Pemberian Pakan dengan Energi yang Berbeda Terhadap Pertumbuhan Benih Ikan Kerapu Tikus (Cromileptes altivelis)
[Feeding with Different Energy To Growth Of Groupers (Cromileptes altivelis) ]

Agustono, Agustono, Widiana Permata sar, Yudi Cahyoko

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jipk.v1i2.11681
Abstract views = 711 times | downloads = 2755 times

Abstract


Abstract
Grouper (Cromileptes altivelis) is a kind of coral reef fish that only lives and grows fast in tropical areas. The grouper fish (Cromileptes altivelis) is one of high economy value sea fishes. One of the ways to increase the grouper fish (Cromileptes altivelis) production is by enhancing the feeding management. The energy feeds are the ones containing high energy. High energy is able to improve the feeding efficiency and the increasing weight of grouper fish (Cromileptes altivelis) and to reduce the water contamination. The research is aimed to know the influence of the different feeding energy to the growth rate, feed efficiency, fat content and the survival rate of grouper fry (Cromileptes altivelis). The research method used in this one was the experiment and the applied design was Complete Random Design (CRD) with 5 treatments. The treatments were A (3.263,92 kkal/kg) as controller, B (3.291,59 kkal/kg), C (3.330,62 kkal/kg), D (3.453,35 kkal/kg), E (3.535,35 kkal/kg) and every treatment was repeated four times. The obtained data were analysed by using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), if there were differences, it will be continued with the Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT). The research showed that the daily growth rate, the feed efficiency, the fat content and survival rate of grouper fry were the same respectively (p>0.05).


Keywords


high energy diet, grouper fish (Cromileptes altivelis), daily growth rate, feed efficiency, fat content and survival rate

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akbar, S. dan Sudaryanto. 2001. Pembenihan dan Pembesaran Kerapu Bebek. Penebar Swadaya.

Jakarta.

Buwono, I. D. 2000. Kebutuhan Asam Amino Esensial dalam Ransum Pakan. Dalam Sukoso.2002. Pemanfaatan Mikroalga dalam Industri Pakan Ikan. Agritek YPN. Jakarta.

Cowey. C. B., 1979. Protein and Amino Acid Requirement of finfish. Institute of Marine

Biochemistry. Aberdeen United Kingdom.

Effendie, M.I. 1997. Biologi Perikanan. Yayasan Pustaka Indonesia. Jakarta.

Fajar, M. 1988. Budidaya Perairan Intensif. Nuffic/ Unibraw/ Luw/ Fish. Fish Project. Universitas Brawijaya Malang. Dalam Sukoso.2002. Pemanfaatan Mikroalga dalam Industri Pakan Ikan. Agritek YPN. Jakarta.

Hariati, A. M. 1989. Makanan Ikan.UNIBRAW / LUW / Fishr ies Product Univers itas Brawijaya. Malang.

Hui smann, E.A. 1976. Food Conve r s ion Efficiencies at Maintenance and Production Levels for Carp, Cyprinus carpio L. and Rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri Richardson. Aquaculture..

Khairuman, A. dan A. Khairul. 2002. Membuat Pakan Ikan Konsumsi. Agromedia Pustaka. Jakarta.

Kordi, H.G.M., 2002. Usaha Pembesaran Ikan Kerapu Di Tambak. Kanisius. Jakarta.

Kusriningrum, R. 1989. Dasar Perancangan Percobaan dan Rancangan Acak Lengkap . fakultas Kedokteran Hewan. Universitas Airlangga Surabaya.

Mudjiman, A. 2000. Makanan Ikan. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.

Mudjiman, A. 2004. Makanan Ikan Edisi Revisi, Penebar Swadaya. Depok.

N a t i o n a l R e s e a r c h C o u n c i l . 1 9 7 7. NutrientRequirement of Warmwater Fishes.Sub Committee On Warmwater Fish Nutrition. Committee on Animal Nutrition. Board on Agriculture and Renewable Resources. National Academy Science. Washington.

Subiyanto. 2005. Analisis Penerapan Paket Teknologi Budidaya Pembesaran Ikan Kerapu. J u r n a l S a i n t d a n Te k n o l o g i BP PT. http://www.Ipteknet.com/Articles/2005.

Subyakto, S. dan S Cahyaningsih. 2003. Pembenihan Kerapu Skala Rumah Tangga. Agromedia Pustaka. Jakarta.

Sukoso. 2002. Pemanfaatan Mikroalga dalam Industri Pakan Ikan. Agritek YPN. Jakarta.

Supriyadi., H. dan T. Lentera. 2004. Membuat Ikan Hias tampil sehat dan Prima. PT Agromedia Pustaka. Jakarta.

Surachmad, W. 1989. Pengantar Penelitian Ilmiah, Dasar Metode dan Teknik. Penerbit Tarsito. Bandung.

Zonneveld, N. E. A Huisman dan J. H. Boon . 1991. Prinsip – prinsip Budidaya Ikan. Dalam Sukoso.2002. Pemanfaatan Mikroalga dalam Industri Pakan Ikan. Agritek YPN. Jakarta.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2009 Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan

JIPK IS INDEXED BY :

                  

       

     

                      

           

 

             

          

     

                  

      

      

       

     

     

       

                         

  

View JIPK Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

 

EDITORIAL  OFFICE

JURNAL ILMIAH PERIKANAN DAN KELAUTAN (JIPK) /SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF FISHERIES AND MARINE

FAKULTAS PERIKANAN DAN KELAUTAN, UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA
Kampus C UNAIR, Jl. Dharmahusada Permai No.330, Mulyorejo,
Kota Surabaya, Provinsi Jawa Timur. Indonesia. 60115
Telepon: (031) 5911451
Fax. (031) 5965741
Email : jipk@fpk.unair.ac.id

 

 

 This Journal is Supported by