BODY IMAGE, TINGKAT KECUKUPAN ZAT GIZI, DAN FAD DIETS PADA MODEL REMAJA PUTRI DI SURABAYA
[Body Image, Nutritional Adequacy Level, and Fad Diets among Female Adolescent Models in Surabaya]

Imas Nur Jannah, Lailatul Muniroh

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v14i1.95-105
Abstract views = 838 times | views = 1115 times

Abstract


Female adolescent models are required to look attractive which could trigger a negative body image and rapid weight loss by involving fad diets. This study was aimed to analyze the relationship between body image and nutritional adequacy level with fad diets among female adolescent models in Surabaya. This study was a cross sectional on 60 female adolescent models aged 14-20 who were selected by accidental sampling technique. Nutritional adequacy level was assesed using food recall 2x24 hours, body image and fad diets were evaluated using modified Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ-16a) and fad diets questionnaire. Data were analyzed by chi square test. The results showed that most female adolescent models had negative body image (58.3%); energy adequacy level (80.0%), carbohydrate (86.7%), protein (56.7%), and fat (56.7%) were categorized deficient; doing fad diets (70,0%). There were moderate correlation between body image and fad diets (r=0.484) and there was a weak correlation between energy adequacy level (r=0.054), carbohydrate (r=0.188), protein (r=0.090), and fat (r=0.232) with fad diets. It was concluded female adolescent models who had a negative body image tend to do fad diets. Female adolescent models are expected to have a healthy diet and balanced nutrition, also consult to nutritionist in order to achieve an ideal body weight.


Keywords


nutritional intake; body image; fad diets; models

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adriani, M. & Wirjatmadi, B. (2012). Peranan gizi dalam siklus kehidupan. Jakarta: Kencana Pradanamedia Group.

Allen, B. G., Bhatia, S. K., Anderson, C. M., Eichenberger-gilmore, J. M., Sibenaller, Z. A., Mapuskar, K. A., & Fath, M. A. (2014). Redox biology ketogenic diets as an adjuvant cancer therapy : History and potential mechanism. Redox Biology, 2, 963–970. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.redox.2014.08.00 2

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan RI. (2010). Riset Kesehatan Dasar (RISKESDAS) Tahun 2010. Jakarta.

Brown, J. (2013). Nutrition through the life cycle. USA: Wadsworth.

Cash, T. F., & Smolak, L. (2011). Body image: A handbook of science, practice, and prevention. New York: Guiford Press.

Collins, C. E. (2011). Dietary strategies for successful weight loss and maintenance: More evidence required. Journal of the American

Dietetic Association, 111(12), 1822–1825. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2011.09.016

Edefonti, V., Rosato, V., Parpinel, M., Nebbia, G., Fiorica, L., Fossali, E., & Agostoni, C. (2014). The effect of breakfast composition and energy contribution on cognitive and academic performance : a systematic review. American Journal Clinical Nutrition, 100(2), 626–656. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.114.083683.A

Evans, C., & Dolan, B. (1993). Body shape questionnaire : Derivation of shortened "Alternate forms". International Journal of Eating Disorders, 13(3), 315–321. Retrieved from https://www.psyctc.org/tools/bsq/pdf/bsq16a.pdf

Evans, E. H., Tovée, M. J., Boothroyd, L. G., & Drewett, R. F. (2013). Body dissatisfaction and disordered eating attitudes in 7- to 11- year-old girls: Testing a sociocultural model. Body Image, 10(1), 8–15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2012.10.0 01

Grogan, S. (2016). Body image: Understanding body dissatisfaction in men, women and childern (3rd ed.). New York: Routledge.

Haq, A. B., & Murbawani, E. A. (2014). Status gizi, asupan makan remaja akhir yang berprofesi sebagai model. Journal of Nutritional College, 3(4), 489–494. Retrieved from https://ejournal3.undip.ac.id/index.php/jnc/ article/view/6841

Hardinsyah, M. S., & Supariasa, I. D. (2017). Ilmu gizi teori dan aplikasi. Jakarta: EGC.

Health Research Funding. (2014). Pros and cons of fad diets. Retrieved from http://healthresearchfunding.org/pros-consfad-diets/

Khawandanah, J., & Tewfik, I. (2016). Fad diets: Lifestyle promises and health challenges. Journal of Food Research, 5(6), 80. https://doi.org/10.5539/jfr.v5n6p80

McNight, C. (2017). Health risks of yo-yo dieting. Retrieved from http://www.livestrong.com/article/353915- health-risks-of-yoyo-dieting

Nurvita, V. (2015). Hubungan antara self-esteem dengan body image pada remaja awal yang mengalami obesitas. Jurnal Psikologi Klinis Dan Kesehatan Mental, 4(1), 1–9.

Owen, L., Scholey, A. B., Finnegan, Y., Hu, H., & Sünram-lea, S. I. (2012). The effect of glucose dose and fasting interval on cognitive crossover study. Psychopharmacology, 220(3), 577–589. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-011-2510-2

Park, S. (2017). Comparison of body composition between fashion models and women in general. Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry, 21(4), 22–26. https://doi.org/10.20463/jenb.2017.0032

Pelegrini, A., & Beck, C. C. (2014). Dissatisfaction with body image among adolescent students : association with socio-demographic factors and nutritional status. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, 19(4), 1201–1208. https://doi.org/10.1590/1413- 81232014194.09092012

Rodgers, R .F., Ziff, S., Lowy, A. S., Yu, K., & Austin, S. B. (2017). Results of a strategic science study to inform policies targeting extreme thinness standards in the fashion industry. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 50(3), 284–292. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22682

Siwi, A. P. S., & Nindya, T. S. (2016). Body image berhubungan dengan indeks massa tubuh, tapi tidak dengan waist to hip ratio pada vegetarian putri di Surabaya. Media Gizi Indonesia, 11(2), 113–119. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v11i2.113- 119

Sulistyan, A., Huryati, E., & Hastuti, J. (2016). Distorsi citra tubuh, perilaku makan, dan fad diets pada remaja putri di Yogyakarta. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia, 12(3), 99– 107. Retrieved from https://jurnal.ugm.ac.id/jgki/article/view/22 644

Syarafina, A., & Probosari, E. (2014). Hubungan eating disorder dengan status gizi pada remaja putri di modeling agency Semarang. Journal of Nutritional College, 3(2), 48–53. Retrieved from https://ejournal3.undip.ac.id/index.php/jnc/ article/view/5440

Tejoyuwono, A. A. T., Sudargo, T., & Padmawati, R.S. (2011). Persepsi mahasiswa program studi gizi kesehatan terhadap citra tubuh ahli gizi. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia, 8(1), 42–49. Retrieved from https://jurnal.ugm.ac.id/jgki/article/view/17 730/11511

Vander Wal, J. S. (2012). Unhealthy weight control behaviors among adolescents. Journal of Health Psychology, 17(1), 110– 120. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105311409787

Widyakarya Pangan dan Gizi VIII. (2004). Ketahanan pangan dan gizi di era otoomi daerah dan globalisasi. Jakarta.

Yuliana, B. N., & Dieny, F. F. (2013). Ketidakpuasan terhadap citra tubuh dan kejadian female athlete triad (fat) pada remaja putri. Journal of Nutritional College, 2(4), 704–712.

Yusintha, A. N., & Adriyanto. (2018). Hubungan antara perilaku makan dan citra tubuh dengan status gizi remaja putri usia 15-18 tahun. Amerta Nutrition, 2(2), 147– 154. https://doi.org/10.20473/amnt.v2.i2.2018.1 47-154


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Media Gizi Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

             

    

 

 In Collaboration

View MGI Stats