Isnaini Fajariah, Triska Susila Nindya, Sri Sumarmi

Abstract views = 345 times | views = 566 times


Women labor process consists of several stages which each of it has risk to unspontaneous labor that need assistance, such as vaccum, induction, forcep, and section caesarean. The risk could be worsened by maternal anemia or low Hb concentration. Reducing anemia can be done by iron and folic acid (IFA) and multimicronutrients (MMN) supplementation. The aim of this study is to analyze the correlation between type of supplement with gestational age, duration of labor, and type of labor. The study design used was cross sectional. The population is mother in delivery who has given the supplement when they were pregnant. The population were spread in 9 sub-districts in Probolinggo district. The sample was 60 respondents that selected by simple random sampling. Data analysis used was chi square. The result showed that the duration of respondents’ labor, both IFA (73.3%) or MMN (83,3%) were in aterm category, that is 37-42 weeks. Duration of labor was categorized in non-prolonged labor or less than 24 hours (IFA=100%, MMN=93.3%). The most common type of labor is spontaneous without assistance (IFA=70.0%, MMN=66.7%). There is no correlation between type of supplement with gestational age (p = 0,144), duration of labor (p = 0,492), and type of labor (p = 0,492). This research suggest that further research should be carried out regarding factors that strongly effect gestational age, duration of labor, and types of labor such as Hb level, consumption pattern, and supplement consumption methods.

Keywords: duration of labor, gestational age, supplement, type of labor

Full Text:



Aljebory, H., & Hamdy, A. (2014). The correlation between Vitamin D level and primary cesarean section. Middle East Journal of Family Medicine, Vol.12, 1-6. Diakses dari

Allen, L. (2001). Biological Mechanisms That Might Underlie Iron’s Effect on Fetal Growth and Preterm Birth. The Journal of Nutrition,

, 58IS-89S. Diakses dari

Almatsier, S. (2004). Prinsip Dasar Ilmu Gizi. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Basuki, H. (2002). Insidensi Anemia Kehamilan, Faktor yang Memengaruhi, dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Terjadinya Komplikasi Kehamilan Persalinan dan Nifas (Unpublished master’s thesis). Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya.

Cossack, ZT. (1986). Somatomedin-C And Zinc Status In Rats Affected By Zn, Protein and Food Intake. British journal of nutrition, 56(01), 163-

Diakses dari

Cunningham, F & Gary. (2006). Obstertri Williams: Volume 1 Edisi 21. Jakarta: EGC.

Christian, P. (2003). Micronutrients And Reproductive Health Issues: An International Perspective. The Journal of Nutrition, 133(6), 1969S-1973S. Diakses dari http://www.ncbi.

Christian, P., West, K.P., Jr., Khatry, S.K., Katz, J., Shresta, S.R., Pradhan, E.K., LeCClerg, S. (2000). Vitamin A or β-carotene supplementation reduces symptoms of illness in pregnant and lactating Nepali Women. The Journal of nutrition, 130(11), 2675-2682.

Grober, U. (2012). Mikronutrien: Penyelarasan Metabolik, Pencegahan, dan Terapi. Jakarta: EGC.

Guyton and Hall. (2006). Medical Physiology;Elevent edition. Jakarta: EGC.

Fajariah, I. (2015). Analisis Perbedaan Pada Ibu Hamil Yang Diberi Iron dan Folic Acid dengan Multimicronutrient (Unpublished master ’s thesis). Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya.

Levy, A., Fraser, D., Katz, M., Mazor, M., & Sheiner, E. (2005). Maternal anemia during pregnancy is an independent risk factor for low birthweight and preterm delivery. European Journal of Obstetrics &Ginecology and Reproductive Biology, 122, 182-186. doi:


Manuaba. IBG. (2010) . Ilmu Kebidanan, Penyakit Kandungan & Keluarga Berencana untuk Pendidikan Bidan. Jakarta: EGC.

Malhotra, M., Sharma, J., Batra,s., Sharma, S., Murthy, N., & Arora, R. (2002). Maternal and perinatal outcome in varying degrees of anemia. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 79, 93-100. Diakses dari Elsevier Science.

Murray, R., Granner, D., and Rodwell, V. (2009). Biokimia Harper Edisi 27. Jakarta: EGC. Mochtar, R. (1998). Sinopsis Obstetr : Obstetri

Fisiologi, Obstetri Patologi Jilid 1 Edisi 2. Jakarta: EGC.

Osrin, D., Vaidya, A., Shresta,Y., Baniya, R., Manandar, D., Adhikari, R.,Filteau, S., Tomskin, A., and Costella, A. (2005). Effect of Antenatal Multiple Micronutrient Supllementation on Birthweight and Gestational Duration in Nepal: double blind, randomized controlled trial. The Lancet, 365(9463), 955-962. Diakses dari The Lancet Global Health.

Pirazzoli, P,Cacciari, E., Iasio, R., Pittalis, M., Dallacas, P., Zucchini, S., Gualandi, S., Salardi, S., David, C., and Boschi, S. (1997). Developmental Pattern of Fetal Growth Hormone, Insuline-like Growth Factors I, Growth Hormone Binding Protein and Insuline-like Growth Factors Binding Protein-3. Arch Dis Fetal Neonatal, 77, F100-F104. Diakses dari pubmed/9377129

Ramakrishnan, U., Gonzales , C., Neufield, L., Rivera J, &Martorell R. (2003). Multiple micronutrient supllementation during pregnancy does not lead to greater infant birth size than does iron only supplementation: A Randomized controlled trial in a semirural community in Mexico. Am J Clin Nut, 77, 720-25. Diakses dari

Roberfroid, D., Huybregts, L., Lanou, H., Henry, M., Meda, N., & Menten, J. (2008). Effect of maternal multiple micronutrient supplementation on fetal growht: A double blind randomized controoled trial in rural Burkina Faso. Am J Clin Nutr, 88, 1330-40. Diakses dari American Society for Nutrition.

Sadiyah, N. (2014).Pengaruh Faktor Reproduksi Ibu dan Anemia Terhadap Lama Persalinan Kala I Fase Aktif di Ruang Bersalin Jemursari Kota Surabaya (Unpublised master’s thesis). Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya.

Sumarmi, S. (2014). Pr econceptional Supplementation of Multiple Micronutrients to Improve Maternal Iron Status and Pregnancy Outcomes (Unpublished master ’s thesis). Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya.

Visser, M., Deeg, D., & Lips, P. (2003). Low vitamin D and high parathyroid hormone levels as determinants of loss of muscle strength and muscle mass (sarcopenia): The Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam. The Journal of Clinical Endocology and Metabolism, 88 (12). Diakses dari pubmed/14671166.

Zeng, L., Cheng, Y., Dang, S., Yan, H., Dible, M., Chang, S. (2008). Impact of Micronutrient Supplementation During Pregnancy On Birth Weight, Duration of gestation, and perinatal mortality in rural western China: Double blind cluster randomised controlled trial. BMJ, 337. doi:10.113/ bmj.a2001


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Media Gizi Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.



 In Collaboration

View MGI Stats