TIDAK ADA PERBEDAAN BERAT BAYI LAHIR ANTARA IBU DIABETISI DAN IBU NON-DIABETISI

Authors

  • Emi Nur Cholidah
    emicholida@yahoo.com
    Departemen Gizi Kesehatan Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Bambang Wirjatmadi Departemen Gizi Kesehatan Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
January 21, 2017

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Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic multisystem disease characterized by hyperglycemia due to abnormalities in insulin  secretion and/or insulin work. In pregnancy, diabetes mellitus became one of the risk factor for infant’s high birth weight. The other potential factors are mother’sage, pre-pregnancy nutritional status, pregnancy weight gain, gestational age, and parity. Therefore, the research wanted to analyze the difference of birth weight between diabetic mother and non-diabetic mother. Comparative analytical method was used in this study with cross-sectional design.
The sample in this study was 10 diabetic mothers and 10 non-diabetic mothers which was taken by simple random sampling in RSU Haji Surabaya. Independendent T-test was used to analyze the birth weight difference. The result showed that the proportion of hight birth weight were more prevalent in diabetic mothers (50%) than non-diabetic mothers (30%). Independent T-test analysis showed there was no difference in birth weight between diabetic mothers and non-diabetic mothers (p= 0,208). Further reseach is needed to understand birth weight determinant factors, particularly in diabetic mothers.

Keywords: Birth Weight Infants, Diabetes mellitus, pregnancy, nutritional status