Relationship between Nutrition Literacy in High School Students Nutritional Status (Study on SMAN 1 Kota Tangerang)

Nutrition literacy Obesity Students Nutritional status


30 November 2023
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Background: Nutritional literacy is a measure of an individual's ability to obtain, process, and understand information related to nutrition to be used as a basis for decision-making related to nutrition. Individual decisions related to nutrition play a major role in determining eating patterns and physical activity.

Objectives: This study aimed to analyze the relationship between nutritional literacy level on the nutritional status of students at SMAN 1 Kota Tangerang.

Methods: This was an observational study with a cross-sectional research design. The research location was conducted at SMAN 1 Kota Tangerang with a sample size of 168 people selected randomly using a purposive random sampling technique. Research data were collected by filling out a Google Forms questionnaire. Data were analyzed by the chi-square test.

Results: The results showed that there was a relationship between mother's education level (p=0,031); pocket money (p=0,037); and gender (p=0,027) with nutritional status of students. Meanwhile, nutritional literacy which was divided into functional, interactive, and critical domains showed no relationship with nutritional status (p=0,054; p=0,687; and p=0,769).

Conclusions: There was no direct relationship between nutritional literacy with the nutritional status of SMAN 1 Tangerang students. Strengthening nutrition education through the curriculum and collaboration of various parties is needed to achieve a better level of nutritional literacy.