HUBUNGAN KONSUMSI SUGAR-SWEETENED BEVERAGES DENGAN KEJADIAN DIABETES MELLITUS PADA LANSIA
[The Correlation Between Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Consumption and Diabetes Mellitus in Elderly]

Putri Ramadhani, Trias Mahmudiono

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v13i1.49-56
Abstract views = 643 times | views = 1200 times

Abstract


Elderly becomes the most risky group in developing type 2 diabetes because they are more susceptible for carbohydrate metabolism disorders that can appear as diabetes. This study was aimed to determine the correlation between consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and sex with the incidence of diabetes mellitus in the elderly. The population in this study were all elderly population (age> 60 years) in Jagir Public Health Center working area. This research used case control design with simple random sampling technique as a sampling method. The number of samples was 78 respondents with 39 samples of case group and 39 samples of control group. Data were analyzed using linear regression and logistic regression test. The results showed that there was a correlation between the consumption of SSBs and the incidence of diabetes mellitus in elderly (p = 0.000; OR = 9.375). Female elderly consumed more SSBs than men elderly (female's sugar consumption 26.9%, brown sugar 69.2%, syrup 75.6% and sachet drinks 73.1%, while mal’s sugar consumption 9%, brown sugar 20.5%, syrup 16.7% and sachet drinks 15.4%). In conclusion, this research revealed consumption of SSB’s was higher in female elderly and SSB’s consumption was correlated with the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus.


Keywords


sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs); diabetes mellitus (DM); elderly

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adriani M., & Wirjatmadi B. (2012). Peranan gizi dalam siklus kehidupan. Jakarta: Kencana Prenadamedia Group

American Diabetes Association. (2014). Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Journal of Diabetes Care, 37(1), 581-590. Diakses dari http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/37/Supplement_1/S81.full

Atmarita, Abas B.J., Sudikno, Moesijanti S. (2016). Asupan gula, garam, dan lemak di Indonesia: analisis survey konsumsi makanan individu (SKMI) 2014. Journal of the Indonesian Nutrition Association, 39(1, 1-14). Diakses dari http://ejournal.persagi.org/ojspersagi2481/index.php/Gizi_Indon/article/viewFile/201/178

Gultom Y.T. (2012). Tingkat pengetahuan pasien diabetes mellitus tentang manajemen diabetes mellitus di rumah sakit pusat angkatan darat Gatot Soebroto Jakarta Pusat (Skripsi, Universitas Indonesia). Diakses dari

http://lib.ui.ac.id/file?file=digital/20314370-S43834 Tingkat%20pengetahuan.pdf

International Diabetes Federation. (2013). Indonesia at a glance: extract of the global diabetes scorecard tracking progress for action. Paper presented at International Diabetes Federation, Belgium. Diakses dari http://www.idf.org/global-diabetes-scorecard/assets/downloads/Scorecard-29-07-14.pdf

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2011). Buku pedoman pelayanan gizi lanjut usia. Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Bina Gizi dan Kesehatan Ibu dan Anak. Diakses dari: http://digilib.poltekkesdepkes-sby.ac.id/public/POLTEKKESSBY-Books-399-Pedomanpelayanangizilanjutusia.PDF

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2014). Pedoman gizi seimbang. Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Bina Gizi dan Kesehatan Ibu dan Anak. Diakses dari http://www.gizi.depkes.go.id/download/Pedoman%20Gizi/PGS%20Ok.pdf

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2015). Waspada diabetes. Jakarta: Infodatin Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Diakses dari http://www.depkes.go.id/resources/download/pusdatin/infodatin/infodatin-diabetes.pdf

Kumar G.S., Liping P., Sohyun P., Seung H.L.K., Stephen O., dan Heidi M.B. (2014). Sugar-sweetened beverages consumption among adults – 18 states, 2012. Journal of Morbidity and mortality weekly report, 63(32), 686-690). Diakses dari https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/wk/mm6332.pdf

Kurniawan I. (2010). Diabetes melitus tipe 2 pada usia lanjut. Majalah Kedokteran Indonesia, 60(12, 576-584).

Diakses dari http://indonesia.digitaljournals.org/index.php/idnmed/article/download/511/508

Murti L.Y. (2016). Hubungan antara kebiasaan

konsumsi gula dengan kejadian diabetes

mellitus di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Leyangan Ungaran Timur Kabupaten

Semarang (Skripsi, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Ngudi Waluyo Ungaran, Semarang). Diakses dari http://perpusnwu.web.id/karyailmiah/documents/4973.pdf

Nainggolan O, A Yudi K. dan Hendrik E. (2013). Determinan diabetes melitus analisis baseline data studi kohort penyakit tidak menular Bogor 2011. Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan,16(3), 331-339. Diakses dari http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/hsr/article/view/3471/3435

Notoatmodjo S. (2010). Ilmu perilaku kesehatan. Jakarta: Penerbit Rineka Cipta.

Perkeni. (2015). Konsensus pengelolaan dan pencegahan diabetes mellitus tipe 2 di Indonesia 2015. Jakarta: PB Perkeni. Diakses dari pbperkeni.or.id/doc/konsensus.pdf

Rusmanto. (2013). Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi sikap dan perilaku masyarakat terhadap kepatuhan minum obat anti filaria di RW II Kelurahan Pondok Aren (Skripsi, Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah, Jakarta). Diakses dari http://repository.uinjkt.ac.id/dspace/bitstream/123456789/.../RUSMANTO%20-%20fkik.pdf

Wang M., Min Y., Le F. dan Ru Y.H. (2014). Association between sugar-sweetened beverages and type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis. Journal of Diabetes Investigation, 6(3, 360-366). Diakses dari https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4420570/

WHO. (2016). Diabetes. [artikel] World Health Organization. Diakses dari http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs312/en/


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Media Gizi Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

             

    

 

 In Collaboration

View MGI Stats