Pengaruh Kedalaman Sarang Penetasan Penyu Hijau (Chelonia mydas) terhadap Masa Inkubasi dan Persentase Keberhasilan Penetasan di Pantai Sukamade, Taman Nasional Meru Betiri, Banyuwangi Jawa Timur
[Effect of Nesting Site Depth of Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas) on the Incubation Period and Hatching Success Percentage in Sukamade Beach, Meru Betiri National Park, Banyuwangi in East Java]

Laksmi Sulmartiwi, Wahju Tjahjaningsih, Abang Aldhian R. Putera

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jipk.v7i2.11206
Abstract views = 383 times | downloads = 612 times

Abstract


Abstract
Indonesia is an archipelago that is rich in diversity of flora and fauna. One of these is a wealth of fauna species of sea turtles. All species of sea turtles in the world by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES) put in Appendix I as endangered and protected and not allowed to be traded. The purpose of this study was to determine effect the ratio of the depth from nest egg incubation and hatching percentage of green turtles (Chelonia mydas) nests at different depths in Sukamade, Betiri Meru National Park, Banyuwangi, East Java. The design of the study is a randomized block design (RGD). The groups as replicates for RGD, between groups or experimental material media are considered uniform. The results showed that the average incubation period was 58.87 +0.39 days, then the results were followed by Duncan's multiple range test, which showed that the highest yield obtained by the depth of 50 cm wasn’t significantly different (p> 0.05) with depth of 30 cm and 70 cm. While the results obtained at the lowest depth of 90 cm was significantly different (p <0.05) with the other depth (30 cm, 50 cm and 70 cm). While the percentage of hatching success obtained in average hatching was 88.12 + 0.38%. The Duncan's multiple range test analysis, showed that at a depth of 70 cm were not significantly different (p <0.05) from depth of 50 cm, but 70 and 50 cm depth was significantly different (p> 0.05) from another depth. Whereas the lowest hatching results obtained on depth of 90 cm are significantly different (p> 0.05) from the other depth (30 cm, 50 cm and 70 cm). The conclusion of this study was different depth of green turtle nests affect the egg incubation period and the percentage of egg hatching success of green turtles.


Keywords


green turtle, nest depth, temperature and humidity of the sand

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ariane, I. 1994. Studi Masa Inkubasi dan Keberhasilan Penetasan Semi Alami Telur Penyu Hijau (Chelonia mydas) di Pantai Sukamade, Taman Nasional Meru Betiri. Skripsi. Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Airlangga. Surabaya. Hal. 4-24

Kusriningrum, R.S. 2008. Perancangan Percobaan. Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Airlangga. Airlangga University Press. Surabaya. Hal 5-69.

Merwe, V. D, Jason; Ibrahim, Kamarruddin. W, and Joan. 2006. Effects of Nest Depth, Shading, and Metabolic Heating on Nest Temperatures in Sea Turtle Hatcheries. Chelonian Conservation and Bioloogy 5.2 Malaysia. 210-215.

Mulyani. L. 2006. Studi Perbandingan Tingkat Keberhasilan Penetasan Telur Penyu Lekang (Lepidochelys olivacea) pada Penetasan Alami dan Buatan di Ngagelan Alas Purwo, Banyuwangi, Jawa Timur. Skripsi. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. Hal. 24-52

Satriadi, A, Esti R dan Nurul. A. 2004. Identifikasi Penyu dan Studi Karakteristik Fisik Habitat Penelurannya di Pantai Samas, Kabupaten Bantul, Yogyakarta. Jurusan Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang. ISSN 0853 – 7291. Vol. 8 (2) : 69 - 75

Yustina, Suwondo, Arnentis, dan Yuspen Hendri, 2004. Analisis Distribusi Sarang Penyu Hijau (Chelonia mydas) di Pulau Jemur Riau. Laboratorium Zoologi Jurusan PMIPA FKIP. Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP Universitas Riau. Pekanbaru. Jurnal Biogenesis Vol. 1(1): 31-36, 2004 . ISSN : 1829-5460


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2015 Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan

JIPK IS INDEXED BY :

                  

       

     

                      

           

 

             

          

     

                  

      

      

       

     

     

       

                         

  

View JIPK Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

 

EDITORIAL  OFFICE

JURNAL ILMIAH PERIKANAN DAN KELAUTAN (JIPK) /SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF FISHERIES AND MARINE

FAKULTAS PERIKANAN DAN KELAUTAN, UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA
Kampus C UNAIR, Jl. Dharmahusada Permai No.330, Mulyorejo,
Kota Surabaya, Provinsi Jawa Timur. Indonesia. 60115
Telepon: (031) 5911451
Fax. (031) 5965741
Email : jipk@fpk.unair.ac.id

 

 

 This Journal is Supported by