Perubahan Histopatologi Jaringan Kulit Ikan Komet (Carassius Auratus Auratus) Akibat Infestasi Argulus Japonicus Histopathological
[Change of Comet Fish (Carassius auratus auratus) Skin Tissues Caused Argulus japonicus]

Kismiyati Kismiyati, Renita Efa Ratna Sari, Wahju Tjahjaningsih

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jipk.v10i1.8202
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Abstract


Abstrak

 

Ektoparasit merupakan salah satu penyebab menurunnya nilai jual komoditas ikan hias di Indonesia. Infestasi tingkat akut A. japonicus dapat mengakibatkan kematian dan kerugian ekonomi bagi pembudidaya. Penetrasi stylet ektoparasit Argulus dapat menyebabkan kerusakan yang cukup besar dengan memecah konsistensi jaringan dan dapat menimbulkan iritasi pada kulit ikan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk dapat mengetahui perubahan atau kelainan pada tingkat jaringan yang disebabkan oleh ektoparasit A. japonicus pada jaringan kulit ikan komet. Variabel yang diamati adalah perubahan patologi anatomi dan perubahan histopatologi jaringan kulit ikan komet akibat infestasi A. japonicus. Skoring dilakukan untuk menentukan derajat kerusakan histopatologi jaringan kulit ikan komet. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa infestasi A. japonicus mengakibatkan perubahan hemoragi, erosi epitel epidermis, infiltrasi sel radang, kongesti, dan ballooning degeneration pada jaringan kulit ikan komet. Derajat infestasi ektoparasit A. japonicus berbanding lurus dengan tingkat kerusakan jaringan kulit ikan komet. Jenis kerusakan jaringan tidak menunjukkan hubungan yang linear dengan derajat infestasi A. japonicus.

 

Kata Kunci: Carassius auratus auratus, Argulus japonicus, histopatologi

 

Abstract

 

Acute infestation of A. japonicus can give occasion death and economic loss to farmers. Stylet penetration of ectoparasites A. japonicus caused considerable damage by breaking consistency of fish tissue and skin irritation. The purpose of this research was ascertain the level of comet fish skin tissues changes or abnormalities caused by ectoparasites A. japonicus. The variables observed in this study is the anatomic pathology and histopathological changes in the skin tissue of fish comet due to A. japonicus infestation. Scoring is done to determine the level of comet fish histopathology skin tissues damage. The results showed that the infestation of A. japonicus provide an overview histopathological changes inflammation, epidermis erotion, congestion, ballooning degeneration, and haemorrhage in comet fish skin tissues. Infestation level of ectoparasites A. japonicus is directly proportional with the level of comet fish tissue damages. Type of tissue damage does not have linear relationship with the level of A. japonicus infestation.

 

Keywords: Carassius auratus auratus, Argulus japonicus, histopathology

 


Keywords


Carassius auratus auratus, Argulus japonicus, histopathology

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References


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