Penentuan Faktor Pengelolaan Tambak yang Mempengaruhi Produktivitas Tambak Kabupaten Mamuju, Provinsi Sulawesi Barat
[Determining Of Brackishwater Pond Management Factors That Effect On The Brackishwater Pond Productivity In Mamuju Regency, West Sulawesi Province]

Akhmad Mustafa, Erna Ratnawati, Irmawati Sapo

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jipk.v2i2.11651
Abstract views = 613 times | downloads = 1235 times

Abstract


Abstract
One of regency in West Sulawesi Province that has vast area of brackishwater ponds is Mamuju Regency. However, there is not yet information on pond management that conducted by farmers in Mamuju Regency. Hence, it was carried out a research that aim to know pond management factors that effect on the pond productivity in Mamuju Regency. Survey method that applied to find primary data and ponds production also pond management by means of questionnaires. The dependent variable in this research was total production, while the independent variables were pond management factors that consists of 30 variables. Multiple regressions with dummy variable were used to analyze the data in predicting total production. The results show that total production of brackishwater ponds in Mamuju Regency is 349.5 kg/ha/season in average. There are seven pond management variables that effect on total production in Mamuju Regency i.e. stocking density of milkfish, stocking density of tiger prawn, out-break disease, initial liming, duration of milkfish culture, initial pest control with teaseed and size of tiger prawn that stocked in the brackihswater pond. The total productivity of brackishwater pond can be increase through increasing dosage of initial liming, increasing duration of milkfish culture, increasing dosage of teaseed as initial pest control as well as increasing size of tiger prawn that stocked in the brackishwater ponds.


Keywords


brackishwater pond, management, productivity, Mamuju Regency

Full Text:

PDF

References


Daftar Pustaka

Anonim. 1990. Potensi sumberdava perikanan pantai Selat Makassar. Dalam: Cholik, F., M.J.R. Yakob, Rosmiati, A. Mustafa, H. Pramana dan A.M. Pirzan (eds.). Presiding Temu Karya Ilmiah Potensi Sumberdaya Perikanan Pantai Sulawesi Selatan. Baia. Penelitian Budidaya Pantai, Maros. him. 121-124.

Anonim. 2003. Laporan Statistik Perikanan Sulawesi Selatan 2002. Dinas Perikanan dan Kelautan Propinsi Sulawesi Selatan, Makassar.

Anonim. 2004a. Laporan Pelaksanaan Pembangunan Sektor Perikanan dan Kelautan Periode 2000-2004 (5 Tahun). Dinas Perikanan dan Kelautan Kabupaten Mamuju, Mamuju.

Anonim. 2004b. Peluang Usaha dan Investasi pada Sektor Kelautan dan Perikanan di Kabupaten Polewali Mamasa Propinsi Sulawesi Barat. Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan Kabupaten Polewali Mamasa, Polewali.

Basuni, I. 1990. Potensi sumberdaya perikanan pantai Kabupaten Polmas. Dalam: Cholik, F., Yakob, M.J.R. Yakob, Rosmiati, A. Mustafa, H. Pramana dan A.M. Pirzan (eds.). Presiding Temu Karya Ilmiah Potensi Sumberdaya Perikanan Pantai Sulawesi Selatan. Balai Penelitian Budidaya Pantai, Maros. him. 81-94.

Baticados, M.C.L. and J.O. Paclibare. 1992. The use of chemotherapeutic agents in aquaculture in the Philippines. In: Shariff, M., R.P. Subasinghe and J.R. Arthur (eds.). Diseases in Asian Aquaculture I. Fish Health Section, Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, p. 531-546.

Coakes, S.J-, L. Steed and J. Price. 2008. SPSS: Analysis without Anguish: Version 15.0 for Windows. John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd., Milton, Qld. 270 pp.

Draper, N.R. and H. Smith. 1981. Applied Regression Analysis. Second Edition. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 709 pp.

