Female Librarians Stereotype in the 2000s Indonesian Film

Nina Mayesti, Aprinus Salam, Ratna Noviani

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/rlj.V4-I1.2018.15-21
Abstract views = 137 times | views = 166 times


This paper discusses about the research that had examined the female librarian stereotype in Indonesian films, particularly release during the 2000s. Using the paradigm of cultural and media studies, this research examined six Indonesian films portraying female librarian. The units of analysis in this study are those film scenes that were either set in a library or that portrayed female librarians. The method used to analyze the data source is the Critical Discourse Analysis. The results of this study showed that the female librarians were stereotyped in Indonesian films, such as age, dress and hair style. Librarians were depicted as an old woman with the old-fashioned dress and outdated hairstyle. The film’s portrayal of the female librarians were representative of the stereotype in general, i.e. passive, stuffy, and orderly. But on the other hand they were depicted as a friendly, smart, helpful person, and sometimes breaking the rules. Library profession was portrayed traditionally as “library-keeper”, not as someone who plays a role in information and knowledge dissemination.


librarian stereotype, female librarian, librarian in movies, Indonesian film

Full Text:



Acerro, H. (2001). The librarian stereotype in current films. Information Science, 209. Retrieved from http://besser.tsoa.nyu.edu/impact/f01/Papers/Acerro/ finalpaper.html

Chowdury, G.G., Burton, P.F., McMenemy, D., Poulter, A. (2008). Librarianship: an introduction. London: Facet Publishing.

Creswell, J.W. (2015). Penelitian kualitatif & desain riset: memilih di antara lima pendekatan.(3rd ed.). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Dyer, R. (2006). Stereotyping. In Durham, M.G. & Kellner, D.M. (Eds). Media and Cultural Studies: Key Works. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.

Given, L.M. (2008). The Sage encyclopedia of qualitative research methods. California: Sage Publication.

Hall, S. (2013). The work of representation. In Representation. 2nd ed. Hall, S., Evans, J., Nixon, S. (Eds). London: Sage Publication.

Kress, G. & van Leeuwen, T. (2001). Reading images: the grammar of visual design. (2nd ed.). London: Bloomsbury Academi.

Mortimer, M. (2007). Library Speak: A Glossary of Terms in Librarianship and Information Management, First North American Edition, Texas: TotalRecall Publications.

Radford, M. L. & Radford, G. (2003). Librarians and party girls: cultural studies and the meaning of the librarian. The Library Quarterly, 73(1), 54-69.

Raish, M. (1993). Librarians in the movies: an annotated filmography. Retrieved from http://emp.byui.edu/ RAISHM/films/introduction.html.

Shaffer, C. & Casey, O. (2013). Behind the Glasses and beneath the bun: portrayals of librarians in popular cinema and a guide for developing a collection. Collection Building, 32(2), 39-45.

van Leeuwen, T. (2008). Discourse and practice: new tools for critical discourse analysis. New York: Oxford University Press.

Walker, S. & Lawson, V. L. (1993). The Librarian stereotype and the movies. The Journal of Academic Media Librarianship, 1(1), 16-28. Retrieved from http://wings.buffalo.edu/publications/mcjrnl/ v1n1/image.html.

Wells, Julia A. (2013), The Female Librarian in Film: Has the Image Changed in 60 Years?. SLIS Student Research Journal, 3(2), Article 2. Retrieved from http://scholarworks.sjsu.edu/slissrj/vol3/iss2/2.

Wodak, R. 2009. “What CDA is about - a summary of its history, important concepts and its developments”. In Wodak, R. & Meyer, M. (Eds). Methods of critical discourse analysis. 2nd ed. London: Sage.


  • There are currently no refbacks.






View My Stats