Kebiasaan Membaca Label Gizi Berhubungan Dengan Asupan Natrium Pada Wanita Dewasa

Dea Dellyana Wahyutia Ady, Sri Sumarmi

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/amnt.v3i3.2019.158-163
Abstract views = 717 times | downloads = 1400 times

Abstract


Background: Sodium is one of the nutrients which is mandatory to be displayed in food packaging. High intake of sodium can increase the risk blood pressure elevation and hypertension. The habit of reading the nutrition label can affect in dietary intake, one of them is sodium.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the association between the habit of reading the nutrition label and sodium intake in female adolescents.

Methods: This study was a cross sectional study with citizens of  Modong Village, Tulangan Sub-district, Sidoarjo District with 70 participants. Sample collection used a simple random sampling method. Sodium intake data was collected through interview using Semi Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQ-FFQ). Data of habit of reading the nutrition label were obtained through interview in reading nutrition label frequency. Statistical test performed was chi square test.

Result: The results showed that there was a significant relationship between reading habit of nutrition fact with sodium intake among adult woman (p=0.023). Most respondents rarely read nutrition label (40%) and inadequate sodium intake (30%).

Conclusion: The habit of reading nutrition label is significantly associated with sodium intake in female adolescents in Modong Village, Tulangan Sub-district, Sidoarjo District.

ABSTRAK 

Latar Belakang: Natrium adalah salah satu zat gizi yang wajib ditampilkan di label pangan kemasan. Asupan tinggi natrium meningkatkan resiko peningkatan tekanan darah dan hipertensi. Kebiasaan membaca label gizi dapat berpengaruh terhadap asupan zat gizi, salah satunya natrium.

Tujuan: Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan kebiasaan membaca label gizi dengan asupan natrium pada wanita dewasa.

Metode: Penelitian cross sectional ini dilakukan pada populasi wanita dewasa di Desa Modong, Kecamatan Tulangan, Kabupaten Sidoarjo dengan 70 orang responden. Teknik pengumpulan sampel menggunakan simple random sampling. Data asupan natrium didapatkan melalui wawancara menggunakan Semi Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQ-FFQ). Data kebiasaan membaca label gizi didapatkan melalui wawancara frekuensi membaca label gizi. Hubungan antara kebiasaan membaca label gizi dengan asupan natrium dianalisis menggunakan uji statistic uji chi square.

Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara kebiasaan membaca label gizi dengan asupan natrium (p=0,023). Sebagian besar responden jarang membaca label gizi (40%) dan mengonsumsi natrium yang berlebih (30%).

Kesimpulan: Kebiasaan membaca label gizi memiliki hubungan yang bermakna dengan asupan natrium wanita dewasa di Desa Modong, Kecamatan Tulangan, Kabupaten Sidoarjo.


Keywords


nutrition label, sodium, woman

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