1. Based on statistical calculation, obesity (r=0.577; p<0.001) and stress level (r=0.370; p=0.001) are positively correlated to hypertension. Health promotion should be held to increase knowledge and awareness about the danger of obesity and stress to hypertension. Therefore, people can put more eff orts to maintain ideal body weight, learn to manage stress well and control blood pressure regularly

Keywords


adult; hypertension; obesity; stress level

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abbott, A. (2012). Urban Decay Scientists are Testing the Idea that the Stress of Modern City Life is a Breeding Ground for Psychosis. Nature, 490(7419), pp. 162-164.

Agustina, R., & Raharjo, B. B. (2015). Faktor Risiko yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Hipertensi Usia Produktif (25-52 Tahun). Unnes Journal of Public Health, 4(4), pp. 146-158.

Aprilia, B. (2007). Hubungan Antara Status Gizi, Konsumsi Garam Serta Keteraturan Minum Obat dengan Tekanan Darah Penderita Hipertensi. Skripsi. Universitas Airlangga.

Bello, B. T., Amira, C. O., Braimoh, R. W., & Nwizu, C. C. (2016). Obesity among Adult Nigerians: Relationship with Blood Pressure, Blood Sugar, and Proteinuria. Saudi Journal of Obesity, 4(2), pp. 68-74

Cahyaning, D. (2017). Hubungan antara Status Gizi dengan Kejadian Hipertensi pada Dewasa Awal di Dusun Bendo Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Srandakan Bantul Yogyakarta. Skripsi. Universitas Alma Ata Yogyakarta.

Departemen Kesehatan RI. (2009). Hipertensi Faktor Risiko Utama Penyakit Kardiovaskular. Retrieved December 7, 2018, from http://www.depkes.go.id/pdf.php?id=157

Departemen Kesehatan RI. (2013). Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) 2013. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan RI.

Dinas Kesehatan Kota Surabaya. (2018). Profil Kesehatan Tahun 2017. Surabaya: Dinas Kesehatan Kota Surabaya.

Hu, B., Liu, X., Yin, S., Fan, H., Feng, F., & Yuan, J. (2015). Effects of Psychological Stress on Hypertension in Middle-Aged Chinese: A Cross-Sectional Study. PLOS ONE, 10(6), pp. 1-13.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2014). Infodatin Hipertensi. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan RI.

Klabunde, R. E. (2013). Cardiovascular Physiology Concepts. Retrieved April 24, 2019 from https://www.cvphysiology.com/Blood%20Pressure/BP023.htm

Liu, Mei.-Yan., Li, Na, Li, William. A., & Khan, Hajra. (2017). Association between Psychosocial Stress and Hypertension: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Neurological Research, 39(6), pp. 573-580.

Mohamud, Wan Nazaimoon W., Musa, Kamarul I., Khir, Amir S.M., Ismail, Aziz al-Safi., Ismail, Ikram S., Kadir, Khalid A., Kamaruddin, Nor A., Yaacob, Nor A., Mustafa, N., Ali, O., Isa, Siti H. M., & Bebakar,

Wan Mohamad W. (2011). Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Adult Malyasians: an Update. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 20(1), pp. 35-41.

Musradinur. (2016). Stres dan Cara Mengatasinya Dalam Perspektif Psikologi. Jurnal Edukasi, 2(2), pp. 183-200.

National Institue of Mental Health. (2017). 5 Things You Should Know About Stress (NIH Publication No. OM 16-4310), Bethesda, MD: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Peltzer , K., & Pengpid, S. (2018). The Prevalence and Social Determinants of Hypertension among Adults in Indonesia: A Cross-Sectional Population-Based National Survey. International Journal of Hypertension, Volume 2018, pp. 1-9.

Re, Richard N. (2009). Obesity-Related Hypertension. The Ochsner Journal, 9(3), pp. 133-136.

Rizky, E., Wahyuningsih, & Zulpahiyana. (2017). Hubungan antara Stres dengan Kejadian Hipertensi pada Dewasa Awal di Dusun Bendo Desa Trimurti Srandakan Bantul Yogyakarta. Skripsi. Universitas Alma Ata Yogyakarta.

Saleh, M., Basmanelly, & Huriani, E. (2014). Hubungan Tingkat Stres dengan Derajat Hipertensi pada Pasien Hipertensi di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Andalas Padang Tahun 2014. Ners Jurnal Keperawatan, 10(1), pp. 166-175.

Siervo, M., Montagnese, C., Mathers, J. C., Soroka, K. R., Stephan, B. C. M., & Wells, J. C. K. (2013). Sugar Consumption and Global Prevalence of Obesity and Hypertension: an Ecological Analysis. Public Health Nutrition, 17(3), pp. 587-596.

Tripathy, V., Satapathy, K. C., & Gupta, R. (2006). Nutritional Status and Hypertension Among Tibetan Adults in India. Human Ecology Special Issue, Issue 14, pp. 77-82.

Wang, R. Zhang, P., Gao, C., Li, Z., Lv, X., Song, Y., Yu. Y., & Li, B. (2016). Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity and Some Associated Factors Among Adult Residents of Northeast China: a Cross-Sectional Study. BMJ Open, 6(7), pp. 1-8.

World Health Organization. (2017). Global Health Observatory (GHO) Data. Retrieved April 4, 2019, from https://www.who.int/gho/ncd/risk_factors/overweight/en/

World Health Organization. (2018). Obesity and overweight. Retrieved December 7, 2018, from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity-and-overweight


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Media Gizi Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

             

    

 

 In Collaboration

View MGI Stats