Studi Bioakumulasi Timbal (Pb) pada Ikan Bandeng (Chanos chanos Forskall) di Tambak Sekitar Perairan Sungai Buntung, Kabupaten Sidoarjo
[ Studies Bioaccumulation of Lead (Pb) in Milkfish (Chanos chanos Forskall) at The Fishponds Around Buntung River, Sidoarjo]

Rr. Juni Triastuti, Singgih Aditama, Boedi Setya Rahardja

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jipk.v7i1.11245
Abstract views = 598 times | downloads = 676 times

Abstract


Abstract
Lead (Pb) has been recognized as hazardous metal because it is commonly found as contaminant, interfere the survival of aquatic organisms, and cause bioaccumulation process in aquatic biota at the waters. Bioaccumulation refers to the accumulation of substances in organism that can trough the food chain reaction of aquatic tissue. Bioaccumulation may occur in milkfish cultivated in fishponds around the Buntung river, Sidoarjo, because there are a lot of factories or industrial activities operating and disposing the waste along the river. The purposes of this study are to measure the lead (Pb) content in milkfish at pond around Buntung river, Sidoarjo, and to determine concentration of water and sediment river, water and sediment of fishponds, klekap, and milkfish meat from fishponds, and also to has exceeded specified maximum limit. Design of this study is descriptive study. The samples were collected from 4 stations that located in Buntung river, Sidoarjo, include water and sediment of river, water and sediment of fishponds, klekap, meats and gills from milkfish. Analyze the lead (Pb) content of water, sediment, and biota used Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (AAS). The histopathology slide was made by Haematoxylin-Eosin coloration. Cells of controls are the gill filaments at magnification up to 1000 times. The results showed concentration of lead (Pb) in the river water was about 0,018–0,028 ppm, the sediment of river (2,664–3,072 ppm), the water of fishponds (0,000-0,011 ppm), the sediment of fishponds (2,974-3,220 ppm), klekap (0,176-0,192 ppm), and milkfish meat (0,175-0,190 ppm). The lead concentration of each objects have lower than standardization of quality. The injuries found on the gill filaments of milkfish sample histopathologicaly are cell necrosis, rupture of secondary lamella, and congestion.


Keywords


Lead (Pb), Milkfish, Buntung River

Full Text:

PDF

References


Darmono. 2001. Lingkungan Hidup dan Pencemaran : Hubungan dengan Toksikologi Senyawa Logam. Penerbit Universitas Indonesia. Jakarta. 142 hal.

Elisabeth. 2000. Kandungan Logam Berat Air Raksa (Hg) dalam Air, Sedimen dan Jaringan Tubuh Ikan di Muara Way Kambas dan Way Sekampung, Lampung. Skripsi. Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. 69 hal.

Erlangga. 2007. Efek Pencemaran Perairan Sungai Kampar di Provinsi Riau Terhadap Ikan Baung (Hemibagrus nemurus). Tesis. Pascasarjana. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. 98 hal.

Hutagalung, H.P. 1984. Logam Berat Dalam Lingkungan Laut. Pewarta Oceana IX No. 1. Hal 12-19.

Khaisar, O. 2006. Kandungan Timah Hitam (Pb) dan Kadmium (Cd) dalam Air, Sedimen, dan Bioakumulasi serta Respon Histopatologis Organ Ikan Alu-Alu (Sphyraena barracuda) di Perairan Teluk Jakarta. Skripsi. Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. 89 hal.

Nugroho, P. 2010. Selamatkan Tahura (Taman Hutan Rakyat). http://banjarmasinpost. co.id. 20 Oktober 2011. 2 hal.

Pranaditia, R. 2011. Studi Kandungan Logam Berat Kadmium pada Beberapa Spesies Ikan, Moluska dan Crustacea di Pantai Kenjeran, Surabaya dan Branta Pesisir Pamekasan, Madura. Skripsi. Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan. Universitas Airlangga. Surabaya. 65 hal.

Prasatya, R. 1986. Penyebaran dan Kelimpahan Udang Palaemoninae di Muara Sungai Buntung Kabupaten Sidoarjo Jawa Timur. Karya Ilmiah Skripsi. Fakultas Perikanan. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. 97 hal.

Purnomo, T dan Muchyiddin. 2007. Analisis Kandungan Timbal (Pb) pada Ikan Bandeng (Chanos chanos Forks.) di Tambak Kecamatan Gresik. Neptunus Universitas Negeri Surabaya. Vol. 14 : 68–77.

Putri, M, S. 2001. Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia No. 82 Tahun 2001. Jakarta. 46 hal.

Shindu, S.F. 2005. Kandungan Logam Berat Cu, Zn, dan Pb dalam Air, Ikan Nila (Oreochromis niloticus) dan Ikan Mas (Cyprinus carpio) dalam Keramba Jaring Apung, Waduk Saguling. Skripsi. Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. 59 hal


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2015 Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan

JIPK IS INDEXED BY :

                  

       

     

                      

           

 

             

          

     

                  

      

      

       

     

     

       

                         

  

View JIPK Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

 

EDITORIAL  OFFICE

JURNAL ILMIAH PERIKANAN DAN KELAUTAN (JIPK) /SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF FISHERIES AND MARINE

FAKULTAS PERIKANAN DAN KELAUTAN, UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA
Kampus C UNAIR, Jl. Dharmahusada Permai No.330, Mulyorejo,
Kota Surabaya, Provinsi Jawa Timur. Indonesia. 60115
Telepon: (031) 5911451
Fax. (031) 5965741
Email : jipk@fpk.unair.ac.id

 

 

 This Journal is Supported by