Eldani, A. and J.H. Primavera. 1981. Effect of different stocking combination of growth, production and survival rate of milkfish (Chanos chanos Forskal) and prawn (Penaeus monodon Fabricius) in polyculture in brackishwater ponds. Aquaculture 23: 59-72.

Flegel, T.W. 1996. A turning point for sustainable aquaculture: the white spot virus crisis in Asia shrimp culture. Aquaculture Asia 1: 29-34.

Halachmi, I., Y. Simon, R. Guette and E.M. Hallerman. 2005. A novel computer simulation model for design and management of re-circulating aquaculture systems. AquaculturalEngineering 32: 443-464.

Hanafi, A. 1990. Socio-economic and managerial profiles of brackishwater aquaculture in South Sulawesi. Jurnal Perikanan Budidaya Pantai 6(2): 97-114.

Karthik, M., J. Suri, N. Saharan and R.S. Biradar. 2005. Brackish water aquaculture site selection in Palghar Taluk, Thane district of Maharashtra, India, using the techniques of remote sensing and geographical information system. Aquacultural Engineering 32: 285-302.

Liao, I.C., J.-J. Guo and M.-S. Su. 2000. The use of chemicals in aquaculture in Taiwan, Province of China. In: Arthur, J.R., C.R. Lavilla-Pitogo and R.P. Subasinghe (eds.). Use of Chemicals in Aquaculture in Asia. Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center Aquaculture Department, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines, p.193-205.

Mangampa, M dan A. Mustafa. 1992. Budidaya udang windu, Penaeus monodon pada padat penebaran berbeda dengan menggunakan benih yang dibantut. Jurnal Penelitian Budidaya Pantai 8(4): 37-48.

Mangampa, M., A. Mustafa dan A.G. Mangawe. 1990. Penelitian pendahuluan pada budidaya tambak sistem semi-intensif dengan menggunakan benur windu, Penaeus monodon yang dibantut. Jurnal Penelitian Budidaya Pantai 6(1): 40-46.

Mangampa, M., N. Kabangnga, A. Mustafa, dan M. Tjaronge. 1994. Budidaya udang windu, Penaeus monodon secara intensif menggunakan benur yang dibantut dalam wadah yang berbeda. Jurnal Penelitian Budidaya Pantai 10(5): 89-95.

Meagaung, W.M., M.N. Nessa, A. Hanafi dan M.N. Jalaluddin. 2000. Faktor-faktor dominan yang berpengaruh terhadap akumulasi bahan organik pada tambak udang intensif. Lingkungan & Pembangunan 20(1); 43-51.

Mustafa, A. dan E. Ratnawati. 2005. Faktor pengelolaan yang berpengaruh terhadap produksi rumput laut (Gracilaria verrucosd) di tambak tanah sulfat masam (Studi kasus di Kabupaten Luwu, Propinsi Sulawesi Selatan). Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia II(7): 67-77.

Mustafa, A. dan E. Ratnawati. 2007. Faktor-faktor dominan yang mempengaruhi produktivitas tambak di Kabupaten Pinrang, Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Riset Akuakultur 2(1): 117-133.

Mustafa, A., I. Sapo dan M. Paena. 2009. Studi penggunaan produk kimia dan biologi pada budidaya udang vaname (Litopenaeus vannamei) di tambak Kabupaten Pesawaran, Provinsi Lampung. Balai Riset Perikanan Budidaya Air Payau, Maros. 28 him,

Mustafa, A. dan M. Mangampa. 1990. Usaha budidaya udang tambak menggunakan benur windu, Penaeus monodon yang berbeda lama pembantutannya. Jurnal Penelitian Budidaya Pantai 6(2): 35-48.

Mustafa, A. dan Rachmansyah. 2008. Kebijakan dalam pemanfaatan tanah sulfat masam untuk budidaya tambak. Dalam: Sudradjat, A., I W. Rusastra dan S. Budiharsono (eds.), Analisis Kebijakan Pembangunan Perikanan Budidaya. Pusat Riset Perikanan Budidaya, Jakarta, him. 1-11.

