ANALISIS HUBUNGAN ANTARA LINGKAR PERUT, ASUPAN LEMAK, DAN RASIO ASUPAN KALSIUM MAGNESIUM DENGAN HIPERTENSI

Rifka Laily Mafaza, Bambang Wirjatmadi, Merryana Adriani

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v11i2.127-134
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Abstract


In the epidemiological transition, death due to degenerative disease is higher than infectious disease. One of degenerative disease is  hypertension. Some modifi able risk factors of  hypertension are  obesity and  nutrient intake. Many studies showed that o besity, especially central o besity can lead h ypertension. Dietary factors related high fat intake and imbalance calcium magnesium intake ratio also can lead  hypertension. The aims of this study was to determine the relationship between waist circumference, fat intake, and calcium magnesium intake ratio with  hypertension. The subject in this case control study was selected by simple random sampling in 27 hypertensive patients and 27 non hypertensive patients, then they were measured blood pressure and  anthropometry, daily intake recalled, and interviewed. Chi Square test showed that waist circumference (p=0.000) and fat intake (p=0.024) had a signifi cant relationship with h ypertension, while the calcium magnesium intake ratio (p=0.573) had no signifi cant relationship with  hypertension. The logistic regression showed that waist circumference had the most signifi cant relationship with h ypertension (p=0.012; OR=9.508). In this study, there was a relationship between  waist circumference (central o besity) and fat intake above recommended daily intake with h ypertension, while  calcium magnesium intake ratio had no signifi cant relationship with h ypertension. People with central o besity had a 9.508 risk to be hypertensive person than people with normal waist circumference.

Keywords


nutrient intake, hypertension, obesity

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