Pengaruh Lama Penyinaran dan Salinitas terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Jumlah Klorofil A Sargassum sp.
[Effect Of Photoperiod And Salinity On The Growth And Chlorophyll A From Sargassum sp. ]

Moch. Amin Alamsjah, Maya Kartika Eismaputeri, Boedi Setya Rahardja

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jipk.v5i1.11432
Abstract views = 442 times | downloads = 430 times

Abstract


Abstract
Growth of Sargassum sp. in the waters of the world is different in each of its waters, it is strongly influenced by several factors, namely salinity and photoperiod. Salinity is closely related to the osmotic pressure that effects the body's balance of aquatic organisms. Photoperiod effects directly or indirectly, in particular on the algae, namely as a source of energy for photosynthesis. Photosynthesis process will occur not only with light, but also with the help of chlorophyll. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of photoperiod and salinity on growth and chlorophyll a Sargassum sp. and to determine the interaction relationship between photoperiod and of salinity on growth and chlorophyll a Sargassum sp. The design of the study is a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) Factorial test followed by Duncan's Multiple distance. Materials used in this study is Sargassum sp. with 9 treatments and 3 replications. Data results showed that the effect of salinity was not significantly different (F calculated < F table 0.05) on the growth of Sargassum sp. Effect of photoperiod did not different significant on the growth of Sargassum sp. in the first week until the third week, but different very significant (F calculated> F table 0.01) in the fourth week of treatment where E is the salinity of 30 ppt with photoperiod light 16 and 8 hours dark that significantly different with A, C, D, F, and I which not significantly different with B, G, H. On growth, there is no interaction of salinity and photoperiod. On chlorophyll a there is no difference significant in treatment A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, and I. Salinity and photoperiod had no effect on chlorophyll a Sargassum sp., and there is no interaction of salinity and photoperiod.


Keywords


Sargassum, photoperiod, salinity, growth, chlorophyll

Full Text:

PDF

References


Armita, D. 2011. Analisis Perbandingan Kualitas Air di Daerah Budidaya Rumput Laut dengan daerah Tidak Ada Budidaya Rumput Laut, di Dusun Malelaya, Desa Punaga, Kecamatan Mangarabombang, kabupaten Takalar. Universitas Hasanuddin. Makasar. 62 hal.

Carter, S. J. 1996. Photosynthesis. http://www.biology.clc.uc. Diakses pada tanggal 15 Juni 2012. 4 hal.

Darmayasa, I. G.P., 1988. Studi Perbandingan Laju Pertumbuhan Algae Merah Eucheuma spinosum (L).J. Pada Kedalaman yang Berbeda di Nusa Dua Bali. Karya Ilmiah. Fakultas Perikanan IPB. Bogor. http://www. Iptek.net.id//ttg/artlkp/artikel. 15 hal.

Edward dan A. Sediadi. 2001. Pemantauan Kondisi Hidrologi Di Perairan Raha, Pulau Muna Sulawesi Tenggara dalam Kaitannya dengan Budidaya Rumput Laut. Dinamika Laut. Puslit Oseanografi – LIPI. 7 hal.

Isnansetyo, A. dan Kurniastuty. 1995. Teknik Kultur Phytoplankton dan Zooplankton. Penerbit Kanasius. Yogyakarta.

Kadi, A. 2005. Beberapa Catatan Kehadiran Marga Sargassum Di Perairan Indonesia. Bidang Sumberdaya Laut, pusat Penelitian Oseanografi-LIPI, Jakarta. Oseana, XXX, No (4) : 19 – 29.

Lobban, C.S., D. J. Chapman, B. P. Kremer. 1988. Experimental Physcology. Cambridge University Press USA.

Milena, P., F. D. Massi and G. M. Gargiulo. 2005. Alternatif Pathways in The Life History of Gracilaria gracilis (Gracilaries, Rhodophyta) from North Eaestern sicily (Italia). http://www.sciencedirects.com. Diakses pada tanggal 30 Juni 2012. 1 hal.

Safarudin. 2011. Pengaruh Berat Bibit Awal Yang Berbeda Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Kadar Karagenan Rumput Laut (Kappaphycus alvarezii) Varietas Cokelat Menggunakan Metode Verikultur. http://safarudinhitler. blogspot.com/2011/03/pengaruh-berat-bibit-awal-yang-berbeda.html. 5 Fe-bruari 2012. 2 hal.

Sanusi, A. 2010. Respon Tanaman Terhadap Penyinaran. http://sanoesi.wordpress. com/2009/08/19/respon-tanaman-terhadap-penyinaran/. Diakses pada tanggal 30 Juni 2012. 1 hal.

Sulistijo. 1998. Pengaruh Salinitas Terhadap Pertumbuhan Zygote Rumput Laut Sargassum. Puslitbang Oseanologi, LIPI. Jakarata. 6 hal.

Susanto, A. B., Sarjito, A. Djunaedi dan Safuan. 2001. Studi Aplikasi Teknik Semprot Dengan Penambahan Nutrien Dalam Budidaya Rumput Laut Graciilaria verucosa (Huds) papenf. http://www.pandu.dhs.org. Diakses pada tanggal 19 Januari 2012. 1 hal.

Thirumaran, G. and P. Anantharaman. 2009. Daily Growth Rate of Field Farming Seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty ex P. Silva in Vellar Estuary. World Fish Marine Sci 1 (3): 144-153.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2013 Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan

 JIPK IS INDEXED BY :

                  

       

     

                      

           

 

             

          

     

                  

      

      

       

     

     

       

                     

View JIPK Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

 

EDITORIAL  OFFICE

JURNAL ILMIAH PERIKANAN DAN KELAUTAN (JIPK) /SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF FISHERIES AND MARINE

FAKULTAS PERIKANAN DAN KELAUTAN, UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA
Kampus C UNAIR, Jl. Dharmahusada Permai No.330, Mulyorejo,
Kota Surabaya, Provinsi Jawa Timur. Indonesia. 60115
Telepon: (031) 5911451
Fax. (031) 5965741
Email : jipk@fpk.unair.ac.id

 

 

 This Journal is Supported by