Nessa, M.N. 1985. Pengaruh Faktor Pengelolaan dan Lingkungan terhadap Daya Hasil Tambak (Kasus Kabupaten Pangkep, Sulawesi Selatan). Disertasi S3. Fakultas Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor. 213 him.

Patadjai, R.S. 2007. Pertumbuhan, Produksi dan Kualitas Rumput Laut Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty padaBerbagai Habitat Budidaya yang Berbeda. Disertasi S3. Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar. 163 him.

Primavera, J.H. 1993. A critical review of shrimp pond culture in the Philippines. Rev. Fish. Sci. 1: 151-201.

Rajendran, K.V., K.K. Vijayan, T.C. Santiago and R.M. Krol. 1999. Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India. Journal of Fish Diseases 22: 183-191.

Ratnawati, E., A. Mustafa dan Rachmansyah. 2008. Faktor status pembudidaya, kondisi dan pengelolaan tambak yang berpengaruh terhadap produksi rumput laut (Gracilaria verrucosd) di tambak tanah sulfat masam Kabupaten Luwu Utara Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Riset Akuakultur 3(2): 275-287.

Ratnawati, E., Mustafa, A. dan Utojo. 2009. Faktor pengelolaan yang mempengaruhi produksi udang windu di tambak Kabupaten Bulukumba, Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan. Dalam: Presiding Seminar Nasional Perikanan 2009: Teknologi Penangkapan Ikan, Permesinan Perikanan, Teknologi Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan, Sosial Ekonomi Perikanan. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat, Sekolah Tinggi Perikanan, Jakarta, him. 617-626.

Sokal, R.R. and F.J. Rohlf. 1981. Biometry: The Principles and Practice of Statistics in Biological Research. Second edition: W.H. Freeman and Co., New York. 859 pp. SPSS (Statistical Product and Service Solution). 2006. SPSS 15.0 BriefGuide. SPSS Inc., Chicago. 217pp.

Sukarman. 1990. Potensi sumberdaya perikanan pantai Kabupaten Mamuju. Dalam: Cholik, F., M.J.R. Yakob, Rosmiati, A. Mustafa, H. Pramana dan A.M. Pirzan (eds.). Presiding Temu Karya Ilmiah Potensi Sumberdaya Perikanan Pantai Sulawesi Selatan. Balai Penelitian Budidaya Pantai, Maros. him. 99-104.

Tabachnick, B.G. and L.S. Fidell. 1996. Using Multivariate Statistics. Third edition. Harper Collins College Publishers, New York. 880 pp.

Talle, U. 1990. Potensi sumberdaya perikanan pantai Kabupaten Majene. Dalam Cholik, F., M.J.R. Yakob, Rosmiati, A. Mustafa, H. Pramana dan A.M. Pirzan (eds.). Presiding Temu Karya Ilmiah Potensi Sumberdaya Perikanan Pantai Sulawesi Selatan. Balai Penelitian Budidaya Pantai, Maros. him. 95-98.

Wirartha, I M. 2006. Metodologi Penelitian Sosial Ekonomi. Penerbit Andi, Yogyakarta. 383 hlm.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2010 Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan

 JIPK IS INDEXED BY :

                  

       

     

                      

           

 

             

          

     

                  

      

      

       

     

     

       

                     

View JIPK Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

 

EDITORIAL  OFFICE

JURNAL ILMIAH PERIKANAN DAN KELAUTAN (JIPK) /SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF FISHERIES AND MARINE

FAKULTAS PERIKANAN DAN KELAUTAN, UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA
Kampus C UNAIR, Jl. Dharmahusada Permai No.330, Mulyorejo,
Kota Surabaya, Provinsi Jawa Timur. Indonesia. 60115
Telepon: (031) 5911451
Fax. (031) 5965741
Email : jipk@fpk.unair.ac.id

 

 

 This Journal is Supported by