Pengaruh Organizational Constraints dan Kepribadian Terhadap Work Engagement Pada Relawan

Fermansyah Bagus Yudha Pratama, Dewi Syarifah

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jpkm.V5I12020.1-12
Sari views = 365 times | downloads = 122 times

Sari


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui adanya pengaruh organizational constraints dan kepribadian terhadap work engagement pada relawan. Penelitian mengenai work engagement pada konteks pekerjaan tidak dibayar seperti relawan masih terbatas (Vecina, Chacon, Sueiro, & Barron, 2012). Adanya turnover yang terjadi pada relawan di organisasi non-profit mengindikasikan rendahnya work engagement pada relawan (Scherer, Allen, & Harp, 2015). Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu kuantitatif dengan jumlah subjek 141 relawan. Alat ukur yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu Organizational Constraints Scale (OCS) (Liu, Nauta, Li, & Fan, 2010), Big Five Inventory (BFI) versi Indonesia (Ramdhani, 2012), dan Utrecth Work Engagement Scale (UWES) versi relawan (Vecina, Chacon, Sueiro, & Barron, 2012). Analisa data dilakukan dengan menggunakan uji regresi berganda dalam IBM SPSS 22 for Windows. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan organizational constraints dan kepribadian berpengaruh terhadap work engagement relawan. Sementara dimensi yang berpengaruh terhadap work engagement relawan yaitu dimensi interpersonal constraints dan agreeableness.


Kata Kunci


Big Five Personality; Kepribadian; Organizational Constraints; Relawan; Work Engagement

Teks Lengkap:

PDF (English)

Referensi


Akhtar, R., Boustani, L., Tsivrikos, D., & Premuzic, T. C. (2015). The Engageable Personality: Personality and Trait El as Predictors of Work Engagement. Personality and Individual Differences, 44-49.

Alfes, K., Shantz, A. D., Truss, C., & Soane, E. C. (2013). The Link Between Perceived Human Resources Management Practices, Engagement, and Employee Behaviour: A Moderated Mediation Model. The International Journal of resources Management, 330-351.

Bakker, A. B. (2011). An Evidence-Based Model of Work Engagement. Current Directions in Psychological Science , 265-269.

Bakker, A. B., Demerouti, E., & Sanz-Vergel , I. (2014). Burnout and Work Engagement: The JD-R Approach. The Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 389-411.

Byrnes, O. (2014). An Investigation Into Employee Engagement in the Hotel Sector in the West of Ireland. Ireland: National College of Ireland.

Carlo, G., Okun, M. A., Knight, J., & de Guzman, M. R. (2010). The Interplay of Traitsand Motives on Volunteering: Agreeableness, Extraversion, and Prosocial Value Motivation. Personality and Individual Differences, 1293-1305.

Crawford, E. R., LePine, J. A., & Rich, B. L. (2010). Linking job demands and resources to employee engagement and burnout: A theoretical extension and meta-analytic test. Journal of Applied Psychology, 834-848.

Harp, E. R., Scherer, L. L., & Allen, J. A. (2017). Volunteer Engagement and Retention: Their Relationship to Community Service Self-Efficacy. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quartely, 442-458.

Huynh, J. Y., Metzer , J. C., & Winefield, A. H. (2012). Validation of the Four-Dimensional Connectedness Scale in a Multisample Volunteer Study: A Distinct Construct from Work Engagement and Organizational Commitment. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 1056-1082.

Huynh, J. Y., Xanthopoulou, D., & Winefield, A. H. (2014). The Job Demands-Resources Model in Emergency Service Volunteers: Examining the Mediator Roles of Exhausting, Work Engagement, and Organizational Connectedness. Work & Stress, 305-322.

Jenkinson, C. E., Dickens, A. P., Jones, K., Coon, J. T., Taylor, R. S., Rogers, M., & Richards, S. H. (2013). Is Volunteering a public health intervention? A sistematic review and meta-analysis of the health and survival of volunteers. BMC Public Health, 1-10.

John, O., & Srivastava , S. (1999). The Big-Five Trait Taxonomy: History, Measurement, and Theoretical Perspective. In L. A. Pervin, & O. P. John, Handbook of Personality: Theory and Research (pp. 102-138). New York: The Guilford Press.

Kossowska, M., & Laguna, M. (2018). Personality, Job Resources, and Self-Efficacy as Predictors of Volunteer Engagement in Non-Governmental Organizations. Journal for Perspective of Economic Political and Social Integration, 69-89.

Langelaan, S., Bakker, A. B., van Doornen, L. P., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2006). Burnout and Work Engagement: Do Individual Differences Make a Difference? Personality and Individual Differences, 521-532.

