Identifikasi dan Prevalensi Cacing pada Saluran Pencernaan Ikan Salem (Scomber japonicus) di Pangkalan Pendaratan Ikan Muara Angke, Jakarta Utara
[ Identification and Prevalence of Helminthic Gastrointestinal In Chub Mackerel (Scomber japonicus) in The Fish Landing Base Muara Angke, North Jakarta]

Sri Subekti, Rengga Eko Pradipta, Kismiyati Kismiyati

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jipk.v7i1.11244
Abstract views = 427 times | downloads = 398 times

Abstract


Abstract
The high interest of public to Marine fish, making more request of chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus). Chub Mackerel is one commodity that has economic and high nutrient value. The Chub Mackerel obtained from the Indonesian importation from China. However, fish importation can be affected by diseases caused by helminthic endoparasites infection. The parasites that infected chub mackerel probably be caused by pollution due to environmental factors that could decreased the immune system, and making a fish easily infected by helminthic endoparasite as Anisakis. This parasite is zoonosis and could infected to human. Therefore, identification and prevalence of this parasite was needed in order to human consumed and managed this fish correctly. The purpose of this study was to identify and to know the prevalence of this helminth that infected a chub mackerel fish (Scomber japonicus) from fish importation that were sold in Fish Landing Base Muara Angke, North Jakarta. Research methodology using survey methods through sampling at locations directly. Fish samples were examined as many as 60 samples of chub mackerel. The main parameters are observed prevalence of helminth and helminth that infect in gastrointestinal chub mackerel. The result identification of helmint that infect chub mackerel descriptively analyzed and presented in the form of figures and tables. The result showed the presence of the third-stage larvae Anisakis simplex that infected the intestinal mucosa and lumen of chub mackerel fish, in Fish Landing Base Muara Angke, North Jakarta with prevalence was 70%.


Keywords


Chub Mackerel, Prevalence, Anisakis simplex, and Zoonosis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aryani, R. 2012. Identifikasi dan Prevalensi Cacing pada Saluran Pencernaan Ikan Gurami (Osphronemus gouramy) di Desa Ngrajek Magelang Jawa Tengah. Skripsi. Budidaya Perairan. Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan. Universitas Airlangga. Surabaya. 43 hal.

Balai Karantina Ikan Batam. 2007. Laporan Pemantauan HPI/HPIK Tahun 2007. Balai Karantina Ikan Batam. Batam. 52 hal.

Bucci, C., G. Serena., M. Ivonne., Fortunato., C. Carolina., I. Paola. 2013. Anisakis, just think about it in an emergency!. Int. J. Infect. Dis. 17(11): 1071-1072.

Cisse, M., and D. Belghyti (2005). Helminth Parasites of Chub Mackerel Scomber japonicus (Houttuyn, 1782) from Mehdia-Kenitra Harbour (Atlantic Coast of Morocco). J.Aqu. Sci., 20 (1): 63-67.

Crone, P. R., K. T. Hill, J. D. McDaniel, and N. C. H. Lo. 2009. Pacific Mackerel (Scomber japonicus) Stock Assessment for USA Management in the 2009-10 Fishing Year. Pacific Fishery Management Council. Ambassador Place. USA. 197 p.

Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan. 2013. Laporan Hasil Tangkapan Beberapa Ikan di Jakarta Utara. Departemen Perikanan. 34 hal.

Direktorat Jenderal Pengolahan dan Pemasaran Hasil Perikanan. 2012. Penetapan Jenis-Jenis Hasil Perikanan yang dapat Dimasukkan ke Dalam Wilayah Negara Republik Indonesia. Departemen Perikanan. 15 hal.

Direktorat Jenderal Perikanan. 2013. Statistik Perikanan Indonesia 2012. Departemen Pertanian. Jakarta. 75 hal.

Emelina, N. 2008. Cacing Parasitik pada Insang Ikan Kembung (Decapterus spp). Skripsi. Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. 56 hal.Pertanian Bogor. Hal 42.

Grabda, J. 1991. Marine Fish Parasitology. VHC and PWN-Polish Scientific Publishers, New York. hal. 5-27.