Langelaan, S., Bakker, A. B., van Doornen, L. P., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2006). Burnout and Work Engagement: Do Individual Differences Make a Difference? . Personality and Individual Differences, 521-532.

Liu, C., Nauta, M., Li, C., & Fan, J. (2010). Comparisons of Organizational and Their Relations to Straints in China and The United States. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 456-467.

Liu, C., Nauta, M., Li, C., & Fan, J. (2010). Comparisons of Organizational Constraints and Their Relations to Straints in China and The United States. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 456-467.

McCann, S. J. (2017). Higher USA State Resident Neuroticism is Associated With Lower State Volunteering Rates. Personality and Social Psychology Buletin, 1659-1674.

Myers, J. (2014). Employee Locus of Control and Engagement in Nonprofit Organizations. Walden Disertations and Doctoral Studies.

Pallant, J. (2011). SPSS survival manual: A step by step guide to data analysis using SPSS for windows. Australia: Allen & Unwin.

Pech, R., & Slade, B. (2006). Employee Disengagement: Is There Evidence of A Growing Problem? Handbook of Business Strategy, 21-25.

Peters, L. H., & O'Connor, E. J. (1980). Situasional Constraints and Work Outcomes: An interactionist perspective. Journal of Social Issues, 391-397.

Ramdhani, N. (2012). Adaptasi Bahasa dan Budata Inventory Big Five. Jurnal Psikologi, 189-207.

Ravikumar, T. (2013). A Study on Impact of Team Work, Work Culture, Leadership, and Compensation on Engagement Level of Employees in MSMES in India. International Journal of Research in Management and Social Research, 175-185.

Salanova, M., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2008). A Cross-National Study of Work Engagement as a Mediator Between Job Resources and Proactive Behaviour. The International Journal of Human Resources Management, 116-131.

Schaufeli, W. B., Bakker, A. B., & Salanova, M. (2006). The measurement of work engagement with a short questionnaire: A cross-national study. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 701-716.

Schaufeli, W. B., Salanova, M., Gonzalez-Roma, V., & Bakker, A. B. (2002). The Measurement of Engagement and Burnout: A Two Sample Confirmatory Factor Analytic Approach. Journal of Hapines Study, 71-92.

Scherer, L. L., Allen, J. A., & Harp, E. R. (2015). Grin and bear it: An examination of volunteer fit with their organization, burnout, and spirituality. Burnout Research, 1-10.

Spector, P. E., & Jex, S. M. (1998). Development of Four Self-Report Measures of Job Stressors and Straints: Interpersonal Conflict at Work Scale, Organizational Constraints Scale, Quantitative Workload Inventory, and Physical Symptoms Inventory. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 356-367.

Unkefer, L. (2017, January 17). Arizona State University. Retrieved from Retrieved from ASU Lodester Center for Philanthropy and Nonprofit Innovation: https://lodestar.asu.edu/blog/2017/01/how-can-nonprofits-improve-volunteer-retention

Vantilborgh, T., & Puyvelde , S. V. (2017). Volunteer Reliability in Nonprofit Organizations: A Theoretical Model. International Society for Third-Sector Research.

Vecina, M., Chacon, F., Sueiro, M., & Barron, A. (2012). Volunteer Engagement: Does Engagement Predict the Degree of Satisfaction among New Volunteer and the Commitment of Those who have been Active Longer? Applied Psychology: An International Review, 130-148.

Yassinia, S. (2016). Pengaruh Modal Psikologis Terhadap Keterikatan Kerja Relawan di Organisasi Gerakan Melukis Harapan. Skripsi.

Yassinia, S. (2016). Pengaruh Modal Psikologis Terhadap Keterikatan Kerja Relawan di Organisasi Gerakan Melukis Harapan. Skripsi.

Zaidi, N. R., Zaidi, S. F., Zaidi, S. M., Waijid, R. A., & Xaidi, G. B. (2013). The Big FIve Personality Traits and Their Relationship With Work Engagement Among Public Sector University Teachers of Lahore. African Journal of Business Management, 1344-1353.

Zhao, H., & Seibert, S. E. (2006). The Big FIve Personality Dimensions and Enterpreneurial Status: A Meta-Analytical Review. Journal of Applied Psychlogy, 259-271.


Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


##submission.copyrightStatement##

##submission.license.cc.by4.footer##

INSAN JPKM Telah Terindeks:

     

 

INSAN JPKM Telah Terdaftar Dengan:

p-ISSN:2528-0104 ; e-ISSN 2528-5181

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Statistik Jurnal

Lihat Statistik