Hariyadi, A.R. (2006). Pemetaan Infestasi Cacing Parasitik dan Resiko Zoonosis pada Ikan Laut di Perairan laut Indonesia Bagian Selatan. Tesis. Bogor: Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan.

Hernandez, C. J. J. and A.T. S Ortega, 2000. Synopsis of Biological Data on The Chub Mackerel (Scomber japonicus Houttuyn, 1782). FAO Fish. Synop. 157. 77 p.

Kennedy, C. R. 1975. Ecological Animal Parasitology. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Oxford London. pp. 53-61.

Klimpel, S., H. W. Palm, S. Ruckert and U. Piatkowski. 2004. The Life Cycle of Anisakis simplex in The Norwegian Deep (Nothern North Sea). Parasitol Res. 94: 1-9.

Kuhlmann, W.F. 2006. Preservation, Staining, and Mounting Parasite Speciment. 8 hal.

Mahmoud, N.E., and A.M. Mahmoud, (2005). Parasitological and Histopathological Studies on Anisakis simplex Larvae Infection Among Some Egyptian Marine Fishes and Experimental Anisakiasis in Mice. Egy. Vet. Med. Sci. Parasit. J., 2 (1): 213-231.

Miyazaki, I. 1991. An Illustrated Book of Helminthic Zoonosis. Tokyo International Medical Foundation of Japan. Japan. 56 p.

Mohammed, A. A. 2007. Parasites of Some Imported Fish. Thesis. Veterinary Medical Sciences. Zagazig University. Egypt. 110 p.

Olsen, O. W. 1974. Animal Parasites, Their Life Cycles and Ecology. Park Press Baltimore University. 562 p.

Palm, H.W. 2008. Molecular Genotyping of Anisakis. Journal of Science nad Technology. Vol. 3. 8 pp.

Rakibuzzaman, M. 2011. Comparative Study of Endoparasitic Infestation in Scomber Colias Collected from Sewage Lagoon. Journal of Science and Technology. 6 (2) : 6-7.

Rucket, S., S. Klimpel, S. Al-Quraishy, H. Mehlhron, and H.W. Palm. 2009. Transmission of Fish Parasites into Grouper Mariculture (Serranidae: Epinephelus coioides (Hamilton, 1882)) in Lampung Bay, Indonesia. Parasitol 104: 523-532.

Sarjito dan Desrina. 2005. Analisa Infeksi Cacing Endoparasit pada Ikan Kakap Putih (Lates calcarifer Bloch) dari Perairan Pantai Demak. Laporan Kegiatan Hasil Penelitian Dosen Muda. Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan. Universitas Diponegoro. Semarang. 18 hal.

Sugane, K., S.H. Sun, and T. Matsuura, (1992). Radiolabelling of The ExcretorySecretory and Somatic Antigens of Anisakis simplex Larvae. J. Helminth., 66 (4): 305-309.

Williams, H., and A. Jones. 1994. Parasitic Worm of Fish. Taylor and Francis Ltd., London, United Kingdom.

Williams, E.H., and L.B. Williams. 1996. Parasites of Offshore Big Game Fishes if Puerto Rico an The Western Atlantic. Departement of Marine Sciences and Departement of Biology University of Puerto Rico : Puerto Rico 320p.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2015 Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan

 JIPK IS INDEXED BY :

                  

       

     

                      

           

 

             

          

     

                  

      

      

       

     

     

       

                     

View JIPK Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

 

EDITORIAL  OFFICE

JURNAL ILMIAH PERIKANAN DAN KELAUTAN (JIPK) /SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF FISHERIES AND MARINE

FAKULTAS PERIKANAN DAN KELAUTAN, UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA
Kampus C UNAIR, Jl. Dharmahusada Permai No.330, Mulyorejo,
Kota Surabaya, Provinsi Jawa Timur. Indonesia. 60115
Telepon: (031) 5911451
Fax. (031) 5965741
Email : jipk@fpk.unair.ac.id

 

 

 This Journal is Supported by